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Archetypal Analysis of #8220;Young Goodman Brown#8221; Many authors throughout history do not intend to incorporate archetypal symbols in university dissertations online, their stories, but from an archetypal critic’s point of view, it is evident that all of them do use these symbols. In the cats resume, short story “Young Goodman Brown”, written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, archetypal colors, characters, and garden imagery are evident and help the audience realize the theme, as Hawthorne writes, “’Evil is the nature of mankind’” (636). Archetypal colors are evident throughout the dissertations online, story “Young Goodman Brown. We will write a custom essay sample. on Archetypal Analysis of #8220;Young Goodman Brown#8221; or any similar. topic specifically for purdue center you. University Online! ” There are many colors used throughout the celebration, story, and some of the university dissertations online, important ones are brown, pink, and black. Brown is the most important color in this story. It is obvious that it is important, hence the title, “Young Goodman Brown. ” The color brown in this story symbolically represents the spiritual death of Goodman Brown. In the title, the word young symbolically means the person is of innocence. When young is put with the word goodman, it makes sense, but when the word brown is added, it creates a completely ironic name for persausive outsourcing a man. Brown, meaning spiritual death, cannot be attached to university dissertations goodman without creating irony. If a person is cats resume, classified as a goodman, he cannot be spiritually dead.
The color pink in this story symbolically represents the corruption of the flesh. Goodman Brown’s wife, Faith, has pink ribbons in her hair. This means that the faith of university dissertations online, her husband and herself, are corrupt and persausive essays on why is wrong, cannot be changed. As Faith and Goodman Brown are about to be conformed to the ways of Satanism, Goodman Brown says, “’Faith! Faith! […] look up to university dissertations online heaven, and resist the wicked one’” . Then later in the story, Hawthorne states, “he spied the head of Faith, with the pink ribbons” (636). The audience can infer that Faith did not look up to heaven when Goodman Brown told her to, because if she had done so, the cats resume, corruption of university online, her faith would have been reversed and her ribbons would have been white. The color black symbolically represents evil and death. The setting of the story mainly takes placeat night, which shows the audience that something terrible is to come in the near future. On Goodman Brown’s journey to the evil ceremony, he meets up with an older man. This man symbolically represents Satan. Center Thesis! Page 2 Archetypal Analysis of #8220;Young Goodman Brown#8221; Essay.
The elder man shows his evil ways and dissertations online, that he is Satan bysaying, “’it was I that brought your father a pitch-pine knot, kindled at cats resume my own hearth, to set fire to an Indian village’” (637). Dissertations! This man carried a staff with him, a staff that “bore the likeness of a great black snake” (637) Hawthorne writes. In A Research Paper! This black, snake-like staff symbolizes the tool he uses to lure people into his trap of worshipping him and shows that he is truly an evil man. Due to the darkness and blackness of the night, Goodman Brown is tricked to believe that the university, staff “must have been an ocular deception, assisted by cats resume, the uncertain light” as Hawthorne states. The color black in this story is university online, used to show the evil nature of all humans, and the darkness behind everyone’s soul. Essays On A! The colors brown, pink, and black are archetypal symbols that enhance the meaning behind this story. Throughout the story, archetypal characters are used to represent something much bigger than what they physically are. Goodman Brown’s wife, Faith, and Goodman Brown himself, are some of the characters that are seen to online be used in an allegorical way. Faith not only represents Brown’s wife, but also his religious Faith as a whole.
When Brown reached the purdue writing thesis, meeting point with the university dissertations, older man, the man says, “’you are late, Goodman Brown’” (626), and Brown replies with, “’Faith kept me back a while’” (626). When Goodman Brown says this, he not only means that his wife made him late by talking to him, but his spiritual Faith made him hesitant to finish his journey to the ceremony. This shows that his religious Faith was only strong enough to hold him back for a short period of time, not long enough for him to miss the ceremony. Cats Resume! This shows that Brown has weak Faith, and cannot keep himself away from the online, horrors to come. Goodman Brown is seen as an archetypal character because he not only represents himself, he represents all mankind. Brown experiences these things, whether a dream or real, to gain a type of celebration, knowledge that he will never forget. University Dissertations! Brown learns that, “’Evil is the nature of mankind’” (636), as Hawthorne writes, and that boon that he gains will remain with him forever. Purdue Writing Center Statements! When Brown gains this knowledge, it not only means that evil is in university online, his nature, but it is in writing center thesis, every man’s nature and university online, the only way to keep evil from empowering anyone’s mind, is with strong Faith.
Archetypal characters are used in this story to deepen the meaning and engage the audience to by jury essay dig deep into the characters and understand what they truly are. Throughout “Young Goodman Brown,” there are several cases where garden imagery is shown. By using garden imagery, Hawthorne directly relates Brown’s trials to that of university dissertations online, Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. Trial Essay! Both accounts take place in nature, or the garden, they are tempted by university, a serpent, gain knowledge, and suffer for them gaining that knowledge. In “Young Goodman Brown,” Brown leaves the comfort of Salem and travels into nature, where he is tempted by a man with a “staff, which bore the likeness of a great black snake” (627), as Hawthorne writes. The man tells Brown, “’Come, Goodman Brown,’ […] ‘Take my staff, if you are so soon weary’” (627). This same thing occurs in the Garden of Eden when Eve is tempted by the serpent to eat the forbidden fruit. After Brown is tempted and falls under the temptation, he gains knowledge that has an effect on every man in the world to outsourcing come.
He learns that deep inside every man, darkness and evil hide, even in the hearts of the most “righteous” men. In the Garden of Eden, Adam and Eve both gain the knowledge of university dissertations, sin and how they can do things for their own pleasure rather than for the grace of God. After Goodman Brown gains his knowledge, he will suffer. Brown understands that these people, who are thought to be righteous and holy, really are dark and evil people. Every time Goodman Brown hears the minister or Deacon Gookin sing the church hymns or preach their word, he understands the cats resume, things they are saying have a deep, evil meaning behind them. Brown cannot stand to have this knowledge and hates knowing that these people, who he himself looked at as holy, are dark, evil people. Adam and Eve also suffered in the Garden of Eden after falling to the temptation of the serpent.
When Eve ate from the forbidden fruit, sin came upon them and when they had children, they revolted against each other and eventually led to Cain slaying his brother Abel. Throughout “Young Goodman Brown,” it is evident that it is representing the trials and tribulations that Adam and Eve went through in the Garden of university online, Eden. Although Nathaniel Hawthorne did not intend to incorporate many of these archetypal symbols, as mythological and trial essay, archetypal critics, the audience can dig deep into those symbols to understand a deeper meaning to the story. Through the use of archetypal colors, allegorical characters, and dissertations online, garden imagery, the audience can better comprehend what Hawthorne is trial by jury essay, trying to describe. “’Evil is the nature of mankind’” (636), as Hawthorne writes, is the main theme that is evident to the audience after analyzing this story from an archetypal point of view.
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Primitivism, anarcho-primitivism and anti-civilisationism - criticism. Analysis and criticism of anarcho-primitivists, who are opposed to university technology. Some are also opposed to mass society, civilisation and language. The central tenet of primitivism, anarcho-primitivism and anti-civilisationism is the abolition of technology. For most people, arguing against this is completely unnecessary, since it is immediately obvious that it is a terrible idea. Even given the most cursory glance it is clear that abolishing technology would have devastating consequences for humankind and the planet. For starters, the 50%2 of the UK population who need glasses or contact lenses (which rises to on a 97% over the age of 653) would soon be left severely impaired. Tens of millions of people dependent on drug treatments for illnesses would quickly die. Radioactive nuclear waste needs to dissertations be monitored and celebration of pakistan day essays, controlled with high-tech equipment for dissertations online, tens of thousands of years.
Without it, even if buried deep underground, climate changes and tectonic plate movements will eventually cause it to leak out and essays hero's journey, wreak ecological devastation on the planet. University Online. This aside from the trial by jury all the other obviously unattractive prospects of this idea – no more books, recorded music, medical equipment, central heating, sewage systems. - means that almost everyone would reject this idea immediately. However, within and around anarchist circles these ideas do have some support, so this article will examine them in online more detail. Over the last decade a generalised critique of civilisation has been made by a number of celebration authors, mostly based in the USA. University Dissertations. Some of these have chosen to identify as anarchists although the more general self-identification is primitivist.
Their overall argument is that 'civilisation' (i.e. mass, technological society) itself is the problem that results in our failure to live rewarding lives. The struggle for change is thus a struggle against cats resume, civilisation and for dissertations, an earth where technology has been eliminated. This is an interesting argument that has some merits as an intellectual exercise. But the problem is that some of its adherents have used primitivism as a base from which to celebration of pakistan attack all other proposals for changing society. Facing this challenge anarchists need to first look to dissertations see if primitivism offers any sort of realistic alternative to the world as it is.
Our starting point is that the cats resume expression 'life is university, hard' can always receive the reply that 'it is better than the reference paper alternative'. This provides a good general test of all critiques of the world 'as it is', including anarchism - which is to ask if a better alternative is possible. Even if we can't point to the 'better alternative', criticisms of the world 'as it is' can have a certain intellectual value. Dissertations Online. But after the disaster of the 20th century when so-called alternatives like Leninism created long lasting dictatorships that killed millions, the question 'is your alternative any better then what exists?' has to be put to anyone advocating change. The primitivist critique of anarchism is based around the claim to have discovered a contradiction between liberty and mass society. In other words they see it as impossible for any society that involves groups much larger than a village to be a free society. If this was true it would make the anarchist proposal of a world of 'free federations of towns, cities and countryside' impossible. Such federations and of pakistan, population centres are obviously a form of university online mass society/civilisation. However the anarchist movement has been answering this very so-called contradiction since its origins. Back in the 19th century liberal defenders of the state pointed to cats resume such a contradiction in order to justify the need for one set of men to rule over another.
Anarchist-communist Mikhail Bakunin answered this in 1871 in his essay on 'The Paris Commune and the Idea of the State4. It is said that the harmony and universal solidarity of individuals with society can never be attained in practice because their interests, being antagonistic, can never be reconciled. To this objection I reply that if these interests have never as yet come to mutual accord, it was because the State has sacrificed the interests of the majority for the benefit of a privileged minority. That is why this famous incompatibility, this conflict of personal interests with those of society, is university online, nothing but a fraud, a political lie, born of the day essays theological lie which invented the online doctrine of original sin in order to dishonour man and destroy his self-respect. . We are convinced that all the wealth of man's intellectual, moral, and material development, as well as his apparent independence, is the product of page research his life in society.
Outside society, not only university would he not be a free man, he would not even become genuinely human, a being conscious of himself, the only being who thinks and by jury essay, speaks. Only the combination of intelligence and collective labour was able to force man out of that savage and university online, brutish state which constituted his original nature, or rather the starting point for his further development. We are profoundly convinced that the entire life of men - their interests, tendencies, needs, illusions, even stupidities, as well as every bit of violence, injustice, and seemingly voluntary activity – merely represent the result of cats resume inevitable societal forces. People cannot reject the idea of mutual independence, nor can they deny the dissertations reciprocal influence and uniformity exhibiting the manifestations of external nature. What level of of pakistan technology? Most primitivists evade the question of university online what level of page in a paper technology they wish to return to by hiding behind the claim that they are not arguing for a return to anything, on the contrary they want to university go forward. With that in mind a reasonable summary of their position is that certain technologies are acceptable up to the level of small village society sustained by hunting and gathering.
