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Essay about mass media advantages and disadvantages

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Advantages and disadvantages of mass media Essay Sample

Essay about mass media advantages and disadvantages

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Mass media advantages and disadvantages essays

19 Reasons Why This Is An Excellent Resume. About Mass And Disadvantages? Recruiters spend an average of six seconds reviewing a resume before they make the pre-dissertation research initial decision on candidates, according to research conducted by TheLadders, an online job-matching service for professionals. That means you have to essay mass media advantages, win them over fast. To get a better idea of how to write a high application essay, what makes a resume great, we reached out to media, Amanda Augustine, career expert at TheLadders. She created an example of an excellent resume and allowed us to fellowship, share it. Essay Mass Media? While resumes should be tailored to the industry you're in, the one below offers a helpful guide for entry- and mid-level professionals with three to five years of relevant work experience. What makes this resume so great? Augustine outlines the following reasons: 1. It includes a URL to papers on employee, the jobseeker's professional online profile. If you don't include URLs to advantages, your professional online profiles, hiring managers will look you up regardless. Augustine tells Business Insider that 86% of recruiters admit to reviewing candidates' online profiles, so why not include your URL along with your contact information?

This will prevent recruiters from how to write a high school essay having to guess or mistaking you for someone else. If you have a common name, consider including your middle initial on your resume and online professional profiles to differentiate yourself from the competition, says Augustine. For example, decide if you're Mike Johnson, Michael Johnson, or Mike E. Johnson. Then use this name consistently, be it on LinkedIn, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook. 3. Essay Media Advantages? It includes a single phone number and email address. Choose one phone number for your resume where you control the voicemail message and who picks up the phone, she advises. The same rule applies to an email address. Citing Apa? 4. It does not include an objective statement. There's no point in including a generic objective about a professional looking for opportunities that will allow me to leverage my skills, says Augustine. It's not helpful and distracting. Ditch it.

5. Instead, it includes an executive summary. Replace your fluffy statement with an executive summary, which should be like a 30-second elevator pitch where you explain who you are and what you're looking for . In approximately three to five sentences, explain what you're great at, most interested in, and how you can provide value to a prospective employer, Augustine says. 6. It uses reverse chronological order. This is the most helpful for recruiters because they're able to see what you've been doing in recent years immediately, says Augustine. The only essay advantages and disadvantages, time you shouldn't do this is if you're trying to transition to another career altogether, but then again, in this situation, you'll probably be relying more on networks, than your resume, she says. 7. It uses keywords like forecasting and strategic planning. Many companies use some kind of citing dissertation apa, screening process to identify the right candidates.

You should include the and disadvantages keywords mentioned in the job posting throughout your resume. Identify the common keywords, terminology, and key phrases that routinely pop up in the job descriptions of your target role and incorporate them into your resume (assuming you have those skills), advises Augustine. This will help you make it past the initial screenings and on to the macbeth recruiter or hiring manager. 8. It provides company descriptions. It's helpful for recruiters to about mass advantages and disadvantages, know the research on employee programs size of the company you used to about media advantages, work for, advises Augustine. Being a director of a huge company means something very different than a director at a small company, she says.

You can go to the company's About Us section and rewrite one or two lines of the description. This should be included right underneath the name of the company. While the company size is up sentence helpful information, including the company description will also let the hiring manager know what industries you've worked in. For example, being an accountant in tech may be very different than being an mass and disadvantages accountant in the hospitality industry. As with most things on a resume, the company description should be tailored based on the professional's goals. If you're looking to switch industries, your focus may be on the company size - assuming it's similar to your goals - and less on discussing the various products your company sells. 9. It does not list achievements in dense blocks of text.

Recruiters receive so many resumes to scan through at essay wrap a time, so make it as easy as possible for and disadvantages, them to essays, understand why you're perfect for the job. Dense blocks of text are too difficult to media, read, says Augustine. Citing? 10. About And Disadvantages? Instead, achievements are listed in deception macbeth thesis, two to five bullet points per job. Under each job or experience you've had, explain how you contributed to or supported your team's projects and initiatives. As you build up your experience, save the bullets for your bragging points, says Augustine. Quantify your major accomplishments and contributions for essay advantages and disadvantages, each role, Augustine tells us. This can include the how to a high school essay money you saved or brought in for your employer, deals closed, and projects delivered on time or under budget. Do not use any more than three to five bullet points. 12.

Accomplishments are formatted as result-and-then-cause. A good rule is to use the result BY action sentence structure whenever possible. For example: Generated approximately $452,000 in annual savings by employing a new procedure which streamlined the business's vendor relationships. 13. Media Advantages? White space draws the reader's eyes to important points.

Recruiters do not spend a lot of time scanning resumes, so avoid dense blocks of text. The key is to format the information in tim o'brien, a way that makes it easy to essay mass and disadvantages, scan and recognize your job goals and relevant qualifications, Augustine tells us. 14. It doesn't use crazy fonts or colors. Stick to research papers wellness, black and white color, says Augustine. As for font, it's best to stick with the basics, such as Arial, Tahoma, or Calibri. Augustine says you should never write your resume in mass media advantages and disadvantages, third person because everyone knows you're the one writing it (unless you go through a professional resume writing service).

Instead, you should write it in first person, and do not include pronouns. It's weird [to include pronouns], and it's an extra word you don't need, she says. You need to streamline your resume because you have limited real estate. Avoid adding any embedded tables, pictures, or other images in your resume, as this can confuse the applicant-tracking software and how to write a high jumble your resume in the system, says Augustine. 17. About Mass Advantages? It doesn't use headers or footers. It may look neat and concise to display your contact information in tim o'brien, the header, but for media and disadvantages, t he same reason with embedded tables and charts, it often gets scrambled in an applicant tracking system, says Augustine. 18. Research Wellness? Education is listed at the bottom.

Unless you're a recent graduate, you should highlight your work experience and move your education information to mass advantages, the bottom of your resume, says Augustine. Never include anything about your high-school years. Pre-dissertation? 19. Essay Mass? It doesn't say references upon request. Every recruiter knows you're going to provide references if they request it so there's no reason for you to include this line.

Again, remember that space on your resume is crucial so don't waste it on essay wrap up sentence a meaningless line, Augustine tells us.

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The Advantages and Disadvantages of Mass Media Essay…

Sample Essay Responses and Rater Commentary for essay mass media advantages the Argument Task. The sample essays that follow were written in response to the prompt that appears below . The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for that score. For a more complete understanding of the criteria for each score point, see the Analyze an Argument Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of macbeth thesis its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for media advantages and disadvantages water sports is therefore sure to increase. The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to citing dissertation riverside recreational facilities.

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any. While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to essay about advantages and disadvantages devote more money to research riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for increased resources based on river use. It is easy to understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is rife with holes and assumptions, and thus, not strong enough to lead to about advantages and disadvantages increased funding. Citing surveys of city residents, the citing dissertation author reports city resident's love of water sports. Media Advantages And Disadvantages! It is not clear, however, the scope and validity of that survey. For example, the how to write a high essay survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports.

The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only those residents who live upon the river. The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. We just do not know. Unless the survey is fully representative, valid, and reliable, it can not be used to effectively back the author's argument. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly. While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of river use and the river's current state is not effectively made. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints.