The problems for primitivists start with the development of agriculture and celebration, mass society. Of course civilisation (also rarely defined by primitivists) is a rather general term, as is technology. Few of these primitivists have taken this argument to its logical conclusion. One who has is John Zerzan (pictured, right) who identifies the root of the problem in the evolution of language and abstract thought. This is a logical end point for university, the primitivist rejection of by jury mass society. For the purposes of online this article I'm taking as a starting point that the form of future society that primitivists argue for would be broadly similar in technological terms to that which existed around 12,000 years ago on earth, at the dawn of the trial agricultural revolution. By this I do not claim that they want to 'go back', something that is in any case impossible.
But rather that if you seek to go forward by getting rid of university dissertations all the cats resume technology of the agricultural revolution and beyond what results will look quite like pre-agricultural society of university dissertations online 10,000 BC. As this is the only example we have of such a society in operation it seems reasonable to use it to evaluate the primitivist claims. A question of numbers. Hunter-gatherers live off the food they can hunt or gather, hence the name. Reference Page Paper. Animals can be hunted or trapped while fruits, nuts, greens and roots are gathered. Before about 12,000 years ago every human on the planet lived as a hunter gather. Today only a tiny number of people do, in isolated and university, marginal regions of the planet including deserts, artic tundra and jungle. Some of these groups like the Acre have only had contact with the rest of the planet in recent decades5, others like the Inuit6 have had contact for long periods of time and so have adopted technologies beyond those developed locally. These later groups are very much part of the global civilisation and have contributed to the development of new technologies in persausive essays outsourcing is wrong this civilisation. In marginal ecosystems hunter-gathering often represents the university dissertations only feasible way of producing food. Cats Resume. The desert is too dry for university online, sustained agriculture and the arctic too cold.
The only other possibility is pastoralism, the reliance on semi-domesticated animals as a food source. Reference Page Research Paper. For instance in the Scandinavian arctic the Sami7 control the movement of huge reindeer herds to provide a regular food source. Hunter gathers survive on the food they hunt and gather. This requires very low population densities as population growth is limited by online the need to avoid over hunting. Too much gathering of food plants can also serve to of pakistan day essays reduce the number of plants that are available in the future. This is the university dissertations core problem with the primitivist idea that the whole planet could live as hunter gathers, there is not nearly enough food produced in natural ecosystems for even a fraction of the current population of the world to do so. It should be obvious that the amount of calories available to purdue writing humans as food in an acre of oak forest will be a lot lower then the amount of dissertations online calories available to humans in persausive essays on why an acre of corn.
Agriculture provides far, far more useful calories per acre then hunter gathering in the same acre would. Online. That is page, because we have spent 12,000 years selecting plants and improving agricultural techniques so that per acre we cram in lots of productive plants that put their energy into producing plant parts that are food for us rather then plant parts that are not food for us. Compare any cultivated grain with its wild relative and you will see an illustration of this, the cultivated form will have much bigger grains and a much larger proportion of grain to stalk and university dissertations, foliage. We have chosen plants that produce a high ratio of edible biomass. In other words a pine tree may be as good or better then a lettuce at capturing the solar energy that falls on it. But with the lettuce a huge percentage of the captured energy goes into food (around 75%). With pine tree none of the energy produces food we can eat. Compare the amount of food to be found in purdue thesis a nearby woodland with the amount you can grow in a couple of square meters of garden cultivated in even an organic low energy fashion and you'll see why agriculture is university dissertations, a must have for the population of the research planet.
An acre of organically grown potato can yield 15,000 lbs of food8. A a square that is 70 yards wide and 70 yards long measures just over an acre. The estimated population of university human on the earth before the purdue writing statements advent of agriculture (10,000 BC) varies with some estimates as low as 250,0009. University Dissertations Online. Other estimates for the pre-agricultural hunter gather population are more generous, in the range of in a research 6 to 10 million10. The earth's current population is over 6,000 million. This 6,000 million are almost all supported by university dissertations online agriculture. They could not be supported by hunter gathering, indeed it is suggested that even the 10 million hunter gathers who may have existed before agriculture may have been a non sustainable number. Evidence for this can be seen in the Pleistocene overkill11, a period from is wrong 12,000 to 10,000 BC in which 200 genera of large mammals went extinct. In the Americas in this period over university dissertations online, 80% of the population of large mammals became extinct12. That this was due to essays on why outsourcing is wrong over hunting is university dissertations online, one controversial hypothesis.
If correct than the advent of agriculture (and civilisation) may even have been due to on why is wrong the absence of large game which forced hunter gathers to 'settle down' and find other ways of obtaining food. Certainly in recorded history the same over hunting has been observed with the arrival of university online man on isolated Polynesian islands. Over hunting caused the extinction of the Dodo in Mauretania and the Moa in New Zealand not to mention many less famous species. Living in the bog in winter. Another way of looking at trial by jury, the fact that primitivism cannot support all of the university people of the planet is trial by jury, more anecdotal and uses Ireland [libcom - where the author lives, though figures for the UK are comparable, though even less favourable for would-be hunter-gatherers] as an example. Left to itself the university dissertations online Irish countryside would consist mostly of mature oak forest with some hazel scrub and bogs. Go into reference page research an oak forest and see how much food you can gather - if you know your stuff there is some.
Acorns, fruit on brambles in clearings, some wild garlic, strawberries, edible fungi, wild honey, and university dissertations, the meat from animals like deer, squirrel, wild goat and pigeon that can be hunted. Page In A Research Paper. But this is university dissertations, much, much, much fewer calories then the same area cultivated as wheat or potatoes would yield. By Jury Essay. There is dissertations, simply not enough land in Ireland to support 5 million, the current population of the island, as hunter gatherers. Typically hunter gatherers live at on a journey, a population density of dissertations 1 per 10 square km. (Irelands present population density is around 500 per 10 square km or 500 times this [libcom – for the UK this is nearly 2,500 times this, 2,460 per 10 square km]). By extending this standard calculation from elsewhere on the planet the number that could be supported in Ireland would be less then 70,000.
Probably a lot less as only 20% of on a Ireland is arable land. Blanket bog or Burren karst provide little in the way of food useful for humans. In winter there would be very little food to be gathered (perhaps small caches of nuts hidden by university online squirrels and some wild honey) and that even 70,000 people living off hunting would eradicate the large mammals (deer, wild goat) very quickly. The coastal areas and larger rivers and writing thesis, lakes would be the main source of hunting and some gathering in the form of shellfish and edible seaweed. But being generous and university dissertations online, multiplying the typical hunter gatherers population density by 10, and assuming that somehow Ireland could sustain 70,000 hunter gatherers we discover we need to 'reduce' the population by reference in a some 4,930,000. Or 98.6% [libcom note – for the UK these figures are even worse – a generous maximum of 240,000 people out of 60m, thus requiring a 99.6% reduction in population].
The actual archaeological estimates for the population of Ireland before the arrival of agriculture is around 7,000 people. The idea that a certain amount of university dissertations online land can support a certain amount of people according to cats resume how it is (or in university online this case is not) cultivated is referred to trial by jury as its 'carrying capacity'. This can be estimated for the earth as a whole. One modern calculation for hunter gatherers actually give you 100 million as the university dissertations online maximum figure but just how much of a maximum this is becomes clear when you realise that using similar methods gives 30 billion as the maximum farming figure13. Trial Essay. That would be five times the world’s current population! But let's take this figure of 100 million as the maximum rather then the historical maximum of 10 million. This is generous estimate, well above that of those primitivists who have dared to dissertations online address this issue. For instance Miss Ann Thropy writing in of pakistan the US Earth First! magazine estimated, Ecotopia would be a planet with about 50 million people who are hunting and gathering for subsistence.14. The earth population today is around 6,000 million. A return to a 'primitive' earth therefore requires that some 5900 million people disappear. Something has to happen to university dissertations 98% of the world's population in order for the 100 million survivors to of pakistan day essays have even the slightest hope of a sustainable primitive utopia.
At this point some primitivist writers like John Moore cry foul, dismissing the suggestion that the population levels envisaged by anarcho-primitivists would have to university dissertations online be achieved by mass die-offs or nazi-style death camps. These are just smear tactics. The commitment of anarcho-primitivists to on why is wrong the abolition of all power relations, including the State with all its administrative and military apparatus, and any kind of party or organisation, means that such orchestrated slaughter remains an online, impossibility as well as just plain horrendous.15. The problem for of pakistan, John is that these 'smear tactics' are based not only on university online, the logical requirements of a primitivist world but are also explicitly acknowledged by other primitivists. Miss Ann Thropy's 50 million has already been quoted.
Another primitivist FAQ claims Drastic population reductions are going to happen whether we do it voluntarily or not. Reference Page. It would be better, for university, obvious reasons to do all this gradually and voluntarily, but if we don't the human population is going to be cut anyway.16. The Coalition Against Civilisation write We need to of pakistan be realistic about what would happen were we to enter a post-civilised world. One basic write-off is that a lot of people would die upon civil collapse. While being a hard thing to argue to a moralistic person, we shouldn't pretend this wouldn't be the case.17. More recently Derrick Jensen in an interview from dissertations online Issue #6 of The 'A' Word Magazine18 said civilisation needs to cats resume be actively fought against, but I don't think that we can bring it down. What we can do is assist the natural world to bring it down.
I want civilisation brought down and I want it brought down now. University. We have seen above what the consequences of 'bringing down' civilisation are. In short there is no shortage of primitivists who recognise that the primitive world they desire would require mass die-offs. Cats Resume. I've not come across any who advocate nazi-style death camps but perhaps John just threw this in to dissertations online muddy the water. Primitivists like John Moore can therefore refuse to confront this question of die off by trial essay upping the emotional ante and by accusing those who point the need for die-off out as carrying out university dissertations online 'smear tactics'. It's up to him to explain either how 6 billion can be fed or to admit that primitivism is no more then an by jury, intellectual mind game. My expectation is that just about everyone when confronted with this requirement of mass death will conclude that 'primitivism' offers nothing to fight for.
A very few, like the dissertations online survivalists confronted by cats resume the threat of nuclear war in dissertations the 1980's, might conclude that all this is inevitable and start planning how their loved ones will survive when others die. But this latter group has moved far, far beyond any understanding of anarchism as I understand it. So the 'anarcho' prefix such primitivists try to claim has to outsourcing is wrong be rejected. Most primitivists run away from the requirement for mass death in one of two ways. The more cuddly ones decide that primitivism is university dissertations online, not a program for a different way of running the cats resume world. Rather it exists as a critique of civilisation and not an alternative to it. This is dissertations, fair enough and there is a value in re-examining the basic assumptions of civilisation. But in that case primitivism is no substitute for essays journey, the anarchist struggle for liberation, which involves adapting technology to our needs rather then rejecting it. The problem is that primitivists like to attack the dissertations online very methods of mass organisation that are necessary for overthrowing capitalism.
Reasonable enough if you believe you have an alternative to anarchism but rather damaging if all you have is an interesting critique! Other primitivists however take the page in a Cassandra path, telling us they are merely prophets of an inevitable doom. They don't desire the university online death of 5,900 million they just point out it cannot be prevented. This is worth examining in some detail precisely because it is so disempowering. What after all is the use of fighting for persausive essays outsourcing is wrong, a fair society today if tomorrow or the day after 98% if us are going to die and dissertations, everything we have built crumble to dust? Are we all doomed? Primitivists are not the only ones to reference page in a use the rhetoric of university dissertations online catastrophe to panic people into accepting their political proposals. Celebration Of Pakistan. Reformists such as George Monbiot, use similar 'we are all doomed' arguments to try and stampede people into support for reformism and world government.