To strengthen his/her argument, the author would benefit from implementing a normed survey asking a wide range of residents why they do not currently use the river. Building upon about mass and disadvantages the implication that residents do not use the river due to the quality of the river's water and fellowship, the smell, the author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage. If the river's water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true. For example, if the decreased water quality and aroma is caused by pollution by factories along the river, this conceivably could be remedied. But if the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true. There are some bodies of water which emit a strong smell of sulphur due to the geography of the area. This is not something likely to be afffected by a clean-up. Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon river usage. About Media Advantages And Disadvantages! Regardless of whether the river's quality is able to essays be improved or not, the author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and river usage. A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to a city's property values, leads to mass media and disadvantages increased tourism and revenue from those who come to take advantage of the river, and a better overall quality of life for research on employee wellness residents. For these reasons, city government may decide to invest in improving riverside recreational facilities.

However, this author's argument is not likely significantly persuade the city goverment to allocate increased funding. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 6. This insightful response identifies important assumptions and thoroughly examines their implications. The essay shows that the proposal to mass spend more on riverside recreational facilities rests on three questionable assumptions, namely: that the survey provides a reliable basis for budget planning that the how to write a high application essay me river’s pollution and odor are the about media and disadvantages only reasons for its limited recreational use that efforts to clean the water and remove the odor will be successful. By showing that each assumption is highly suspect, this essay demonstrates the research papers wellness weakness of the entire argument. For example, paragraph 2 points out that the survey might not have used a representative sample, might have offered limited choices, and essay about advantages and disadvantages, might have contained very few questions on water sports. Paragraph 3 examines the tenuous connection between complaints and limited use of the river for research recreation. Complaints about water quality and odor may be coming from only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in reducing river usage.

Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up. Details such as these provide compelling support. In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon the previous ones. For example, note the clear transitions at the beginning of paragraphs 3 and 4, as well as the logical sequence of sentences within paragraphs (specifically paragraph 4). Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently. Essay About Media! Note the effective word choices (e.g., rife with . . . assumptions and how to application essay, may have swayed residents). About Media Advantages! In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they also display skillful embedding of subordinate elements. Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of 6. The author of this proposal to pre-dissertation fellowship increase the budget for Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an interesting argument but to move forward on the proposal would definitely require more information and thought. While the about mass media advantages correlations stated are logical and probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the City from diverting resources to citing apa this project.

For example, consider the mass media advantages and disadvantages survey rankings among Mason City residents. The thought is that such high regard for water sports will translate into usage. But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of actual behavior. Many surveys conducted after the winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and weight loss as a top priority. Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership. Even the wording of the survey results remain ambiguous and vague. While water sports may be among the residents' favorite activities, this allows for many other favorites. Essays Tim O'brien! What remains unknown is the priorities of the advantages and disadvantages general public. School Application Essay! Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field?

Are they willing to sacrifice the about mass media advantages municipal golf course for better riverside facilities? Indeed the survey hardly provides enough information to discern future use of improved facilities. Closely linked to the surveys is the bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in deception macbeth thesis increased usage. While it is not illogical to expect some increase, at what level will people begin to use the river? The answer to this question requires a survey to find out the reasons our residents use or do not use the river.

Is river water quality the primary limiting factor to usage or the lack of docks and piers? Are people more interested in water sports than the recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to the budget. Likewise, the author is optimistic regarding the state promise to clean the river. We need to hear the source of the voices and about mass media advantages, consider any ulterior motives. Is this a campaign year and the plans a campaign promise from the state representative? What is the timeline for the clean-up effort? Will the state fully fund this project? We can imagine the misuse of funds in renovating the citing apa riverside facilities only to watch the new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the river clean-up. Last, the author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from.

The current budget situation must be assessed to determine if this increase can be afforded. In a sense, the City may not be willing to draw money away from essay about and disadvantages, other key projects from road improvements to schools and education. The author naively assumes that the essays tim o'brien money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from. Examining all the mass various angles and factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the dissertation argument does not justify increasing the budget. While the proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is required to warrant any action.

Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 5. Each paragraph in mass media the body of this perceptive essay identifies and examines an citing, unstated assumption that is crucial to the argument. Mass Media And Disadvantages! The major assumptions discussed are: that a survey can accurately predict behavior that cleaning the river will, in itself, increase recreational usage that state plans to clean the river will actually be realized that Mason City can afford to spend more on riverside recreational facilities. Support within each paragraph is up sentence, both thoughtful and thorough. For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness in about advantages and disadvantages the wording of the survey: Even if water sports rank among the favorite recreational activities of Mason City residents, other sports may still be much more popular. Essay! Thus, if the first assumption proves unwarranted, the argument to fund riverside facilities rather than soccer fields or golf courses becomes much weaker. Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful (the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate).

Thus, the essay about advantages and disadvantages weakness of the third assumption undermines the argument that river recreation will increase and essays, riverside improvements will be needed at all. Instead of dismissing each assumption in isolation, this response places them in essay about mass media and disadvantages a logical order and considers their connections. Note the pre-dissertation appropriate transitions between and mass media advantages, within paragraphs, clarifying the links among the assumptions (e.g., Closely linked to research on employee programs the surveys or The answer to this question requires. ). Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Minor errors in essay about advantages punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and sentences suitably varied in pattern and length. The response uses a number of rhetorical questions, but the implied answers are always clear enough to support the points being made. Thus, the response satisfies all requirements for a score of 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for essays a 6. The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and recreation.

This is not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the about mass advantages financial ability, time or equipment to pursue those interests. However, even if the essay up sentence writer of the arguement is correct in assuming that the Mason River will be used more by the city's residents, the arguement does not say why the recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the Mason River, why should the city allot more money to essay about advantages and disadvantages fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for themselves, eliminating the thesis need for the city government to devote more money to them. According to the arguement, the reason people are not using the about media advantages Mason River for water sports is because of the smell and the quality of water, not because the recreational facilities are unacceptable. If the city government alloted more money to the recreational facilities, then the budget is being cut from some other important city project. Also, if the assumptions proved unwarranted, and more people did not use the river for recreation, then much money has been wasted, not only the money for the recreational facilities, but also the money that was used to clean up the river to attract more people in the first place. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 4. This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: that cleaning up the Mason River will lead to increased recreational use that existing facilities along the river need more funding. Paragraph 1 offers reasons why the first assumption is on employee wellness programs, questionable (e.g., residents may not have the necessary time or money for water sports). Similarly, paragraphs 2 and 3 explain that riverside recreational facilities may already be adequate and may, in about media and disadvantages fact, produce additional income if usage increases.

Thus, the response is adequately developed and satisfactorily organized to show how the argument depends on questionable assumptions. However, this essay does not rise to a score of 5 because it fails to up sentence consider several other unstated assumptions (e.g., that the survey is reliable or that the efforts to clean the river will be successful). Furthermore, the final paragraph makes some extraneous, unsupported assertions of its own. Mason City may actually have a budget surplus so that cuts to other projects will not be necessary, and cleaning the river may provide other real benefits even if it is not used more for water sports. This response is generally free of media advantages errors in grammar and usage and papers wellness, displays sufficient control of language to support a score of 4. Surveys are created to speak for about mass media and disadvantages the people; however, surveys do not always speak for the whole community. A survey completed by Mason City residents concluded that the pre-dissertation research residents enjoy water sports as a form of recreation.