In the last decade's acceptance that the world is somehow doomed has become part of mainstream culture, first as the Cold War and then as looming environmental disaster. George Bush and Tony Blair created a panic over “Weapons of Mass Destruction” to give cover to their invasion of Iraq. The need to dissertations online examine and dismantle such panics is clear. We're doomed! Or are. The most convincing form the 'end of civilisation' panic takes is the idea of a looming resource crisis that will make life as we know it impossible. And the best resource to cats resume focus on for those who wish to make this argument is oil. Everything we produce, including food, is dependant on university, massive energy inputs and 40% of the world's energy use is essays is wrong, generated from oil.
The primitivist version of this argument goes something like this, 'everyone knows that in university X number of year the journey oil will run out, this will mean civilisation will grind to a halt, and this will mean lots of people will die. So we might as well embrace the inevitable'. The oil running out university dissertations argument is the primitivist equivalent of the orthodox Marxist 'final economic crisis that results in the overthrow of capitalism'. And, just like the orthodox Marxists, primitivists always argue this final crisis is always just around the corner. When looked at in any detail this argument evaporates and it becomes clear that neither capitalism nor civilisation face a final crisis because of the oil running out. This is not because oil supplies are inexhaustible, indeed we may be reaching or have reached the peak of oil production today. But far from being the end of capitalism or civilisation this is an opportunity for reference, profit and restructuring. Capital however reluctantly, is gearing up to make profits out of developing alternative energy sources on the one hand and on the other of accessing plentiful but more destructive ways to extract fossil fuel supplies. University. The second path of course makes global warming and other forms of pollution a lot worse but that's not likely to stop the global capitalist class.
It is not just primitivists who have become mesmerised by the oil crisis, but in summary, while oil will become more expensive over trial by jury essay, the decades the process to develop substitutes for it is university, already underway. Denmark for instance intends to produce 50% of its energy needs from cats resume wind farms by 2030 and Danish companies are already making vast amounts of money because they are the dissertations online leading producers of wind turbines. Purdue Writing Statements. The switch over from oil is likely to dissertations online provide an opportunity to reference in a paper make profits for capitalism rather then representing some form of final crisis. There may well be an energy crisis as oil starts to rise in price and university online, alternative technologies are not yet capable of filling the 40% of energy generation filled by oil. This will cause oil and therefore energy prices to soar but this will be a crisis for the poor of the world and not for the wealthy some of whom will even profit from it.
A severe energy crisis could trigger a global economic downturn but again it is the world's workers that suffer the most in such times. There is a good argument that the world's elite are already preparing for such a situation, many of the recent US wars make sense in terms of securing future oil supplies for US corporations. Capitalism is quite capable of surviving very destructive crisis. World War II saw many of the major cities of of pakistan Europe destroyed and most of the university online industry of central Europe flattened. Essays Hero's. (By bombers, by dissertations war, by retreating Germans and then torn up and shipped east by advancing Russians). Millions of European workers died as a result both in trial by jury essay the war years and in the years that followed.
But capitalism not only survived, it flourished as starvation allowed wages to be driven down and profits soared. However it is worth doing a little mental exercise on this idea of the oil running out. If indeed there was no alternative what might happen? Would a primitivist utopia emerge even at the bitter price of 5,900 million people dying? No. The primitivists seem to university dissertations forget that we live in a class society. The population of the earth is divided into a few people with vast resources and power and trial, the rest of university online us.
It is not a case of equal access to reference in a research paper resources, rather of quite incredible unequal access. Those who fell victim to the mass die off would not include Rubert Murdoch, Bill Gates or George Bush because these people have the money and power to monopolise remaining supplies for themselves. Instead the first to online die in huge number would be the population of the poorer mega cities on the planet. Cairo and on a hero's journey, Alexandria in Egypt have a population of around 20 million between them. Egypt is dependent both on food imports and on the very intensive agriculture of the Nile valley and the oasis. Except for the tiny wealthy elite those 20 million urban dwellers would have nowhere to go and there is no more land to be worked. Current high yields are in university part dependent on high inputs of cheap energy. The mass deaths of millions of people is purdue center statements, not something that destroys capitalism. Indeed at periods of history it has been seen as quite natural and even desirable for the modernisation of capital.
The potato famine of the 1840's that reduced the population of dissertations Ireland by 30% was seen as desirable by many advocates of free trade19. So was the 1943/4 famine in British ruled Bengal in which four million died20. For the reference in a research capitalist class such mass deaths, particularly in colonies, afford opportunities to restructure the economy in ways that would otherwise be resisted. The real result of an 'end of energy' crisis would see our rulers stock piling what energy sources remained and university online, using them to power the helicopter gunships that would be used to control those of us fortunate enough to reference in a research paper be selected to toil for them in the biofuel fields. The unlucky majority would just be kept where they are and allowed to die off. More of the 'Matrix' than utopia in other words.
The other point to be made here is that destruction can serve to regenerate capitalism. Like it or not large scale destruction allows some capitalist to make a lot of money. Think of the Iraq war. The destruction of the Iraqi infrastructure may be a disaster for dissertations online, the people of Iraq buts it's a profit making bonanza for Halliburton and co.21. Not coincidentally the Iraq war is on a hero's, helping the USA, where the largest corporations are based, gain control of the parts of the planet where much future and online, current oil production takes place. We can extend our intellectual exercise still further. Let us pretend that some anarchists are magically transported from the Earth to some Earth-like planet elsewhere. And we are dumped there without any technology at all. The few primitivists amongst us might head off to run with the deer but a fair percentage would sit down and set about trying to create an anarchist civilisation. Many of the skills we could bring might not be that useful (programming without computers is of little use) but between us we'd have a good basic knowledge of agriculture, engineering, hydraulics and physics.
Next time the primitivists wandered through the area we settled they'd find a landscape of reference in a research paper farms and dams. We'd at least have wheeled carts and possibly draft animals if any of the large game were suitable for domestication. We'd send out parties looking for obvious sources of coal and iron and if we found these we'd mine and transport them. If not we'd be felling a lot of lumber to turn into charcoal to extract whatever iron or copper we could from what could be found. The furnace and the smelter would also be found on that landscape. We'd have some medical knowledge, most importantly an understanding of germs and medical hygiene so we'd have both basic water purification and sewage removal systems. We'd understand the importance of knowledge so we'd have an education system for our children and at least the beginnings of a long-term store of knowledge (books). We could probably find the ingredients for gunpowder, which are quite common, which would give us the blasting technology need for large-scale mining and university, construction. If there was any marble nearby we could make concrete, which is a much better building material then wood or mud.
Technology did not come from the gods. It was not imposed on man by a mysterious outside force. Center Thesis Statements. Rather it is university dissertations, something we developed and continue to trial by jury essay develop. Dissertations Online. Even if you could turn the clock back it would just start ticking again. John Zerzan seems to be the only primitivist capable of on a journey acknowledging this and he retreats to the position of seeing language and abstract thought as the problem. He is both right and ludicrous at the same time. His vision of utopia requires not only the death of the mass of the online world’s population but would require the genetically engineered lobotomy of essays on why those who survive and dissertations, their offspring! Not of reference in a paper course something he advocates but a logical end point of his argument.
Why argue against it? So why spend so much space demolishing such a fragile ideology as primitivism. One reason is the embarrassing connection with anarchism some primitivists seek to claim. More importantly primitivism both by dissertations implication and cats resume, often in its calls wants its followers to reject rationalism for mysticism and oneness with nature. They are not the university online first irrational ecological movement to do so, a good third of the German Nazi party came from forest-worshipping blood and soil movements that sprung up in Germany in the aftermath of World War I. This is essay, not an empty danger. Within primitivism a self-proclaimed irrational wing has developed that if not yet advocating nazi-style death camps has openly celebrated the deaths and online, murder of large numbers of people as a first step. Carnage - the Oklahoma. city bombing that killed 168 people. In December 1987 the celebration day essays US publication Earth First wrote that the AIDS epidemic, rather than being a scourge, is dissertations online, a welcome development in the inevitable reduction of human population.22 Around a decade later in Britain Steve Booth, one of the trial by jury essay editors of a magazine called 'Green Anarchist ', wrote that.
The Oklahoma bombers had the university dissertations online right idea. The pity was that they did not blast any more government offices. Even so, they did all they could and now there are at least 200 government automatons that are no longer capable of oppression. The Tokyo sarin cult had the right idea. The pity was that in testing the gas a year prior to the attack, they gave themselves away. They were not secretive enough. Purdue Center Thesis. They had the technology to online produce the gas but the method of delivery was ineffective. One day the groups will be totally secretive and their methods of fumigation will be completely effective.23. This is where you end up when you celebrate spirituality over rationality.
When the celebration of pakistan day essays hope of 'running with deer' overcomes the need to deal with the problem of making a revolution on university online, a planet of 6 billion people. The ideas above have only reactionary conclusions. Their logic is elitist and celebration, hierarchical, little more that a semi-secular version of gods chosen people laying waste to dissertations online the unbelievers. It certainly has nothing in common with anarchism. We need more not less technology. Which brings us back to trial by jury essay the start. Civilisation comes with many, many problems but it is better than the alternative. The challenge for anarchists is in transforming civilisation to a form that is without hierarchy, or imbalances of power or wealth.
This is not a new challenge, it has always been the challenge of anarchism as shown by the lengthy Bakunin quotation at the start of this essay. To do this we need modern technology to clean our water, pump away and process our waste and inoculate or cure people of the diseases of high population density. With only 10 million people on the earth you can shit in the woods providing you keep moving on. With 6 billion those who shit in dissertations online the woods are shitting in on a hero's the water they and those around them will have to drink. According to university dissertations the UN each year, more than 2.2 million people die from water and sanitation related diseases, many of them children. Close to one billion urban dwellers have no access to sustainable sanitation.
Data for 43 African cities . shows that 83 percent of the population do not have toilets connected to sewers24. The challenge then is not simply the construction of a civilisation that keeps everyone's standards of living at the level they are now. Writing Thesis Statements. The challenge is raising just about everyone's standard of living but doing so in a manner that is reasonably sustainable. Only the further development of university technology coupled to a revolution that eliminates inequality across the planet can deliver this. It is writing center thesis statements, unfortunate that some anarchists who live in the most developed, most wealthy and most technological nations of the university world prefer to play with primitivism than getting down to thinking about of pakistan day essays how we can really change the university dissertations online world. The global transformation required will make all previous revolutions fade into insignificance. The major problem is not simply that capitalism has been happy to leave a huge proportion of the world's population in on why outsourcing is wrong poverty. The problem is also that development has been aimed at creating consumers for online, future products rather then providing what people need. As long as capitalism exists it will continue to wreak environmental havoc as it chases profits. It will only effectively respond to the energy crisis once that becomes profitable and by jury essay, because there will be a lag of many years before oil can be replaced this might mean worsening poverty and death for many of the poorer people in the world.
But we cannot fix these problems by dreaming of some lost golden age when the world's population was low enough to support hunter gathering. We can only sort it out by university dissertations building the sort of mass movements that can not only overthrow capitalism but also introduce a libertarian society. And on the way we need to find ways to halt and even reverse some of the worst of the environmental threats capitalism is generating. Read more about trial by jury how we can prevent environmental destruction in our Everyday Manifesto. Primitivism is a pipe dream - it offers no way forwards in the struggle for university online, a free society. Essays Hero's. Often its adherents end up undermining that struggle by attacking the very things, like mass organisation, that are a requirement to win it. Online. Those primitivists who are serious about changing the world need to re-examine what they are fighting for.
1. Primitivism is such a ridiculous idea it should not even need arguing against, although unfortunately within anarchist circle it does. 2. Essays Is Wrong. Abolishing technology would have catastrophic consequences for the planet in terms of nuclear waste leakage, and on ill or disabled people, not to mention general quality of life. 3. Hunter-gathering could only feed an absolute maximum of 100m people, thereby necessitating a reduction of dissertations population of 5,900m people. Cats Resume. Primitivists cannot explain how this will come about. 4. Even if there were ecological disaster or mass human die-off it would not destroy capitalism or class society, it would simply be used by capital as an opportunity to restructure, and ensure the class divide stays intact. 5. There is nothing inherently wrong with technology, it just depends on how it is applied – in a free society they can be used to increase freedom (from onerous work, or physical disability etc.). 6. To protect the university dissertations online planet we do not to get rid of technology, only of the wasteful and destructive system of capitalism which places profit above all else. To do that we need mass working class organisations which can protect our conditions, and our planet, and eventually run society on the basis of co-operation, not profit.
Read more about protecting the environment. Oct 12 2006 10:15. a review of this article by Frere Dupont. At the same time, he exposes the sustaining myth of a self-realising scientific method in which ‘observation’ progressively enlightens unsupported conjecture and prejudice. Gould specifically argues against the tendency towards the underpinning dichotomous structuring in some scientific thought, and thus against the whiggish historical approach which sustains it. What a pretentious wanker. So you got half way through the first paragraph then - well done!
Any more merciless critical insights? Nope, couldn#039;t be bother wading through the essay waste-deep river of shit. That#039;s, like, sooooo funny! I am not overly familiar with the university online arguments of primitivism in its own terms, and I am not overly interested in them either, but it seems to me that the writing thesis statements libertarian communist critique as presented by online Libcom is based on a misrepresentation of the questions being asked by trial those described as ‘primitivists’. so they don#039;t have any idea what primitivist advocate but they are going to assume libcom is wrong anyway? that review is dissertations online, fucking stupid and doesn#039;t deserve any response. I think Dupont could do it better. Primitivism is essentially an ideological representation of, and compensation for, the on a hero's anxiety experienced concerning the university disappearance of individual competence. This tendency towards diy and smallscale was always presented among proletarians, but primitivism is not equal to this tendency.
It#039;s a concrete trend in anarchist milieu that started, say, in 1999 and now has almost disappeared. Essays Outsourcing Is Wrong. It correspended rise and decline of antiglobalization movement and anti-consumerist thought. If author throw light on this development, he then could make deeper analysis of university online libcom#039;s rivalry towards primitivism. Libcom is historically anti-lifestylist project, and primitivism was an easy target in page in a war against lifestylist anarchism. And here we can find the source of prejudices towards any doubts in science, civilisation and technology, which are quickly blamed as PRIMMO BULLSHIT et al. At the same time, he exposes the sustaining myth of a self-realising scientific method in which ‘observation’ progressively enlightens unsupported conjecture and prejudice. Gould specifically argues against the tendency towards the underpinning dichotomous structuring in some scientific thought, and thus against the whiggish historical approach which sustains it. What a pretentious wanker. I hope you weren#039;t referring to Gould. The work they are quoting from, Time#039;s Arrow, Time#039;s Cycle is online, really very good, and Gould definitely tries to access what he#039;s critiquing and what he is investigating in persausive essays on why their own terms, as well as in others`, unlike the author of that piece. And here we can find the university source of cats resume prejudices towards any doubts in science, civilisation and technology, which are quickly blamed as PRIMMO BULLSHIT et al.
I think that#039;s because the people who come on here to critique tech, science and civilization are primmos. I think the key word is civilization here. University Dissertations. Quite a few posters will critique science and persausive essays on why outsourcing is wrong, tech, but using a different framework. Rather than the primmos I use Marx, Jaques Ellul, Langdon Winner and Paul Virilio. Good example of dissertations online a community that is inherently tech critical are the cats resume Amish; their approach to tech is university, not one of rejection that tech is teh ebilz, but that the way in which tech is implemented in their communities can either tear it apart or safeguard it. I am not saying that we should all start being Amish-like, but that if you want to look into an interesting take on tech, by people who actually practice what they preach, then the Amish, rather than primmos armed with broadband and a keyboard, is much more interesting. I think that#039;s because the people who come on here to critique tech, science and civilization are primmos. I think the key word is civilization here. Quite a few posters will critique science and tech, but using a different framework.
Rather than the primmos I use Marx, Jaques Ellul, Langdon Winner and Paul Virilio. Good example of a community that is inherently tech critical are the Amish; their approach to tech is not one of rejection that tech is teh ebilz, but that the trial by jury essay way in dissertations which tech is implemented in their communities can either tear it apart or safeguard it. I am not saying that we should all start being Amish-like, but that if you want to look into an interesting take on tech, by people who actually practice what they preach, then the Amish, rather than primmos armed with broadband and a keyboard, is much more interesting. I think that#039;s because the people who come on here to critique tech, science and persausive is wrong, civilization are primmos. This is nonsense, on the other thread about dissertations Lawrence Jarach#039;s article me and reference research, others asked specific questions about technology and the possibility of self-organizing mass society at current technology levels, while always making clear we are not advocating primitivism, but of course got called primmos and had other strawman arguments used against us. The thread is here http://libcom.org/forums/theory/lawrence-jarachs-take-primitivism-30032011 . The arguments are still unanswered and from my experience very few anarchists have even thought about these things. Personally there is very little I disagree with in the libcom article above but it still does not answer the questions in that thread and this line of thinking in general.
And it looks very eccentric to online me to look favorably at an american religious sect which from the little I have read is puritan and segregationist, for having an interesting rejection of technology Khawaga. And it looks very eccentric to me to writing thesis look favorably at an american religious sect which from the little I have read is puritan and segregationist, for having an interesting rejection of technology Khawaga. IMHO it is worth analysing interesting things purely for their own sake, without bringing guilt-by-association into online the equation. When we look at useful discoveries made by capitalists, should we really reject them purely because they were made by profiteering bastards? heck, proudhon and bakunin were very anti-semitic, but we still are happy to call ourselves anarchists. And it looks very eccentric to me to look favorably at an american religious sect which from the little I have read is puritan and segregationist, for having an interesting rejection of technology Khawaga. Have you bothered to look into their view on technology at all? If not, then maybe you should before you start thinking that I am looking favourably at a religious sect. If you bothered to cats resume read what I wrote, I said that the way in online which they choose to journey implement (or even reject) is interesting, not their religious belief. Online. You, of all people, who apparently is critical of celebration tech, should find it interesting that that the Amish choose to adopt tech that only comes with their values, which are very community oriented and against individual atomism. When they do choose (or forced by university e.g. state law) to adopt a given tech they figure out how it works, consider what impact the tech as it is will have on by jury essay, their community.
If the impact is bad they will, if possible alter the tech so that it won#039;t fuck them up. It#039;s their approach, stupid, that is interesting, not the Amish. And you purposefully choose the Amish for university dissertations online, some reason. Why not single out Virilio or Ellul? They#039;re both catholics; so wouldn#039;t that be eccentric as well? In any case, your response, when someone suggests other takes on critiques of day essays tech and science is to discount it? That doesn#039;t make sense at all. Shouldn#039;t you be interested in what their critiques are? If I could summarize some of their arguments? What texts to read etc? Instead you throw a fit because I dared to mention the Amish.
FFS, that#039;s just the typical fallacy of guilt by association. Look, clever, I didn#039;t throw a fit, I just said that I found it eccentric. I didn#039;t mean to dissertations argue guilt-by-association or to discount them and if you want to recommend a text I promise to trial essay read it as long as it#039;s not too long. All I know about the Amish is the article on university online, Wikipedia that I read before posting and a film with Harrison Ford I saw ages ago. I mentioned it more to persausive show your double standards because here you encourage taking the dissertations online Amish seriously here while in the Jarach thread you act like a chorus-boy for paper, all the primmo-strawman bashing, you are a troll and university, nothing more etc etc bla bla, not engaging with honest attempts at dialogue and reasoning and instead throwing off one liners. So you#039;re not going to engage with the actual substantive part of the post? Just latch on to the (admittedly) unnecessary snipe towards the very end? Easy way to ignore an trial, argument I guess. but dino, they are not strawman arguments.
i#039;#039;m sure every libertarian communist wants to live in university dissertations harmony with the earth and phase out the purdue center thesis destructive effects of technology upon man, but we have to recognise that technology is a mere extension of the first human tools (ie. a hammer was one of the first means of production to have been invented), and that technology has many liberating effects upon dissertations humans. personally, as a humanist, i would prefer to see people well fed, intelligently educated, progressive reduction of work that each individual has to do, more time to pursue our passions etc. Cats Resume. This to me is the key to creating a wholesome human society. And don#039;t get me wrong, i really do recognise how awfully technology is university, affecting us, but i would argue that is because it is controlled by capitalists. Why only maintain current technology levels when we know that there are many new postitive developments just around the corner for humanity? Developments that will further reduce necessary work, developments that will eventually allow us to colonize other planets to make sure that the wonderful thing that is cats resume, conscious life will survive if the earth is ever destroyed (i#039;m talking about natural occurences like asteroid crashes - just look at the ice age for an example of the effect the last crash had) EDIT: you#039;ll probably think i#039;m mad for wanting to develop space technology, but please bear in mind i think we should solve our problems on this planet first. and that includes developing Africa and solving world hunger. IMO humanity#039;s problems are so great we can#039;t afford to dissertations online not keep developing our technology.
I mentioned it more to show your double standards because here you encourage taking the persausive on why outsourcing is wrong Amish seriously here while in the Jarach thread you act like a chorus-boy for all the primmo-strawman bashing, you are a troll and nothing more etc etc bla bla, not engaging with honest attempts at dissertations, dialogue and reasoning and of pakistan day essays, instead throwing off one liners. Fair enough. My posts are probably a bit meta, in that I#039;ve had plenty of discussion about primitivism both on and off these boards and I#039;ve had enough of them and their so-called theory. University Dissertations. In the end most primmos turn out to be misanthropes, which means that they don#039;t really gvive a shit about working class emancipation. They see the working class as the problem, not the political subject that can negate capitalism. And the typical argument is persausive essays outsourcing is wrong, bound up with a rather simplistic view on university, tech; that it is tech and by jury essay, mass society that is the problem. And tech is inherently the dissertations problem. A laughable argument. The Amish, on the other hand, are not anti-tech, but they do believe that tech comes with specific values, politics and require certain forms of social organization that will destroy the community they try to foster.
So if possible they will adopt tech, but only after they are adapted so that they won#039;t be damaging to Amish values. Now that is a sensible approach to tech and I think, with some modifications, this is how ATR we could approach self-organized tech. There is trial essay, no self-organization if we have to abide to what the tech dictates (nuclear power is a case in point). If you#039;re interested in reading about this, I suggest the article Amish Technology: Reinforcing Values and Building Community by Jameson Wetmore. You can find it in the colletion Technology and Society: Building Our Sociotechnical Future . It shortish and decent. I can send you the PDF if you PM me your e-mail. but we have to recognise that technology is a mere extension of the university first human tools (ie. a hammer was one of the trial essay first means of production to have been invented), and dissertations online, that technology has many liberating effects upon cats resume humans. This is a strawman argument because I have never said anything to contradict this and neither did anyone else on the other thread that I am talking about. Did you read it?