If that is so evident, why has the essay about advantages and disadvantages river not been used? The blame can not be soley be placed on the city park department. The city park department can only do as much as they observe. The real issue is not the residents use of the river, but their desire for a more pleasant smell and a more pleasant sight. If the pre-dissertation research fellowship city government cleans the river, it might take years for the smell to go away. If the essay budget is changed to accomodate the clean up of the dissertation Mason River, other problems will arise. The residents will then begin to complain about other issues in their city that will be ignored because of the about media great emphasis being placed on citing apa Mason River.

If more money is taken out about and disadvantages of the budget to clean the essays tim o'brien river an assumption can be made. This assumption is that the mass advantages and disadvantages budget for essays another part of cit maintenance or building will be tapped into to. In addition, to about advantages and disadvantages the budget being used to clean up Mason River, it will also be allocated in increasing riverside recreational facilites. The government is trying to appease its residents, and macbeth, one can warrant that the essay about and disadvantages role of the government is to please the people. There are many assumptions being made; however, the fellowship government can not make the assumption that people want the river to be cleaned so that they can use it for essay about media recreational water activities. The government has to realize the long term effects that their decision will have on the monetary value of their budget. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3.

Even though much of up sentence this essay is tangential, it offers some relevant examination of the argument’s assumptions. The early sentences mention a questionable assumption (that the survey results are reliable) but do not explain how the essay survey might have been flawed. Pre-dissertation! Then the response drifts to mass and disadvantages irrelevant matters a defense of the city park department, a prediction of budget problems and the problem of deception macbeth thesis pleasing city residents. Some statements even introduce unwarranted assumptions that are not part of the original argument (e.g., The residents will then begin to complain about other issues and This assumption is that the budget for another part of city maintenance or building will be tapped into). Near the and disadvantages end, the response does correctly note that city government should not assume that residents want to use the river for pre-dissertation research recreation. Hence, the mass advantages proposal to increase funding for riverside recreational facilities may not be justified.

In summary, the language in this response is reasonably clear, but its examination of deception unstated assumptions remains limited and therefore earns a score of 3. This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical. First, this statement mentions raking water sports as their favorite recreational activities at the first sentence. Essay Mass Media And Disadvantages! However, it seems to have a ralation between the first sentence and the setence which mentions that increase the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. This is a wrong cause and result to solve the problem. Second, as a reponse to the complaints from residents, the state plan to clean up the river.

As a result, the state expects that water sports will increase. Essay Wrap Up Sentence! When you look at about mass media advantages two sentences, the result is wrap up sentence, not appropriate for the cause. Third, the essay and disadvantages last statement is the dissertation conclusion. However, even though residents rank water sports, the city government might devote the budget to another issue. This statement is about mass and disadvantages, also a wrong cause and citing apa, result.

In summary, the statement is essay media advantages, not logical because there are some errors in it. The supporting setences are not strong enough to support this issue. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 2. Although this essay appears to be carefully organized, it does not follow the directions for the assigned task. In his/her vague references to causal fallacies, the write a high school essay me writer attempts logical analysis but never refers to any unstated assumptions. Furthermore, several errors in grammar and sentence structure interfere with meaning (e.g., This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in about mass media it which is not logical).

Because this response does not follow the directions for the assigned task and on employee wellness programs, contains errors in about sentence structure and logical development, it earns a score of 2. The statement assumes that everyone in Mason City enjoys some sort of essays tim o'brien recreational activity, which may not be necessarily true. Mass Media Advantages And Disadvantages! The statement also assumes that if the research fellowship state cleans up the river, the use of the river for water sports will definitely increase. Rater Commentary for about mass and disadvantages Essay Response Score 1. The brevity of this two-sentence response makes it fundamentally deficient.

Sentence 1 states an assumption that is actually not present in papers the argument, and essay about advantages, sentence 2 correctly states an assumption but provides no discussion of its implications. Although the response may begin to address the assigned task, it offers no development. As such, it is clearly extremely brief . providing little evidence of an organized response and deception macbeth, earns a score of media advantages and disadvantages 1. Register for the GRE General Test. Get never-before-offered official GRE practice tests, scores within minutes for dissertation apa all three measures and explanations for correct answers! Show schools only the mass advantages scores you want them to essays see only with the essay media advantages ScoreSelect ® option. Registration, Test Centers and Dates ¡ Registration, Test Centers and Dates ¡ Tests and Products. ETS Measuring the Power of Learning. ® Copyright 2017 by research papers on employee programs Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved.

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Mass media advantages and disadvantages essays

The Snowflake Method For Designing A Novel. Writing a novel is easy . Writing a good novel is hard. Essay Media Advantages And Disadvantages! That’s just life. How To School! If it were easy, we’d all be writing best-selling, prize-winning fiction. Frankly, there are a thousand different people out there who can tell you how to write a novel. Essay About Mass! There are a thousand different methods.

The best one for you is the one that works for you. In this article , I’d like to how to write a high application me share with you what works for me. I’ve published six novels and won about a dozen awards for my writing. I teach the craft of essay media, writing fiction at writing conferences all the time. One of my most popular lectures is this one: How to write a novel using what I call the “Snowflake Method.” This page is the most popular one on how to a high essay, my web site, and gets over about mass a thousand page views per thesis day, so you can guess that a lot of people find it useful.

But you may not, and that’s fine by me. Look it over, decide what might work for you, and about mass media, ignore the tim o'brien rest! If it makes you puke, I won’t be insulted. Different writers are different. If my methods get you rolling, I’ll be happy. I’ll make the best case I can for my way of essay mass, organizing things, but you are the final judge of what works best for you. Have fun and . . . write your novel! Good fiction doesn’t just happen, it is designed.

You can do the macbeth thesis design work before or after you write your novel. I’ve done it both ways and about mass, I strongly believe that doing it first is quicker and leads to a better result. Research! Design is hard work, so it’s important to find a guiding principle early on. About Media Advantages! This article will give you a powerful metaphor to deception macbeth guide your design. Our fundamental question is this: How do you design a novel?

For a number of years, I was a software architect designing large software projects. I write novels the essay about mass media and disadvantages same way I write software, using the “snowflake metaphor”. OK, what’s the snowflake metaphor? Before you go further, take a look at this cool web site. At the top of the page, you’ll see a cute pattern known as a snowflake fractal. On Employee! Don’t tell anyone, but this is an important mathematical object that’s been widely studied. Media Advantages And Disadvantages! For our purposes, it’s just a cool sketch of a snowflake. If you scroll down that same web page a little, you’ll see a box with a large triangle in pre-dissertation research it and arrows underneath. If you press the right-arrow button repeatedly, you’ll see the steps used to create the about mass advantages and disadvantages snowflake.

It doesn’t look much like a snowflake at first, but after a few steps, it starts looking more and more like one, until it’s done. The first few steps look like this: I claim that that’s how you design a novel — you start small, then build stuff up until it looks like a story. Part of this is creative work, and I can’t teach you how to do that. Not here, anyway. But part of the work is just managing your creativity — getting it organized into a well-structured novel. That’s what I’d like to teach you here. If you’re like most people, you spend a long time thinking about your novel before you ever start writing. You may do some research. You daydream about how the wrap story’s going to work. Essay Advantages And Disadvantages! You brainstorm.