My posts are probably a bit meta, in that I#039;ve had plenty of discussion about primitivism both on university dissertations, and off these boards and I#039;ve had enough of them and their so-called theory. In the end most primmos turn out to be misanthropes, which means that they don#039;t really gvive a shit about working class emancipation. They see the working class as the problem, not the political subject that can negate capitalism. By Jury Essay. And the dissertations online typical argument is bound up with a rather simplistic view on tech; that it is tech and mass society that is the problem. And tech is inherently the problem. A laughable argument. Again this is strawman stuff at least relating to the questions raised on that thread and in some of the texts Maphisto has recomended. I don#039;t deny that there are people who make the arguments you are referring to, but there are both primitivists and persausive essays, technologically-skeptical people with much more depth to their arguments than the ones you are presenting. The Amish, on the other hand, are not anti-tech, but they do believe that tech comes with specific values, politics and require certain forms of social organization that will destroy the university online community they try to foster. So if possible they will adopt tech, but only after they are adapted so that they won#039;t be damaging to Amish values. Now that is cats resume, a sensible approach to university tech and cats resume, I think, with some modifications, this is how ATR we could approach self-organized tech.
There is no self-organization if we have to abide to what the tech dictates (nuclear power is a case in dissertations online point). I agree with this approach actually. here are both primitivists and technologically-skeptical people with much more depth to their arguments than the essays on a hero's journey ones you are presenting. While I#039;ve yet to read a primitivist with depth to his/her argument, I#039;ve read plenty of tech-skeptical people that have (hence my suggestions as to who to read). If you can point me to some sensible primitivists I#039;d be very interested to university dissertations read their take. dino you are strawmanning me by claiming i am building strawman arguments. or maybe i#039;m now strawmanning you by claiming you are strawmanning me by on a hero's journey claiming i am building strawman arguments? here are both primitivists and technologically-skeptical people with much more depth to their arguments than the ones you are presenting. While I#039;ve yet to read a primitivist with depth to his/her argument, I#039;ve read plenty of tech-skeptical people that have (hence my suggestions as to who to university online read). If you can point me to some sensible primitivists I#039;d be very interested to read their take.
Thanks for mentioning some of those authors Khawaga. I am still sorely lacking in non-Primitivist critiques of technology aside from Marx and Engels. I would like to hero's echo dinsavros too that I AM NOT a Primitivst whole sale and likely never will be. Dissertations. Yet my last thread was created in by jury essay order to analyse the merits of university dissertations Jarach#039;s critique of of pakistan day essays common criticism#039;s of dissertations online Primitivist objections. My biggest worry is that liitle thought has been done from our camp about how the creation of specific technologies and reference research, materials may be sound idelogically but are not sound when it comes to protecting the environment. Not to mention that such a need for raw materials from elsewhere in order to sustain a level of technology could lead to renewed war if the people who live on or near those materials refuse to have them cultivated for the use of strangers (because they don#039;t want to be disturbed or their ecosystems damaged).
Of course I still believe that in a true communist society, we will work with our neighbors to recompense their loss, reduce pollution and share resources. i actually agree with you maphisto. btw. heres an interesting philiosophy over technology, asserted by the author of university online a programming language: Often people, especially computer engineers, focus on day essays, the machines. They think, By doing this, the machine will run faster. By doing this, the machine will run more effectively. By doing this, the machine will something something something. University Dissertations. They are focusing on machines. Purdue Writing Center Thesis Statements. But in fact we need to focus on humans, on how humans care about doing programming or operating the application of the machines. We are the dissertations masters. On A Journey. They are the slaves.
I think that this article sort of online overlooks an cats resume, elephant in university dissertations online the room called #039;climate change#039;, which, interestingly, it doesn#039;t really mention except for the offhand conclusion that [e]ven if there were ecological disaster or mass human die-off it would not destroy capitalism or class society, it would simply be used by capital as an of pakistan day essays, opportunity to restructure, and ensure the dissertations online class divide stays intact. I#039;d question this conclusion. As a matter of fact, consider this recent statement from the Geological Society of London (http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/climatechange): In the coming centuries, continued emissions of essays carbon from burning oil, gas and coal at close to or higher than today’s levels, and from related human activities, could increase the total to close to the amounts added during the 55 million year warming event – some 1500 to 2000 billion tonnes. Further contributions from ‘natural’ sources (wetlands, tundra, methane hydrates, etc.) may come as the Earth warms.
The geological evidence from the 55 million year event and from earlier warming episodes suggests that such an dissertations, addition is likely to raise average global temperatures by at least 5-6?C, and possibly more, and that recovery of the Earth’s climate in the absence of any mitigation measures could take 100,000 years or more. Purdue Center Thesis Statements. Numerical models of the climate system support such an interpretation. In the light of the evidence presented here it is reasonable to online conclude that emitting further large amounts of thesis CO2 into the atmosphere over time is likely to be unwise, uncomfortable though that fact may be. You can extrapolate this conclusion from these statements of educated opinion; if we don#039;t stop or at least drastically reduce emission, NOW, there#039;ll be a disaster of such colossal scope that it WILL destroy capitalism AND class society. And that#039;s whether the oil runs out or not. The problem is that it will also destroy /all other forms of social organisation/ for dissertations online, perhaps the next 100 000 years. Maybe even human civilisation itself. Now I would say that, to socially aware people such as those on this board, that#039;s a situation which ought to be taken very, very seriously indeed. Facile dismissals of reference research paper primitivism aren#039;t necessarily helpful.
They may not have the right solution, but at least they can see the problem with clarity. I myself don#039;t advocate the #039;abandonment of university technology#039; - whatever that would mean in essays journey practice - but I think it#039;s very clear that the dissertations online current systems of technique are at least contributing to our social problems and that they can certainly be improved, in order to improve the lives of people everywhere. It seems to me, rather, that the present system has actually engineered its own complete downfall, as encouraged by the multitude of cats resume hard-Right climate change deniers who ignore clear scientific evidence because it contradicts their own ideology. Dissertations Online. Let#039;s not repeat their mistake. Enough damage has been done already, and it#039;s unstoppable to a large extent. I believe that as basic life-support systems of this planet begin to show signs of on why outsourcing damage, people will eventually realise that it#039;s the dissertations online smash-and-grab #039;free market#039; policies, and the politicians who either did nothing or not enough that got us into this situation. And then they will look to people like the #039;anarchists#039; for solutions. My current view is that the most important thing now is not to do anything to #039;bring down the system#039;, because it#039;s on on why outsourcing, its way out and it might be sooner than anyone thinks. The most important thing now is to offer meaningful new ways forward. Let#039;s not quarrel about the fittings of the university dissertations lifeboats - as long as they work, and get us off the writing center thesis statements /Titanic/ in time.
I#039;d like to say more, but have no more time. University Dissertations Online. hope this is of use to someone somehow. I had no clue that Earth First! published that horrifying garbage about the AIDS crisis. I#039;m not gonna watch the vid, so do tell, Soapy. Isn#039;t it silly to expect a certain ideology to answer the problems of paper something that civilization and agriculture and control and systems of online control have created over thousands of years in one fell swoop? Shouldn#039;t it be obvious that there will have to be a gradual easing out of pakistan day essays of the psychosis and convoluted and complex problems we#039;ve created for ourselves with agriculture and technologies? This is my first post. I just found this article and website today because I also have recently stumbled onto anarcho-primitivism or whatever you want to call it and just began to finally open my mind to anarchy as well.
I wanted to find and hear critiques of primitivism because I find myself naturally drawn to it and in agreement with the general spirit of the entire ideology though I try to shy away from dogmatic thought and Isms in general and keep an open mind. The article obsesses about hunter gatherer lifestyles not being able to sustain current global populations but ignores the more serious unsustainability of superfluous and university dissertations online, unnecessary lifestyle and comfort technologies that people expect anymore as second nature. Monocultural agriculture in general is one of the greatest problems as it necessitates division of labour,enforces high starch diets that lead to later convoluted health problems that many of these technologies people think are necessary for cats resume, but are really just in a sort of distopian symbiotic relationship. University. Permaculture and Food Forests and polyculture in general could be a sort of compromise between the of pakistan 2 although they in and of university dissertations online themselves represent control as well which may be the essays on a hero's actual base root cause of all we think is good and bad in civilization. I think we need to consider some other factors. 1 is that population levels in areas where industrialization and technology and infrastructure are rooted generally tend to shrink without new immigrants, because of certain lifestyle changes, as is happening in Europe. University. So, as the by jury rest of the university world races towards so-called first world standards they too will experience a similar downward trend in reproductive rates. There is an ebb and essays hero's, flow of population that is much more dramatic with monocultural agriculture systems than the much more natural and subtle ones of those of hunter gatherer and perhaps some sort of hybrid hunter gatherer polyculture food forest implementation. The whole exponential population growth argument and the necessity of university a machine or some sort of apocalypse to cats resume feed/kill it is just fear mongering. Civilization, the machine, and divisions of dissertations labour encourage people to have huge families just as a sort of life insurance policy when food is on a hero's journey, relatively cheap but wages are low, so to change classes people need to spread their eggs in many baskets so to speak and university online, those eggs become nest eggs that take care of trial essay them as well as they become elderly, excuse the puns.
We can#039;t forget desertification, something the author indirectly mentions via unsustainability of deserts for HGs, yet doesn#039;t address the causes of it. 2 such causes are the direct byproduct of civilization via poorly implemented monocultural agriculture,where poor soil conditions and overgrazing due to the domestication(a system of control again largely absent in dissertations indigenous societies) of grazing animals Ieads to barren desert prone land. I think future climate change may also influence society, organized or not #039;civilized#039; or indigenous in many ways. Usually the negatives are focused on essays, but what about the fact that an earth with higher and more even year round temperatures could be more suitable to the sorts of university dissertations year round food growing environments that tropical indigenous cultures have sustained since the trial by jury essay dawn of time. I think the hot and dissertations, cold of summers/winters may influence the sort of dualism such as busybody/lazy that the dominant civilizations are rooted in and obsessed with. More constant year round climates seem to produce people/cultures with more even equilibriums. Reference Page In A Paper. Maybe there would be more land covered in water from the melting ice but an earth that was entirely tropical and subtropical migh make up for it in food production ability. Tribal indigenous societies avoid many of these problems since they have let go of control, they just are, which I don#039;t want to romanticize too much but which you have to admit has given us all sorts of cancerous byproducts all associated with control-Systems of control, Dualistic Ideologies, Organized Religion, the cultivation of the ego from the university dissertations idea of possessions and property #039;rights#039;, almost all personality disorders that plague life and society today,power, greed, and maybe, the pursuit of more than you need. Reference Page Research Paper. Equlibrium is university dissertations, indubitably more constant and instinctual with those who live close to the earth. I stay open minded, I am new to all this as I said. I am hoping there may be some seemingly impossible way to combine a more instinctual letting go of control and #039;being#039; with some of the better aspects of trial by jury #039;civilization#039; through the pursuit of dissertations knowledge, like permaculture.
I don#039;t know. You have obviously put a lot more thought into Anarcho-Primitivism than I have, but I have to say this; technology is celebration day essays, great when balanced with the environment, monocropping increases output and efficiency, a hunter-gatherer lifestyle would be outright inconvenient, and billions dead. Dissertations Online. That#039;s all. I had no clue that Earth First! published that horrifying garbage about the AIDS crisis. To be fair, that was tongue and cheek satire written by Christopher Manes under the pen name Miss Ann Thropy and that idiot was kicked out for those statements. Equating Earth First! with the actions of that one individual is like equating syndicalism with fascism because of George Sorel. Earth First! definitely had its problems. Patriarchy. By Jury Essay. Borderline Nationalism with fucks like Dave Formen (who now speaks at anti-illegal immigrant rallies on occasion).
There has been a lot of good in university it too, especially in cats resume recent times. I think they would have been better off disbanding and launching a new ecological action group with a anti-capitalist, anti-borders bent after they disassociated with those few shitheads that spoiled their name forever. Please correct Date attribution mistake/slur in university dissertations Flood article. I think the essays on a journey article overall is rather weak, but never the less thought this correction was in order. In the article Flood says: In December 1997 the US publication Earth First wrote that the AIDS epidemic, rather than being a scourge, is a welcome development in the inevitable reduction of human population.(22) Around the same period in Britain Steve Booth, one of the editors of a magazine called #039;Green Anarchist #039;. Actually this was in 1987 - not 1997 - in the US Earth First! Journal (and caused a major rukus in the movement). The reference in the article actually confirms this 22: Earth First!, Dec. 22, 1987, cited at http://www.processedworld.com/Issues/issue22/primitive_thought.htm. It#039;s not a libcom typo as in the above quote Flood gets mixed up himself and says for the sake of his narrative that it and university dissertations, the horrific crap about by Steve Booth about the Tokyo Sarin attacks were around the same period - which they were not – Booth was writing 11 years later (in UK Green Anarchist #51, Spring 1998).
While the mistake is Floods not Libcoms I think it deserves correction as it smears the essays on why outsourcing is wrong Earth First! Journal editors of the late 90s (and by implication the wider movement), who were pushing an increasingly anti-capitalist line and for good or bad were many of the dissertations same folks that organised the trial by jury 1999 N30 at Seattle etc. In fact their political orientation (and that of most of US EF!ers at university online, the time) was in reaction against research paper, much of the university online ideas of the 80’s Journal editors who left the movement with the bit split in part sparked by the AIDS quote. Whatever one#039;s thoughts on primitivism I feel the correction is worth putting in. admin: no flaming. This is a final warning: further flaming or nonsensical off topic posts will result in a temporary ban. You have obviously put a lot more thought into Anarcho-Primitivism than I have, but I have to say this; technology is trial, great when balanced with the environment, monocropping increases output and efficiency, a hunter-gatherer lifestyle would be outright inconvenient, and university dissertations, billions dead. That's all. True! Just in a small backyard plot I grew enough corn to survive on essays hero's, for a year, without ofcourse any excesses like TV, internet, auto, moibile phone etc, all of the things that make life adorned, but if energy is available and exploitable. well, I don't understand the hesitation to use it.
Ironically it was the hunter/gatherer Pueblo Indian society which developed the modern corn/maize variety, it was convenient in a desert environment to online produce a grain that could be stored for long durations and be altered by celebration grinding into university various tasty breads. Purdue Writing Thesis Statements. One should not judge a society by its cuisine, corn takos tomato chilli chicken is a dish worthy of any anarchist. Click here to register now. Logged in users: #9654; Can comment on articles and discussions. #9654; Get 'recent posts' refreshed more regularly. #9654; Bookmark articles to your own reading list.
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How to Find Resumes on the Internet with Google. Want to learn how to find resumes on the Internet using Google? You’ve come to the right place! Whether you are new to university online searching the Internet for resumes or you are a veteran Interent sourcer, I’ve included some tips, tricks, and observations for the novice and expert alike. When using Google to search specifically for resumes, it’s a good idea to begin by searching for celebration of pakistan day essays the word “resume” in the title and/or the url of web pages. For example: (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) Here is a sample result to illustrate how this works – we can see the word “Resume” in the blue TITLE line, as well as in university dissertations online the green URL line. The first line of any search result is the title of the webpage, and on a hero's journey, the url is the university online, specific web page’s address. Targeting the word “resume” in the title and/or url is very handy, because for many people, it’s simply common sense/instinct to either title the web page containing their resume with the word “resume,” and/or save their resume using the word “resume” in trial by jury essay the name of the file.
Eliminating False Positive Results. A “false positive” result is university online, a search result that contains your search terms, but does not match the “essence” of what you are actually trying to find. For example – if you’re searching for trial resumes, there are many sites that will be returned in your search results that are in fact not resumes, such as sites advertising resume samples and job postings that mention phrases such as, “submit resumes to…” In order to remove most non-resume false positive results, you can use Google’s version of the university, Boolean NOT operator, which is the minus sign, to prevent your search from returning results with words such as sample, job, etc. (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) -job -jobs -sample -samples. Other ideas of terms you can try to eliminate that may return false positive results: -eoe -submit -free -”resume service” -template -”resume service” -“resume writers” -“resume writing”
Some people who decide to make their resume available on essay the Internet also decide to publish a phone number. To find these folks, you can try and online, include local area codes in your search in attempt to find them. Here is an example of a search using area codes to target people who live in Northern VA: (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) -job -jobs -sample -samples -“resume service” (703 OR 571) What you’ll notice, however, is essays on why outsourcing is wrong, that searching for online area codes can easily produce false positive results, as can be seen in trial essay the screenshot below – which are the first 4 results from the search. Result #3 and #4 mention the university, number 571, but it’s not referenced as an area code, so they are false positive, non-local results. To clean up the false positive results that mention 571 or 703 but are not of page resumes of dissertations online people who live in VA, you can add the state and state abbreviation to the search as well as exclude more non-resume terms and phrases: While there are still a good number of non-resume false positive results, this can be expected because we didn’t even search for any keywords/skills.
Once we do, we will notice a significant drop off in essays on a hero's journey false positives. Another way to search for local resumes is to target a zip code radius. While Google doesn’t support true zip code search functionality, we can leverage the university online, fact that Google supports searching for numbers within a range, otherwise known as “numrange” search. You can perform a numrange search on essays is wrong any sequential (low to high) set of numbers by university dissertations online, typing two periods between the numbers without any spaces. This is purdue center, especially helpful because we can exploit this search functionality and adapt it to dissertations online performing a zip code radius search. For example, take your target zip code and of pakistan day essays, use this handy zip code radius lookup application, which you can use to search for online zip codes in a radius and sort the zip codes within the radius from low to high. Using a central zip code of 75201 in Dallas, TX and targeting a 20 mile radius, we can use that zip code radius application to get a range of zip codes from a low zip code of essays on why is wrong 75001 to a high zip code of university dissertations online 76155. Using Google’s numrange search syntax, here is an example of a search string targeting people within a 20-mile radius of persausive is wrong 75201 in TX: Sample results: you can see the zip code search worked beautifully: Here are a couple of things to keep in university dissertations mind when searching for local resumes:
Not everyone will publish a phone number on their resume If they do publish a phone number on cats resume their resume, it could be a cell phone with a non-local area code if they relocated from university dissertations online, another area – this is why is day essays, can be helpful to search for zip codes as well as area codes If they don’t publish a phone number at all, they should at least mention a city and/or state. Targeting Resumes That Are Not Titled As “Resume” Although plenty of people do title their resume or the web page containing their resume with the word “resume,” there are some people who don’t. After searching for all of the results that DO contain the word “resume” in the URL or title of the dissertations, web page, you need to try to eliminate them from future search results using Google’s NOT operator, the minus sign, to specifically target the results that don’t mention resume in the title or URL. Celebration Of Pakistan Day Essays? For example: Don’t be tempted to try and write that as -(inurl:resume OR intitle:resume), because Google will not read that search string in the manner in which you intend. Instead of eliminating results with the word “resume” in either the URL or the title, Google will in fact will do the university dissertations, exact opposite. Click here to see the cats resume, sad reality. Sorry Google. Next, you’ll have to think about words that are commonly found on resumes, such as “objective,” “summary,” “experience,” “employment,” “skills,” “history,” “education,” etc.
Then you’ll have to try and reduce false positive results of job postings, resume sample sites and university dissertations online, such, and also target local results. Essays Journey? Putting it all together, your search string could look like this: First page results: We can see that the first result is essentially of a resume, yet the person saved their work history as “biodata.” See? Some people don’t use the word resume. Dissertations Online? :-) Looking at trial by jury essay, the second result, we can see that the word “resume” is dissertations, actually highlighted in the url of the second result – which technically should not happen, as we coupled Google’s NOT/- operator with inurl:resume. Yet more proof that Boolean search does not = Internet search. That’s 2 strikes, Google. The third result is definitely not a resume – it is a LinkedIn directory by name, within which is at least one positive hit on page research our search terms. While there are no doubt resumes on the Internet that do not mention the word “resume,” anywhere within them, I have found that when you stray from targeting the university, word “resume” in web page titles and URLs, you can quickly find yourself swimming in in a paper a sea of false positive results, which is a huge time drain. I believe the 80/20 Pareto principle solidly applies here: You will get 80% of your viable results from targeted resume searches and dissertations, the other 20% from searching without targeting the word “resume.” Likewise, you can easily waste 80% of your time trying to sort through the sea of false positives in on a order to dissertations dig up the 20% of celebration of pakistan day essays resumes that do not mention the term.
I’ve provided you with a quick overview of how to university dissertations effectively utilize Google to search for resumes on the Internet. Be aware though – all is not perfect in when hunting for resumes in Google land – if you have not already, please read these 2 posts: The Internet has Free Resumes – So What?and Boolean search does not = Internet search. For those of writing you who read this post and asked why I: didn’t talk about university dissertations, searching for CV’s didn’t suggest using the tilde. operator in conjuntion with the word “resume” didn’t use - job when trying to eliminate false positive results didn’t talk about targeting filetypes didn’t talk about just searching for the word “resume” without using it in writing center thesis statements conjunction with inurl: or intitle: didn’t mention Google CSE’s. Excellent Article! Real insight seen in the description and also hands on expertise. I believe this way you could simply recruit using an internet connection and nothing else.
This is very impressive. Also you will be able to get better candidature as opposed to people using job boards. Thanks Glen! This really was a value addition to my efforts! I have tried the search as ‘site:linkedin.com Java -intitle:resume -inurl:resume (objective OR summary) (experience OR history) education -job -jobs -sample -samples’ which you have mentioned. But I didn’t get any result from university dissertations, linkedin site. If I modify the search keyword as ‘site:linkedin.com Java -intitle:resume -inurl:resume -job -jobs’ then I got result from trial essay, linkedin site but it displays events also along with candidates. I found this article very interesting and appealing as I have been trying to learn ways to dissertations do sourcing for resumes on the internet. I am trying to persausive essays outsourcing learn ways to form such a string on either google or any other tool/site.
I am new to this and can hardly understand all the requirements.Could you be kind enough to post an article for the same? I have already subscribed on this site. Thanks a lot for your article, i have heard about resume search in google but i dont know how to do it. After reading your article i have got an university dissertations online idea to do it.. i will try. please post me the articles related to this search and job search in US.
i do appriciate your help… Thank you so much. Hey, thanks a lot for all the information you are sharing with. Its real cool. Purdue Center? How ever I would like to online know more about sourcing the resume. Please help me out. I’m really great full about cats resume, this article. I’m currently new in the field of Human Resource.
And I’m currently using an online subscription based resume search. But unfortunately, it’s not enough to university online fullfill my search. I’m currently looking for a faster and accurate resume search. Excellent article, with a ton of great search refining information. I have what seems like a dumb question that I must ask. I am searching Google for Android engineers and have used the by jury essay, following string: android engineer OR Mobile Programmer resume filetype:pdf -guide -events -hire -amazon -job -jobs -manual. I have returned ok results… Here is my question, how do I eliminate European countries and Canada from online, my results? I look forward to your reply. Cats Resume? Thanks again.
Internet Resume Search 2.0 does all the internet search work for you using the major search engines including Google, Yahoo and Bing at: http://www.intelligentsearchagents.com/internet-resume-search.php. Thank you so much for this article. Can you send me few tips with example to university online my personal gmail id email@example.com. Great article! Thank you for essays journey sharing this knowledge. It’s going to be very useful for my searches.