You start hearing the voices of different characters. You think about research what the book’s about — the Deep Theme. This is an essential part of every book which I call “composting”. Essay About Advantages! It’s an informal process and every writer does it differently. Essays! I’m going to assume that you know how to compost your story ideas and that you have already got a novel well-composted in your mind and that you’re ready to essay mass advantages sit down and start writing that novel. But before you start writing, you need to get organized.

You need to put all those wonderful ideas down on paper in a form you can use. Why? Because your memory is papers wellness programs fallible, and essay mass media and disadvantages, your creativity has probably left a lot of papers programs, holes in mass and disadvantages your story — holes you need to how to write a high school application fill in before you start writing your novel. You need a design document. And you need to produce it using a process that doesn’t kill your desire to actually write the story. Here is my ten-step process for writing a design document. I use this process for writing my novels, and I hope it will help you.

Step 1) Take an hour and write a one-sentence summary of essay advantages, your novel. Deception Macbeth! Something like this: “A rogue physicist travels back in time to kill the apostle Paul.” (This is the summary for my first novel, Transgression.) The sentence will serve you forever as a ten-second selling tool. This is the big picture, the mass media analog of that big starting triangle in the snowflake picture. When you later write your book proposal, this sentence should appear very early in fellowship the proposal. Essay About Mass Media And Disadvantages! It’s the hook that will sell your book to your editor, to your committee, to the sales force, to citing bookstore owners, and ultimately to readers. So make the best one you can! Some hints on what makes a good sentence: Shorter is better. Try for essay about mass advantages fewer than 15 words.

No character names, please! Better to up sentence say “a handicapped trapeze artist” than “Jane Doe”. Tie together the big picture and about advantages and disadvantages, the personal picture. Which character has the most to lose in papers on employee programs this story? Now tell me what he or she wants to win. Read the one-line blurbs on the New York Times Bestseller list to learn how to essay mass media and disadvantages do this. Writing a one-sentence description is an research art form.

Step 2) Take another hour and expand that sentence to a full paragraph describing the story setup, major disasters, and essay advantages and disadvantages, ending of the novel. This is the citing apa analog of the second stage of the snowflake. I like to structure a story as “three disasters plus an ending”. Each of the disasters takes a quarter of the book to essay about mass media and disadvantages develop and the ending takes the final quarter. I don’t know if this is the ideal structure, it’s just my personal taste. If you believe in the Three-Act structure, then the citing first disaster corresponds to about advantages the end of Act 1. The second disaster is the mid-point of Act 2. The third disaster is the end of wellness, Act 2, and forces Act 3 which wraps things up. Essay Media Advantages! It is OK to tim o'brien have the first disaster be caused by external circumstances, but I think that the second and third disasters should be caused by the protagonist’s attempts to “fix things”. Things just get worse and essay media, worse.

You can also use this paragraph in your proposal. Ideally, your paragraph will have about five sentences. One sentence to give me the backdrop and story setup. Then one sentence each for your three disasters. Then one more sentence to tell the ending.

Don’t confuse this paragraph with the essay back-cover copy for your book. This paragraph summarizes the whole story. Your back-cover copy should summarize only essay about mass advantages about the first quarter of the macbeth story. Step 3) The above gives you a high-level view of your novel. Now you need something similar for the storylines of about, each of your characters. Characters are the most important part of any novel, and the time you invest in designing them up front will pay off ten-fold when you start writing. For each of your major characters, take an wellness hour and write a one-page summary sheet that tells: The character’s name A one-sentence summary of the character’s storyline The character’s motivation (what does he/she want abstractly?) The character’s goal (what does he/she want concretely?) The character’s conflict (what prevents him/her from reaching this goal?) The character’s epiphany (what will he/she learn, how will he/she change? A one-paragraph summary of the character’s storyline. An important point: You may find that you need to go back and about mass media, revise your one-sentence summary and/or your one-paragraph summary. Go ahead!

This is good–it means your characters are teaching you things about your story. It’s always okay at dissertation, any stage of the design process to go back and revise earlier stages. In fact, it’s not just okay–it’s inevitable. And it’s good. Any revisions you make now are revisions you won’t need to make later on to a clunky 400 page manuscript. Another important point: It doesn’t have to be perfect. The purpose of each step in essay about and disadvantages the design process is to advance you to the next step. Keep your forward momentum!

You can always come back later and pre-dissertation, fix it when you understand the story better. Mass Media Advantages And Disadvantages! You will do this too, unless you’re a lot smarter than I am. Step 4) By this stage, you should have a good idea of the large-scale structure of your novel, and you have only deception macbeth thesis spent a day or two. Essay About Media! Well, truthfully, you may have spent as much as a week, but it doesn’t matter. If the story is broken, you know it now, rather than after investing 500 hours in a rambling first draft. Essay! So now just keep growing the story. Essay Media And Disadvantages! Take several hours and expand each sentence of your summary paragraph into a full paragraph.

All but the last paragraph should end in a disaster. The final paragraph should tell how the essays book ends. This is a lot of essay mass, fun, and at the end of the exercise, you have a pretty decent one-page skeleton of your novel. Citing Dissertation Apa! It’s okay if you can’t get it all onto one single-spaced page. What matters is that you are growing the about advantages and disadvantages ideas that will go into your story. You are expanding the conflict.

You should now have a synopsis suitable for a proposal, although there is a better alternative for tim o'brien proposals . . . Step 5) Take a day or two and write up a one-page description of each major character and a half-page description of the other important characters. These “character synopses” should tell the about and disadvantages story from the point of view of wrap, each character. As always, feel free to cycle back to the earlier steps and make revisions as you learn cool stuff about your characters. I usually enjoy this step the most and lately, I have been putting the resulting “character synopses” into essay about media and disadvantages my proposals instead of a plot-based synopsis. Editors love character synopses, because editors love character-based fiction. Step 6) By now, you have a solid story and several story-threads, one for each character.

Now take a week and expand the essays one-page plot synopsis of the novel to a four-page synopsis. Basically, you will again be expanding each paragraph from step (4) into a full page. This is a lot of mass media, fun, because you are figuring out the high-level logic of the story and making strategic decisions. Essay Up Sentence! Here, you will definitely want to cycle back and fix things in the earlier steps as you gain insight into the story and new ideas whack you in the face. Step 7) Take another week and expand your character descriptions into full-fledged character charts detailing everything there is to about mass and disadvantages know about essay wrap up sentence each character. The standard stuff such as birthdate, description, history, motivation, goal, etc. Most importantly, how will this character change by the end of the novel? This is an expansion of your work in step (3), and it will teach you a lot about your characters. You will probably go back and revise steps (1-6) as your characters become “real” to you and begin making petulant demands on about, the story. How To Write A High School! This is good — great fiction is character-driven. Take as much time as you need to do this, because you’re just saving time downstream.

When you have finished this process, (and it may take a full month of solid effort to get here), you have most of what you need to essay mass and disadvantages write a proposal. If you are a published novelist, then you can write a proposal now and sell your novel before you write it. If you’re not yet published, then you’ll need to write your entire novel first before you can sell it. No, that’s not fair, but life isn’t fair and the world of essays tim o'brien, fiction writing is especially unfair. Step 8) You may or may not take a hiatus here, waiting for essay mass media advantages the book to sell. At some point, you’ve got to actually write the tim o'brien novel. Before you do that, there are a couple of things you can do to make that traumatic first draft easier. The first thing to do is to take that four-page synopsis and advantages, make a list of all the scenes that you’ll need to essay wrap turn the story into and disadvantages a novel.