I do have one question though, how do I narrow a search for a SEO expert who needs to have worked on one of the top Alexa 100 sites? Basically, how do I add criteria to my search? how to type the dissertations, keywords for the need requirment……… Designing was passion so got it worked for, have a look on the new trends of cats resume Designers. Hi Glen; I tried your string on Google and indeed was very helpful i getting resumes in USA, but i mostly work on European requirements, can you please advise how to source if i am looking out for profiles in multiple countries in university dissertations online Europe with Bilingual language option. Thanks. Very informative, that’s exactly what i am looking for. Specially in finding that quality resume which sometimes tends to be not so inviting after all,. Day Essays? You got a good theme but sometimes fail in editing, that’s sometimes the sickness of a resume.
You’re right. And, are you kiddin’me, i’ve been looking that information for weeks. Great Post plus i like the website’s layout. University Dissertations? I’m going to bookmark this up for the reliable information that i think i’m gonna be needing sooner or later. Awesome! I was looking for Boolean for zipcode and radius and celebration of pakistan, got here exactly what I was looking for university dissertations plus lot of additional new stuff..Excellent way of putting the persausive on why is wrong, concept and explaination..Thanks for the article!
I am looking for university online guides on recruitment sales techniques such as how to close a candidate or a manager… does anyone can help? Thanks a lot in advance for your help! I learnt a lot from this article…..thanks a lot…… Finding the resume is easy but finding the good resumes with all the page in a research paper, contents is online, very difficult!! Need job send your resume to resumes@reclutaconsultant, For what type of on a journey Position and Company? there is an advanced search in google homepage…u can search for university resumes from there in purdue writing center statements different formats and techniques…try them till u find the right one. thanks.
Thank you so much for writing this article! It is by far the university dissertations, most useful and easy to celebration understand introduction to Boolean I have found. I have a bit of a tailored question for dissertations online you, what is your success in using Boolean to find data scientists? I’ve been having a hard time finding them and was wondering if I was doing something wrong or if they just don’t tend to post their resumes online. I would greatly appreciate any insights you have to offer! (I didn’t see an article about this in cats resume your blog but sorry in university dissertations online advance if it is in there and I missed it.)
can u please mention the trial essay, strings to search resumese with complete details. oh i need to fix my problem in various ways, how could help me in this situation … Cathey is a sourcing and recruiting thought leader with over dissertations 16 years. of experience working in large staffing agency and global RPO. environments (1,000 recruiters and nearly 100,000 hires annually). Starting out his career as a top producing recruiter, he quickly. advanced into senior management roles and now currently serves as the. SVP of page research Strategic Talent Acquisition and Innovation for Kforce, working. out of their renowned National Recruiting Center with over 300.
recruiters. Often requested to university dissertations online speak on sourcing and recruiting best. practices, trends and by jury, strategies, Glen has traveled internationally to. present at university dissertations, many talent acquisition conferences (5X LinkedIn Talent. Connect – U.S. ’10, ’11, ’12, Toronto ’12, London ’12, 2X Australasian. Talent Conference – Sydney Melbourne ’11, ’12, 6X SourceCon, 2X. TruLondon, 2X HCI) and is regularly requested to present to companies. (e.g., PwC, Deloitte, Intel, Booz Allen Hamilton, Citigroup, etc.). Reference Page Research? This. blog is his personal passion and dissertations, does not represent the views or.
opinions of anyone other than himself. – See more at: Good afternoon, this seems very interesting. I am a recruiter and trying to cats resume search for a position within a certain area – how do I do this? Maria Gomez. pls tell about a article on web designer that work on the web designer company and dissertations, also know the method of create websites.
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Essay - the Importance of Medicinal Plants. . Hibiscus in the West, it is a common ornamental plant in university dissertations, the Philippines. As a medicinal herb, it is used as an expectorant for coughs, cold, sore throat, fever and writing thesis statements bronchitis. Lagundi (scientific name: Vitex negundo) - one of the better known of the dissertations online medicinal plants in the Philippines, lagundi (five-leaved chaste tree) is a shrub with many medicinal uses. It is celebration of pakistan day essays, used for the relief and treatment of coughs, asthma, dyspepsia, worms, colic, rheumatism and boils. The root is known to be an expectorant, tonic and febrifuge. Luya (scientific name: Zingiber officinale) or Ginger. It is botanically not a root but a rhizome of the monocotyledonous perennial plant. It has many uses as a medicinal herb with antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, antiviral, diuretic and antiseptic properties. Niyog-niyogan (scientific name: Quisqualis indica L.) - is a vine that is an effective in the elimination of university online intestinal worms, particularly the Trichina and reference in a research paper Ascaris by ingesting its matured dried seeds. Chew (5 to 7 dried seeds for children or 8 to university dissertations 10 seeds for adults) two hours after eating.
Repeat treatment after a week if necessary. Roasted leaves are also used for writing center thesis statements fever and diarrhea while pounded leaves are used for skin diseases. English name: Chinese honey suckle. Oregano (scientific name: Origanum vulgare) - a perennial herb with antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. Dissertations. Commonly used for cooking in the West, it is used as a medicinal plant in cats resume, the Philippines. A decoction of. Words: 894 - Pages: 4. Review on the Importance of Documenting Ethnopharmacological Information on Medicinal Plants. . African Journal of Pharmacy and dissertations Pharmacology Vol. 3(9). pp.
400-403, September, 2009 Available online http://www.academicjournals.org/ajpp ISSN 1996-0816 © 2009 Academic Journals Review Review on the importance of documenting ethnopharmacological information on medicinal plants Berhanemeskel Weldegerima School of Pharmacy, College of of pakistan day essays Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar. P. O. Box 196, Ethiopia. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com. Tel: +251912024213. Accepted 4 June, 2009 This paper reviews and discusses the importance of documenting ethnopharmacological information on medicinal plants. The literature review was done by university collecting relevant information from journal articles, workshop proceedings, books and electronic resources. The review sums up the importance of documenting the indigenous traditional knowledge on medicinal plants as being a vehicle for; (i) preserving cultural heritage, (ii) ethnopharmacological bases of drug research and (ii) preserving of biological diversity.
Key words: Ethnopharmacology, indigenous knowledge, medicinal plants, biological and diversity. INTRODUCTION Local knowledge of indigenous peoples includes information about the ecosystem in general, but also about specific plants used as medicine, food, building material and the like (Leonti et al., 2003). Establishing the historical depth of medicinal plant use is relevant from a variety of essays on a journey perspectives. Not only would it show definitely that. Words: 2809 - Pages: 12. The Controversy with Medicinal Marijuana. . The Controversy with Medicinal Marijuana For thousands of years, marijuana has been used for various medicinal purposes. As early as the 19th century, physicians in the US used marijuana to university dissertations online treat migraines, as an analgesic, as hypnotics and anticonvulsants. However, between the 1st and 2nd World Wars the US vied the production and usage of marijuana as a conflict between the American culture and reference morality.
This conflict resulted in the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937, which was intended to diminish its usage and the production of marijuana through high taxes. In the 1950's, the government started to university dissertations online institute mandatory jail sentences and/or fines for possession of marijuana. Purdue Writing Center Thesis Statements. By the 1960's marijuana became more popular; which resulted in the Controlled Substance Act of 1970. This act classified marijuana in a class with cocaine and like drugs. In the late 70's less-strict policies against dissertations marijuana changed leading to revocation of jail sentences for marijuana charges.
In 1980's Reagan was very strong on the anti-drug policy which changed the policies of the late 70's. Followed by Reagan, George Bush Sr. instituted harsh penalties with marijuana users and distribution. In 1996, California passed Proposition 215, this permitted the use of medicinal marijuana for statements medicinal purposes. As of university November 2008, 13 states have legalized medicinal marijuana. The United States government opposes, to many doctors and patients, when marijuana is suggested to have medicinally legitimate use.
Words: 405 - Pages: 2. . Note to Professor: A lot of my citations say “Prohibition, 2002” and appear to come from the same source over and over again. This is incorrect; this source uses over essays journey 50 other sources, the majority of which I was not able to dissertations visit. So, I simply put down that they came from the NORML website. Purdue Center Statements. The endnotes are on that website if you would like to look. Meghan Wyandt Marijuana: Decriminalization for Medical Use Outline 1. Introduction a. Penalties against drug use should not be more damaging to an individual than the use of the drug itself. Nowhere is online, this more clear than in the laws against the possession of marijuana in private for personal use. -President Jimmy Carter: Message to Congress, August 2, 1977 i. Marijuana has been illegal in the United States since 1937. 2. Cats Resume. Paragraph one: Present the Problem b. What is the problem? ii. Legal prescription drugs do not always offer relief to patients dealing with serious illnesses. Natural Cannabis has been proven in many clinical studies to university offer relief from nausea, tremors, and chronic pain in sufferers.
However, the Federal government completely prohibits the use of marijuana in the United States, for sale or for personal use, including medicinal relief. c. What caused it? iii. The criminalization of marijuana came about after its recognition as an intoxicant in the 1920s and 1930s. During this time, exaggerated accounts of violent crimes allegedly. Words: 2333 - Pages: 10. Synopsis, on Medicinal Plant of essay India.
. Introduction, Concept and university online Justification of the project: Medicinal plants are valuable natural resources which have been used in virtually all cultures. It is estimated that the number of higher plant species used worldwide for medicinal purposes is more than 50,000 (Schippmann et al., 2002). This equates to approximately 20% of the world’s vascular flora and constitutes the biggest spectrum of biodiversity used by people for a specific purpose (Hamilton et al., 2006). In fact, of the total pharmaceutical drug supply available worldwide, only 15% is celebration day essays, consumed in developing countries (Lydecker et al., 1992), supporting the much-quoted WHO’s estimate that 80% of people worldwide rely on traditional medicine for their primary healthcare. The majority of these people are in online, developing countries, where rapid population growth is cats resume, expected to increase pressures on medicinal plant resources. In the recent past the role of medicinal plants to university dissertations online cure various ailments has been reinvented.
Increasing interest by multinational pharmaceutical companies and domestic manufacturers of herbal-based medicines is contributing significant economic growth of the global medicinal plants sector. Purdue Writing Statements. However, unsustainable exploitation of medicinal plants has led to the extinction of many plants and many plants are on the verge of extinction. Internationally, the trade in medicinal plants is estimated to university dissertations be worth $60 billion per year (World Bank, 2004) increasing at a rate of 7% a year (Koul and. Words: 680 - Pages: 3. . This analysis will address the issue of the legalization of marijuana for medicinal purposes. The need for laws to be passed in order to legalize marijuana for medicinal purposes, in the state of Ohio changes need to center thesis be made to our state laws, protecting individuals from prosecution for the use of medical marijuana. History of medical marijuana 2900 BC – 2013: Marijuana has been used for medicinal purposes as far back as 5000 years ago. It was first documented as being used by the Chinese Emperor Chen Nung for online illnesses such as; malaria, constipation, rheumatic pains and female disorders and has over the centuries been used for essays on why ailments from treating venereal diseases, depression, glaucoma, inflammation, edema, depression and snake bites.
It was in 1611 that the Jamestown settlers first brought the marijuana plant, which was commonly called “hemp” to North America; the university online hemp fiber was an important export at that time. Marijuana was used throughout North America for cats resume many years and was even grown by some of our Presidents such as; George Washington who it is dissertations online, said had an interest in the medical uses of marijuana. It was in 1850 that the United States added marijuana to their Pharmacopeia which at that time was the public authority which set the essays on why outsourcing standards for prescriptions and over the counter medications. Up until the 19th century marijuana had been used all over the world for medicinal purposes. The following are events that led to online marijuana being classified as a. Words: 2124 - Pages: 9. . between people and plants is very important for us to survive.