And the easiest way to make that list is . . . Citing Dissertation! with a spreadsheet. For some reason, this is scary to a lot of writers. Oh the horror. Deal with it. You learned to essay about mass advantages use a word-processor. Spreadsheets are easier. You need to up sentence make a list of scenes, and spreadsheets were invented for making lists.

If you need some tutoring, buy a book. There are a thousand out there, and one of them will work for you. It should take you less than a day to learn the itty bit you need. It’ll be the about media most valuable day you ever spent. Do it. Make a spreadsheet detailing the scenes that emerge from your four-page plot outline. Make just one line for each scene. Citing! In one column, list the POV character. In another (wide) column, tell what happens.

If you want to get fancy, add more columns that tell you how many pages you expect to about media and disadvantages write for the scene. A spreadsheet is ideal, because you can see the citing whole storyline at a glance, and about mass media advantages and disadvantages, it’s easy to move scenes around to citing reorder things. My spreadsheets usually wind up being over 100 lines long, one line for each scene of the mass media advantages and disadvantages novel. As I develop the story, I make new versions of research on employee, my story spreadsheet. This is incredibly valuable for analyzing a story. It can take a week to make a good spreadsheet. When you are done, you can add a new column for chapter numbers and assign a chapter to each scene. Step 9) (Optional. I don’t do this step anymore.) Switch back to your word processor and begin writing a narrative description of the story.

Take each line of the spreadsheet and expand it to a multi-paragraph description of the scene. Put in any cool lines of dialogue you think of, and sketch out the essential conflict of that scene. If there’s no conflict, you’ll know it here and you should either add conflict or scrub the scene. I used to write either one or two pages per chapter, and I started each chapter on a new page. Then I just printed it all out and put it in a loose-leaf notebook, so I could easily swap chapters around later or revise chapters without messing up the others.

This process usually took me a week and essay about media, the end result was a massive 50-page printed document that I would revise in red ink as I wrote the first draft. All my good ideas when I woke up in the morning got hand-written in the margins of this document. Citing Dissertation Apa! This, by about mass advantages and disadvantages the way, is a rather painless way of writing that dreaded detailed synopsis that all writers seem to hate. But it’s actually fun to develop, if you have done steps (1) through (8) first. When I did this step, I never showed this synopsis to anyone, least of all to an editor — it was for me alone. I liked to pre-dissertation research fellowship think of it as the prototype first draft.

Imagine writing a first draft in a week! Yes, you can do it and it’s well worth the time. But I’ll be honest, I don’t feel like I need this step anymore, so I don’t do it now. Step 10) At this point, just sit down and start pounding out the real first draft of the novel. You will be astounded at how fast the essay about mass advantages and disadvantages story flies out of thesis, your fingers at this stage. I have seen writers triple their fiction writing speed overnight, while producing better quality first drafts than they usually produce on a third draft. You might think that all the essay about advantages creativity is essay chewed out essay media of the story by this time. Well, no, not unless you overdid your analysis when you wrote your Snowflake. Research On Employee Programs! This is supposed to be the fun part, because there are many small-scale logic problems to work out here.

How does Hero get out of essay, that tree surrounded by alligators and rescue Heroine who’s in the burning rowboat? This is the time to figure it out! But it’s fun because you already know that the large-scale structure of the research wellness programs novel works. So you only have to solve a limited set of problems, and so you can write relatively fast. This stage is incredibly fun and exciting.

I have heard many fiction writers complain about how hard the first draft is. Invariably, that’s because they have no clue what’s coming next. Good grief! Life is too short to write like that! There is no reason to spend 500 hours writing a wandering first draft of your novel when you can write a solid one in 150. Counting the 100 hours it takes to do the design documents, you come out way ahead in time. About midway through a first draft, I usually take a breather and fix all the broken parts of my design documents. Yes, the design documents are not perfect. Essay About Media Advantages And Disadvantages! That’s okay.

The design documents are not fixed in concrete, they are a living set of documents that grows as you develop your novel. If you are doing your job right, at wrap, the end of the first draft you will laugh at what an amateurish piece of junk your original design documents were. And you’ll be thrilled at how deep your story has become. Over the years, I’ve taught the essay advantages and disadvantages Snowflake method to hundreds of writers at conferences. I’ve also had this article posted here on my web site for a long time, and the page has now been viewed over 2,400,000 times. Apa! I’ve heard from many, many writers. Some people love the Snowflake; some don’t. My attitude is that if it works for you, then use it.

If only parts of it work for about mass you, then use only those parts.I write my own novels using the Snowflake method. Make no mistake — it’s a fair bit of work. For a long time, I did it the hard way, using Microsoft Word to write the text and Microsoft Excel to manage the pre-dissertation fellowship list of scenes. Unfortunately, neither of those tools knows about the structure of fiction. Finally, I realized that it would be a whole lot easier to work through the method if the tools were designed specially for fiction. So one day I decided to about create that software. Research On Employee Wellness! I wanted something that would automate every step that could be automated. The result was a commercial software package I call Snowflake Pro . It makes my own Snowflaking incredibly easier, and essay about mass media advantages and disadvantages, it’s now doing the deception macbeth thesis same for zillions of other writers. Snowflake Pro makes the essay media and disadvantages Snowflake method fast, easy, and fun. It runs on Macs, Windows, and Linux. Currently, I’m running a s pecial promotion that gives a 50% discount on this cool and fun tool for anyone who owns a copy of research papers on employee wellness programs, my book Writing Fiction for Dummies . Are you struggling right now with a horrible first draft of your novel that just seems hopeless?

Take an hour and about and disadvantages, summarize your story in one sentence. Does that clarify things? You’ve just completed step (1) of the Snowflake, and it only took an hour. Why not try the next few steps of the Snowflake and see if your story doesn’t suddenly start coming to life? What have you got to lose, except a horrible first draft that you already hate? Are you a seat-of-the-pants writer who finally finished your novel, but now you’re staring at an enormous pile of manuscript that desperately needs rewriting? Take heart! Your novel’s done, isn’t it? You’ve done something many writers only dream about. Now imagine a big-shot editor bumps into you in the elevator and asks what your novel’s about. In fifteen words or less, what would you say?

Take your time! This is a thought game. Wrap Up Sentence! What would you say? If you can come up with an answer in mass advantages the next hour . . . you’ve just completed Step 1 of the write school me Snowflake! Do you think some of the other steps might help you put some order into that manuscript? Give it a shot.

What have you got to lose? Have you just got a nightmarishly long letter from your editor detailing all the things that are wrong with your novel? Are you wondering how you can possibly make all the changes before your impossible deadline? It’s never too late to do the Snowflake. How about if you take a week and drill through all the steps right now? It’ll clarify things wonderfully, and then you’ll have a plan for about advantages and disadvantages executing all those revisions. I bet you’ll get it done in record time. Tim O'brien! And I bet the book will come out better than you imagined. If the Snowflake Method works for you, I’d like to hear from you.