Plants affect every aspect of essays on a journey our lives and indeed, without them life as we know it would not be possible at all. Plants not only regulate the concentration of gases in the air for us to be able to breath, but are also the only organisms capable of transforming sunlight into food energy, which all other forms of life depend upon. People are able to live all over the Earth because of the plants. Online. It is impossible to think about an environment without plants. Celebration. Even environments like the hot desert or freezing polar regions have plants.
The importance of how people interact with the plants and animals it depends of the overall health of the environment as Professor Thomas Murphy explained. We should never forget, that nature, and plants in particular, are the basis of our existence physical as well as spiritually they form the university dissertations online very roots of our human culture. As the message from the trial by jury members of the tribe, “Everyone has to work together to save the planet” Works Cited Gold Park. Welcome to Lynnwood, WA. City of Lynnwood. Web. University Dissertations Online. 15 Nov. 2011. Trial By Jury. http://www.ci.lynnwood.wa.us/Content/Community.aspx?id=365. Topacio, Valerie. Lynnwood's Gold Park Gets a Face Lift.
Online posting. Triton Review. Edmonds Community College, 17 May 2010. Web. 15 Nov. 2011. http://www.edcc.edu/stulife/documents/Triton_Review_Archive/2009- 2010/Spring/050510.pdf.
Words: 1031 - Pages: 5. Essay - the dissertations online Importance of Medicinal Plants. . The Importance of Plants – Medicinal Plants Plants are the backbone of cats resume life on Earth and an essential resource for dissertations online human well being. Celebration Day Essays. Everything humans eat comes directly or indirectly from plants. University Dissertations Online. Plants are the fortitude of all habitats, all wildlife are dependent on plants, except for humans. Plants regulate the water cycle, distributing and purifying water through transpiration. Plants also recycle the air people breathe. Cats Resume. They store carbon and regulate the amounts of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the air. Another way plants are significant are that they are used for medicine. Ever since ancient times they have been used to cure disease or strengthen physical health (faculty.ucr.edu).
An example being the Egyptians, according to records dating to 1,600 BC, plants such as sage, camomile and sweet basil were believed to cure sore throats and headaches (naturalnews.com). In modern time, plants are still used as a variety of treatments to physical problems of the dissertations online body. It is estimated that in China 40% of medicine comes from persausive on why outsourcing plants and in Pakistan 80% (botanical-online.com). Many conventional drugs originate from plant sources: some of the most effective drugs are plant based, such as aspirin taken from bark of university willow and morphine taken from the opium poppy. The roots of rhubarb are used as a tonic and laxative for indigestion. The inner bark of the slippery elm is used to sooth inflamed tissue. Aloe is one of the widest and most known plants used for treatments. Essays Journey. Up. Words: 1743 - Pages: 7. Essay on the Importance of Communication in Project Management.
. Week 1 Discussion Question From my observation in my current field of work and university dissertations based on essays is wrong, my past experience in the project management field, communication is an important aspect of any project. So far into the online master’s programme, the importance of communication has been emphasized by the institution and by the comprehensibility of the need for it. Given the online nature of the Masters programme, the need to constantly and dissertations online effectively communicate is paramount because communication is like the cord that connects the participants in the absence of a traditional meeting place such as a physical classroom. In A Research. Through communication, the global community is dissertations online, not just expanding but is fast becoming one global community. Effective communication is purdue center statements, a current trend in my current field of work. As an entrepreneur and production manager in my establishment, I receive orders from clients and have to ensure they are delivered them on time, within budget and according to specifications. To do this, I have to ensure that the client’s objectives/requirements are clearly communicated. University. Maintaining active communication between the supply-chain, production team and day essays the client has been critical to successful deliveries in my business. I also manage contracts which translate into university dissertations online mini projects which like every other project, have to meet the client’s requirements.
I need project management skills to keep focused on client needs in order to deliver their objectives. How does communication. Words: 814 - Pages: 4. Jatropha Gossypiifolia L. (Euphorbiaceae): a Review of Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, and Toxicology of This Medicinal Plant. . covers about 7,800 species distributed in approximately 300 genera and persausive on why outsourcing 5 subfamilies worldwide. These species occur preferentially in tropical and subtropical environments [1, 2]. Among the university dissertations main genera belonging to this family, there is Jatropha L., which belongs to the subfamily Crotonoideae, Jatropheae tribe and is represented by about 200 species. This genus is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and the Americas .
The name “Jatropha” is derived from the Greek words “jatros,” which means “doctor” and “trophe,” meaning “food,” which is associated with its medicinal uses . The Jatropha genus is divided into two subgenera, Jatropha and curcas, from which the subgenus Jatropha has the widest distribution, with species found in Africa, India, South America, West Indies, Central America, and the Caribbean . Jatropha species are used in traditional medicine to cure various ailments in Africa, Asia, and Latin America or as ornamental plants and energy crops . Several known species from genus Jatropha have been reported for their medicinal uses, chemical constituents, and biological activities such as Jatropha curcas, Jatropha elliptica, 2 Jatropha gossypiifolia, and Jatropha mollissima, among others . From these species, Jatropha gossypiifolia L. (Figure 1) is discussed here.
It is reference page in a, a vegetal species widely known as “bellyache bush” and university dissertations online is a multipurpose medicinal plant largely used in folk medicine for the treatment of various. Words: 16784 - Pages: 68. . Cats Resume. Medicinal Cannabis….what’s all the hype? Medicinal Cannabis Jennifer L. Mello COM/156 Abstract I am writing this research paper not just to inform you, but to dissertations online help educate you. There are many proven scientific trials and methods of medicinal cannabis.
The research that I have found has truly enlightened my way of of pakistan thinking. University. Segal, Ph.D. (2012), The Jamestown settlers brought the marijuana plant, commonly known as hemp, to North America in 1611, and throughout the colonial period, hemp fiber was an important export. Indeed, in 1762, 'Virginia awarded bounties for hemp culture and manufacture, and imposed penalties on those who did not produce it.” (Jamestown Settlers Bring Marijuana to North America). Booth (2005). Medicinal Cannabis….what's all the hype? The therapeutic qualities are marvelous. Cannabinoids offer the following for patient’s antipastic, analgesic, antiemetic, neuroprotective, and anti-inflammatory actions. People who suffer from psychiatric diseases have found relief with their conditions ranging from depression, anxiety, bipolar, and similar mood disorders.
The National Institute of Health, also known to many people as NIH. This organization states that medical marijuana helps a great deal with chemotherapy, and nausea. Hero's Journey. Letting the cancer patient consume food. They have also found that people who suffer from epileptic seizures that use medicinal cannabis helps to prevent them altogether. (Potter, 1998). Cancer patients who are. Words: 1474 - Pages: 6. . University Dissertations Online. Topic: what is Medicinal Chemistry in celebration, the 21st century? | Name Kambura N. University Dissertations. 201405016 | Lecturer:B.A. RickertsF Group | TABLE OF CONTENTS 1………………………………………………Cover page 2………………………………………………Introduction: What is Medicinal chemistry? 3……………………………………………. Body: The pharmaceutical industry Global generics Chemistry in a nutshell 4………………………………………………Conclusion End of academic essay In Medicinal chemistry , the chemist attempts to design and synthesize medicine or a pharmaceutical agent which will benefit humanity .Additionally Oxford define medicinal chemistry as the cats resume application of chemical research techniques to the synthesis of Pharmaceutical agent. University. Question here is how is medicinal chemistry applied in thee most advanced centaury off technology, widgets and gadgets?
This text is aimed to by jury essay clarify just that. A pharmaceutical supplement is a compound also commonly called a `drug` but according to Goeltze(2000) who is a chemist at the University of Ukraine gave a general opinion in an interview, stating that many scientist dislike the term `drug` since society views the word with suspicion. Online. With media headlines such as “drug trafficking In Namibia” or “Drug Addiction sweeps city streets”, this is cats resume, hardly surprising .However, Medicinal Chemistry suggests that a distinction can be made between drugs which. Words: 1132 - Pages: 5. . Online. Whether humans like it or not, machines are becoming more and essays outsourcing is wrong popular in the workplace and are decreasing the need for humans to work those jobs. This can lead to university dissertations online advancement of society, a greater end product or service, and even a lower consumer cost of goods. Many people are frightened of change, but unfortunately for cats resume them, the past is university dissertations, gone and now we must look to the future.
Scoring Explanation Ideas and Analysis = 5 This argument engages productively with multiple perspectives. By viewing each perspective through the page paper lens of a particular ideology, the writer establishes and employs a thoughtful context for analysis. Within this context, the writer articulates and addresses implications that range from benefits for university dissertations online industry to efficiencies for consumers. Competing views are also evaluated within this framework of capitalist ideals. The writer grants that intelligent machines reduce human interactions in in a research paper, places like the dissertations online grocery store but argues that this is celebration of pakistan, a good thing, as it allows for a more efficient experience for the consumer. In this way, the writer has addressed two values in university online, tension, and an evaluation of the conflict serves to advance the argument. Development and purdue writing Support = 5 The essay is focused on university dissertations, its purpose throughout; the entire response works in service of the larger argument. The reasoning and illustration in purdue statements, each body paragraph function to deepen understanding of dissertations why the writer believes that the benefits of intelligent machines outweigh.
Words: 976 - Pages: 4. . Table of cats resume Contents Executive Summary 2 1. Introduction 4 1.1 Brief company overview 4 1.2 State the report objectives and scope 4 2. Competitive Priorities 4 2.1 Company’s business mission, strategy 4 2.2 What business strategy does the company use to compete? 4 3. Define and discuss the importance of 4V’s 5 3.1Volume 5 3.2Variety . 5 3.3Variation 6 3.4 Visibility 6 4. IKEA’s operations regarding 4 V’s……………………………………………………………………………………………….6 4.1 Volume………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………6 4.2 Variety………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………6 4.3 Variation……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………6 4.4 Visibility………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7 5 IKEA operations against five designated performance objectives………………………………………………7 5.1 Cost……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7 5.2 Quality……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….7 5.3 Dependability…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….7 5.4 Speed…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7 5.5 Flexibility……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7 6 Bibliography 8 Introduction Brief company overview IKEA is a private Sweden based furniture manufacturing company, which is in making ready to assemble furniture’s like bed, chairs, sofas and other home products. IKEA is university dissertations, one of the biggest furniture retailers in the world and cats resume well known because of dissertations its innovative and eco. Words: 1861 - Pages: 8. . IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION IN MODERN WORLD In the modern city, education is essential for every child. Education is a preparation for students before entering the society. School play the important role in educates and trial provoke the dissertations talent of the young generation to become a successful person in the future.
Parents pinned their hopes, ambitions, and dream on their children. With this in mind, many parents try their best to let their children enroll in high qualification school. High qualification school will provide the good learning facilities, good learning atmosphere and environment to students. According to the historical record, the reference in a research paper famous Chinese philosopher Mencius moved home three times due to his mother wants Mencius to improve his education. Besides, Kautilya, he is a philosopher, royal adviser, professor of university dissertations economics and essays on why outsourcing is wrong political science in dissertations, India.
He sufficient emphasis on hero's journey, the importance of education. Another key thing to remember that even a poor family also insists that send their children to school to university get an education. In this day and age, provides a good education to every child is a contentious issue. Hence, the three discussion of the importance of education in the modern world is to change people’s life , to improve personal development and to innovative and improve technology. The importance of cats resume education is to change people’s Life.
According to Anonymous (2012), education not only to get a job and also let people to leading a better future.