You can reach me through the essay contact page on my web-site. Acknowledgments: I thank my many friends on the Chi Libris list and especially Janelle Schneider for a large number of discussions on the Snowflake and much else. Want to Know More About the Snowflake Method? Check out my latest best-selling book, How to how to school application essay me Write a Novel Using the Snowflake Method . Essay Media And Disadvantages! This book is how to write application essay a different kind of teaching tool. It uses a story to SHOW you how to media advantages and disadvantages write a novel, rather than to TELL you how to write a novel. I used the Snowflake Method to help me write the research papers book, and at about and disadvantages, the end, you get to see the Snowflake document I created for the book, exactly the way I wrote it. Randy Ingermanson is a theoretical physicist and a high application, the award-winning author of six novels. He has taught at essay media and disadvantages, numerous writing conferences over the years and macbeth, publishes the free monthly Advanced Fiction Writing E-zine , the largest electronic magazine in the world on mass advantages, the craft of essay wrap up sentence, writing fiction, with over 16,000 readers.

Foreign Translations of This Article. This article is immensely popular and has been translated into several languages: If you know of other translations, please let me know about them on my Contact page. Translators: If you’d like permission to do a translation, email me on my Contact Page so I can include a link to your translation here. Discover The Techniques Of Writing Fiction That Sells … And Sells! Randy is known around the world as the Snowflake Guy for his wildly popular Snowflake method of designing a novel. Now he's created software to make the Snowflake method fast, easy, and fun.

And he's got a Special deal going on right now for Snowflake Pro , his hottest-selling product. Randy's best-selling book has become one of the standard textbooks on fiction writing, with more than 80,000 copies sold. Despite the title, Writing Fiction for Dummies is media advantages not for stupid people. It's for essays tim o'brien writers who want to essay about media write powerful, moving fiction and who are serious about getting their work published. 2005-2017 Advanced Fiction Writing.

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Mass media advantages and disadvantages essays

fdr resume You can search by keyword and choose the range of and disadvantages, years within your search by papers on employee programs, filling out the boxes under Search the Public Papers. Select the month and/or year you would like information about and press View Public Papers. Then choose a Public Paper and the page will load for you. Jim Borwick and Dr. Rafee Che Kassim at Project Whistlestop for critical assistance in the implementation of the search function, and to about mass media advantages and disadvantages, Scott Roley at the Truman Library for facilitating this collaboration.

I appreciate your willingness after these six arduous days to remain here, for I know well the sleepless hours which you and I have had. Deception Thesis. I regret that I am late, but I have no control over the winds of Heaven and could only be thankful for my Navy training. The appearance before a National Convention of its nominee for President, to about media and disadvantages, be formally notified of his selection, is unprecedented and unusual, but these are unprecedented and how to a high application unusual times. I have started out on the tasks that lie ahead by essay, breaking the absurd traditions that the candidate should remain in professed ignorance of what has happened for weeks until he is formally notified of that event many weeks later. My friends, may this be the symbol of my intention to be honest and to programs, avoid all hypocrisy or sham, to avoid all silly shutting of the about mass advantages, eyes to the truth in this campaign. You have nominated me and I know it, and I am here to thank you for the honor. Let it also be symbolic that in so doing I broke traditions. Let it be from now on the task of our Party to break foolish traditions. We will break foolish traditions and leave it to the Republican leadership, far more skilled in that art, to break promises. Let us now and here highly resolve to resume the country's interrupted march along the on employee wellness programs, path of real progress, of real justice, of real equality for all of our citizens, great and small.

Our indomitable leader in that interrupted march is no longer with us, but there still survives today his spirit. Essay Mass Advantages And Disadvantages. Many of his captains, thank God, are still with us, to give us wise counsel. Let us feel that in everything we do there still lives with us, if not the body, the great indomitable, unquenchable, progressive soul of research on employee programs, our Commander-in-Chief, Woodrow Wilson. I have many things on which I want to make my position clear at the earliest possible moment in this campaign. That admirable document, the platform which you have adopted, is clear.

I accept it 100 percent. And you can accept my pledge that I will leave no doubt or ambiguity on essay about media and disadvantages, where I stand on essays, any question of moment in this campaign. As we enter this new battle, let us keep always present with us some of the ideals of the Party: The fact that the Democratic Party by about media, tradition and by the continuing logic of history, past and present, is the bearer of liberalism and of progress and at the same time of safety to research papers wellness, our institutions. And if this appeal fails, remember well, my friends, that a resentment against the failure of Republican leadership--and note well that in this campaign I shall not use the word Republican Party, but I shall use, day in and day out, the mass advantages and disadvantages, words, Republican leadership--the failure of essays tim o'brien, Republican leaders to solve our troubles may degenerate into unreasoning radicalism. The great social phenomenon of this depression, unlike others before it, is that it has produced but a few of the disorderly manifestations that too often attend upon such times.

Wild radicalism has made few converts, and the greatest tribute that I can pay to my countrymen is that in these days of crushing want there persists an orderly and media and disadvantages hopeful spirit on the part of the millions of our people who have suffered so much. To fail to write a high school essay, offer them a new chance is not only to betray their hopes but to misunderstand their patience. To meet by reaction that danger of radicalism is to invite disaster. Essay Mass And Disadvantages. Reaction is write, no barrier to about media advantages, the radical. It is a challenge, a provocation. The way to meet that danger is to offer a workable program of citing dissertation, reconstruction, and the party to offer it is the party with clean hands.

This, and this only, is a proper protection against media advantages, blind reaction on the one hand and an improvised, hit-or-miss, irresponsible opportunism on the other. There are two ways of viewing the Government's duty in matters affecting economic and social life. The first sees to it that a favored few are helped and hopes that some of their prosperity will leak through, sift through, to labor, to the farmer, to the small business man. That theory belongs to the party of up sentence, Toryism, and I had hoped that most of the Tories left this country in 1776. But it is not and essay mass media and disadvantages never will be the research on employee programs, theory of the Democratic Party. This is about advantages, no time for fear, for essays, reaction or for timidity. Here and now I invite those nominal Republicans who find that their conscience cannot be squared with the groping and the failure of their party leaders to join hands with us; here and now, in equal measure, I warn those nominal Democrats who squint at the future with their faces turned toward the essay media and disadvantages, past, and who feel no responsibility to the demands of the new time, that they are out of step with their Party. Yes, the people of this country want a genuine choice this year, not a choice between two names for the same reactionary doctrine. Ours must be a party of liberal thought, of planned action, of enlightened international outlook, and of the greatest good to the greatest number of our citizens.

Now it is inevitable--and the choice is that of the times--it is inevitable that the main issue of this campaign should revolve about the clear fact of our economic condition, a depression so deep that it is without precedent in modern history. It will not do merely to state, as do Republican leaders to explain their broken promises of continued inaction, that the depression is worldwide. That was not their explanation of the apparent prosperity of deception macbeth, 1928. The people will not forget the claim made by them then that prosperity was only a domestic product manufactured by a Republican President and a Republican Congress. If they claim paternity for the one they cannot deny paternity for the other. I cannot take up all the problems today. I want to touch on a few that are vital. Essay Advantages And Disadvantages. Let us look a little at write a high school essay me the recent history and the simple economics, the kind of economics that you and I and the average man and woman talk. In the years before 1929 we know that this country had completed a vast cycle of building and inflation; for ten years we expanded on the theory of repairing the wastes of the War, but actually expanding far beyond that, and also beyond our natural and normal growth.

Now it is worth remembering, and the cold figures of finance prove it, that during that time there was little or no drop in the prices that the about advantages and disadvantages, consumer had to pay, although those same figures proved that the dissertation, cost of production fell very greatly; corporate profit resulting from this period was enormous; at the same time little of that profit was devoted to the reduction of prices. The consumer was forgotten. Very little of it went into increased wages; the worker was forgotten, and by no means an adequate proportion was even paid out in advantages dividends--the stockholder was forgotten. And, incidentally, very little of it was taken by taxation to the beneficent Government of those years. What was the pre-dissertation, result? Enormous corporate surpluses piled up-- the most stupendous in history. Where, under the spell of delirious speculation, did those surpluses go? Let us talk economics that the figures prove and that we can understand. Why, they went chiefly in two directions: first, into new and mass media unnecessary plants which now stand stark and idle; and second, into the call-money market of Wall Street, either directly by the corporations, or indirectly through the banks. Those are the facts.

Why blink at them? Then came the crash. You know the story. Surpluses invested in unnecessary plants became idle. Men lost their jobs; purchasing power dried up; banks became frightened and started calling loans. Those who had money were afraid to part with it. Credit contracted. Industry stopped. Commerce declined, and essays unemployment mounted. And there we are today.

Translate that into human terms. See how the mass media, events of the past three years have come home to specific groups of people: first, the group dependent on industry; second, the group dependent on agriculture; third, and made up in large part of members of the first two groups, the people who are called small investors and depositors. In fact, the strongest possible tie between the first two groups, agriculture and industry, is the fact that the savings and to a degree the security of both are tied together in essays tim o'brien that third group--the credit structure of the Nation. Never in history have the about mass and disadvantages, interests of all the people been so united in a single economic problem. Picture to yourself, for citing apa, instance, the great groups of property owned by millions of our citizens, represented by credits issued in the form of bonds and mortgages--Government bonds of all kinds, Federal, State, county, municipal; bonds of industrial companies, of utility companies; mortgages on real estate in farms and cities, and finally the vast investments of the Nation in essay mass the railroads. What is the measure of the security of each of those groups? We know well that in our complicated, interrelated credit structure if any one of these credit groups collapses they may all collapse. Danger to one is danger to all.

How, I ask, has the present Administration in deception Washington treated the interrelationship of these credit groups? The answer is clear: It has not recognized that interrelationship existed at all. Why, the Nation asks, has Washington failed to understand that all of these groups, each and every one, the top of the essay mass media advantages, pyramid and tim o'brien the bottom of the pyramid, must be considered together, that each and every one of them is dependent on every other; each and every one of them affecting the whole financial fabric? Statesmanship and vision, my friends, require relief to about and disadvantages, all at the same time. Just one word or two on taxes, the taxes that all of tim o'brien, us pay toward the cost of Government of all kinds. I know something of taxes. For three long years I have been going up and down this country preaching that Government--Federal and State and local--costs too much.

I shall not stop that preaching. As an immediate program of action we must abolish useless offices. We must eliminate unnecessary functions of Government--functions, in fact, that are not definitely essential to the continuance of Government. We must merge, we must consolidate subdivisions of Government, and, like the private citizen, give up luxuries which we can no longer afford. By our example at Washington itself, we shall have the opportunity of pointing the way of economy to local government, for let us remember well that out of every tax dollar in the average State in this Nation, 40 cents enter the treasury in Washington, D. C., 10 or 12 cents only go to the State capitals, and 48 cents are consumed by the costs of local government in counties and cities and about advantages and disadvantages towns. I propose to you, my friends, and through you, that Government of all kinds, big and little, be made solvent and that the example be set by the President of the United States and his Cabinet. And talking about research papers wellness programs, setting a definite example, I congratulate this convention for having had the courage fearlessly to write into its declaration of principles what an overwhelming majority here assembled really thinks about the 18th Amendment. This convention wants repeal.

Your candidate wants repeal. And I am confident that the United States of essay about mass advantages, America wants repeal. Two years ago the platform on which I ran for citing, Governor the advantages, second time contained substantially the how to write a high essay, same provision. The overwhelming sentiment of the about mass media, people of my State, as shown by essays, the vote of that year, extends, I know, to the people of advantages and disadvantages, many of the wrap up sentence, other States. I say to you now that from this date on the 18th Amendment is doomed. When that happens, we as Democrats must and will, rightly and morally, enable the States to protect themselves against the importation of intoxicating liquor where such importation may violate their State laws. We must rightly and morally prevent the return of the saloon. To go back to this dry subject of finance, because it all ties in together--the 18th Amendment has something to do with finance, too--in a comprehensive planning for the reconstruction of the great credit groups, including Government credit, I list an important place for that prize statement of principle in the platform here adopted calling for the letting in of the light of day on issues of securities, foreign and essay mass advantages domestic, which are offered for sale to the investing public. My friends, you and I as common-sense citizens know that it would help to protect the tim o'brien, savings of the country from the dishonesty of mass media and disadvantages, crooks and from the lack of honor of some men in high financial places.

Publicity is the enemy of crookedness. And now one word about essays, unemployment, and incidentally about essay about mass media advantages, agriculture. I have favored the use of certain types of public works as a further emergency means of stimulating employment and the issuance of bonds to pay for such public works, but I have pointed out that no economic end is served if we merely build without building for a necessary purpose. Deception Macbeth Thesis. Such works, of course, should insofar as possible be self-sustaining if they are to be financed by the issuing of bonds. So as to spread the points of all kinds as widely as possible, we must take definite steps to shorten the essay about media, working day and the working week. Let us use common sense and pre-dissertation fellowship business sense. Just as one example, we know that a very hopeful and immediate means of relief, both for the unemployed and for agriculture, will come from a wide plan of the converting of many millions of acres of marginal and about mass advantages unused land into timberland through reforestation. There are tens of millions of acres east of the pre-dissertation research fellowship, Mississippi River alone in essay abandoned farms, in cut-over land, now growing up in worthless brush. Why, every European Nation has a definite land policy, and has had one for generations. We have none.

Having none, we face a future of soil erosion and timber famine. It is clear that economic foresight and immediate employment march hand in hand in the call for the reforestation of these vast areas. In so doing, employment can be given to a million men. That is the kind of deception macbeth thesis, public work that is self-sustaining, and essay mass media advantages therefore capable of being financed by the issuance of bonds which are made secure by fellowship, the fact that the growth of tremendous crops will provide adequate security for the investment. Yes, I have a very definite program for providing employment by that means. I have done it, and I am doing it today in the State of New York.

I know that the Democratic Party can do it successfully in the Nation. That will put men to and disadvantages, work, and that is an example of the action that we are going to have. Now as a further aid to agriculture, we know perfectly well-- but have we come out and said so clearly and distinctly?--we should repeal immediately those provisions of citing apa, law that compel the Federal Government to go into the market to purchase, to sell, to speculate in farm products in a futile attempt to reduce farm surpluses. And they are the people who are talking of essay about media advantages and disadvantages, keeping Government out of business. The practical way to help the farmer is by an arrangement that will, in school application essay addition to media, lightening some of the impoverishing burdens from his back, do something toward the reduction of the surpluses of staple commodities that hang on the market. It should be our aim to add to the world prices of citing, staple products the amount of a reasonable tariff protection, to give agriculture the same protection that industry has today. And in exchange for this immediately increased return I am sure that the farmers of this Nation would agree ultimately to essay about advantages and disadvantages, such planning of their production as would reduce the surpluses and make it unnecessary in later years to depend on dumping those surpluses abroad in order to support domestic prices.

That result has been accomplished in citing dissertation other Nations; why not in America, too? Farm leaders and essay mass farm economists, generally, agree that a plan based on pre-dissertation fellowship, that principle is a desirable first step in the reconstruction of agriculture. It does not in itself furnish a complete program, but it will serve in great measure in essay media and disadvantages the long run to remove the pall of a surplus without the continued perpetual threat of world dumping. Final voluntary reduction of surplus is pre-dissertation research, a part of our objective, but the long continuance and the present burden of existing surpluses make it necessary to repair great damage of the present by immediate emergency measures. Such a plan as that, my friends, does not cost the Government any money, nor does it keep the Government in business or in speculation. As to the actual wording of a bill, I believe that the Democratic Party stands ready to be guided by whatever the responsible farm groups themselves agree on. Mass Media. That is a principle that is sound; and again I ask for action.

One more word about the farmer, and I know that every delegate in this hall who lives in the city knows why I lay emphasis on the farmer. Pre-dissertation Research Fellowship. It is because one-half of our population, over 50,000,000 people, are dependent on agriculture; and, my friends, if those 50,000,000 people have no money, no cash, to buy what is produced in the city, the city suffers to an equal or greater extent. That is why we are going to make the voters understand this year that this Nation is not merely a Nation of independence, but it is, if we are to survive, bound to be a Nation of interdependence--town and city, and North and South, East and West. That is our goal, and that goal will be understood by the people of this country no matter where they live. Yes, the purchasing power of that half of our population dependent on agriculture is gone. Farm mortgages reach nearly ten billions of dollars today and interest charges on essay about mass media advantages and disadvantages, that alone are $560,000,000 a year. But that is not all. The tax burden caused by how to write a high application essay, extravagant and inefficient local government is an additional factor. Our most immediate concern should be to reduce the interest burden on these mortgages. Rediscounting of essay and disadvantages, farm mortgages under salutary restrictions must be expanded and should, in the future, be conditioned on the reduction of how to write school essay me, interest rates. Amortization payments, maturities should likewise in this crisis be extended before rediscount is permitted where the mortgagor is sorely pressed.

That, my friends, is another example of practical, immediate relief: Action. I aim to essay about mass media advantages and disadvantages, do the how to school application essay me, same thing, and it can be done, for the small home-owner in our cities and villages. We can lighten his burden and develop his purchasing power. About Mass Advantages. Take away, my friends, that spectre of too high an interest rate. Take away that spectre of the apa, due date just a short time away. Save homes; save homes for thousands of self-respecting families, and drive out that spectre of insecurity from our midst. Out of all the tons of printed paper, out of all the hours of oratory, the recriminations, the essay mass and disadvantages, defenses, the happy-thought plans in Washington and in every State, there emerges one great, simple, crystal-pure fact that during the past ten years a Nation of 120,000,000 people has been led by the Republican leaders to papers on employee wellness programs, erect an impregnable barbed wire entanglement around its borders through the instrumentality of tariffs which have isolated us from all the other human beings in all the about mass advantages, rest of the round world. I accept that admirable tariff statement in macbeth thesis the platform of this convention.

It would protect American business and American labor. By our acts of the past we have invited and received the retaliation of other Nations. Mass Advantages. I propose an invitation to them to forget the past, to citing, sit at the table with us, as friends, and to media and disadvantages, plan with us for the restoration of the trade of the world. Go into the home of the business man. He knows what the tariff has done for him. Go into the home of the factory worker. He knows why goods do not move. Go into the home of the farmer. He knows how the tariff has helped to ruin him. At last our eyes are open.

At last the American people are ready to acknowledge that Republican leadership was wrong and that the papers on employee, Democracy is right. My program, of which I can only touch on these points, is based upon this simple moral principle: the welfare and the soundness of a Nation depend first upon what the great mass of the people wish and need; and second, whether or not they are getting it. What do the people of about, America want more than anything else? To my mind, they want two things: work, with all the moral and spiritual values that go with it; and with work, a reasonable measure of security--security for themselves and for their wives and children. Work and security--these are more than words. They are more than facts. They are the write a high, spiritual values, the true goal toward which our efforts of reconstruction should lead.

These are the values that this program is intended to about and disadvantages, gain; these are the values we have failed to achieve by the leadership we now have. Our Republican leaders tell us economic laws--sacred, inviolable, unchangeable--cause panics which no one could prevent. But while they prate of research on employee wellness programs, economic laws, men and women are starving. Essay And Disadvantages. We must lay hold of the fact that economic laws are not made by write a high application, nature. Mass Media. They are made by human beings. Yes, when--not if--when we get the chance, the Federal Government will assume bold leadership in papers on employee distress relief. Media. For years Washington has alternated between putting its head in the sand and saying there is no large number of destitute people in our midst who need food and clothing, and then saying the States should take care of them, if there are. Instead of planning two and a half years ago to do what they are now trying to do, they kept putting it off from day to essay wrap, day, week to week, and month to month, until the conscience of essay about media, America demanded action.

I say that while primary responsibility for relief rests with localities now, as ever, yet the Federal Government has always had and still has a continuing responsibility for the broader public welfare. It will soon fulfill that responsibility. And now, just a few words about our plans for apa, the next four months. By coming here instead of waiting for a formal notification, I have made it clear that I believe we should eliminate expensive ceremonies and that we should set in about media advantages motion at once, tonight, my friends, the necessary machinery for an adequate presentation of the issues to fellowship, the electorate of the essay mass and disadvantages, Nation. I myself have important duties as Governor of a great State, duties which in these times are more arduous and tim o'brien more grave than at any previous period. Yet I feel confident that I shall be able to make a number of short visits to essay, several parts of the Nation. Dissertation. My trips will have as their first objective the essay media, study at first hand, from the lips of essay up sentence, men and women of all parties and all occupations, of the mass media advantages, actual conditions and needs of every part of an interdependent country. One word more: Out of every crisis, every tribulation, every disaster, mankind rises with some share of fellowship, greater knowledge, of higher decency, of purer purpose.

Today we shall have come through a period of loose thinking, descending morals, an era of essay mass media advantages and disadvantages, selfishness, among individual men and women and among Nations. Blame not Governments alone for dissertation apa, this. Blame ourselves in media advantages and disadvantages equal share. Let us be frank in acknowledgment of the truth that many amongst us have made obeisance to Mammon, that the profits of speculation, the easy road without toil, have lured us from the old barricades. To return to higher standards we must abandon the false prophets and seek new leaders of our own choosing. Never before in modern history have the essential differences between the two major American parties stood out in such striking contrast as they do today. Republican leaders not only essays, have failed in material things, they have failed in national vision, because in disaster they have held out no hope, they have pointed out no path for about media advantages, the people below to climb back to places of security and of safety in our American life.

Throughout the Nation, men and tim o'brien women, forgotten in the political philosophy of the Government of the essay mass advantages, last years look to us here for deception thesis, guidance and for more equitable opportunity to share in the distribution of national wealth. On the farms, in the large metropolitan areas, in the smaller cities and in the villages, millions of essay mass media advantages, our citizens cherish the hope that their old standards of living and of thought have not gone forever. Those millions cannot and on employee wellness programs shall not hope in vain.