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Essays on a hero's journey

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A Hero's Journey Essay

Essays on a hero's journey

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Heros Journey - Essay

annotate essays Once upon a time there was a hard-working student who paid close attention to on a, lectures, studied hard, and persausive outsourcing is wrong learned how to cite properly in both MLA and APA format. The sun shone brightly. Then one day a dark cloud overshadowed the world. A professor asked the student to write an annotated bibliography. The student grew pale. On A Hero's? She thought she had mastered all things related to reference in a research, citation. She didn’t want to learn how to write anything so terrible sounding as an annotated bibliography . She closed her eyes tightly and wished her fairy godmother would magically write the annotated bibliography for her. POOF! Her fairy godmother appeared! “I will grant your wish….well, sorta,” said the fairy godmother. “I will not write the annotated bibliography for you, but I will teach you how to write one, thus enabling you to use the skill in on a hero's journey your future courses.” She wrote this blog post to teach all students how to write an literature window on the essay annotated bibliography that works.

What Is an Annotated Bibliography? An annotated bibliography is simply a bibliography with annotations. Okay, that doesn’t help much, does it? Really, though, that’s all it is. You know how to write a Works Cited or Reference page, right? If you’ve mastered this, the essays next step is to reference in a, simply add the essays on a annotations. Annotations include a summary of the work, a critique of the author or credibility of the reference page in a paper source, and a discussion of whether or not the source will be useful to your research.

Why Write an Annotated Bibliography? I’m sure you’re saying, “Give me one good reason why I should write an annotated bibliography.” I’ll do better than that. I’ll give you three! 1. It’s a course assignment. If you want to do well in the course, you need to do it. Enough said. 2 . An annotated bibliography helps you become a better researcher.

In order to write an annotated bibliography, you need to essays on a hero's journey, be able to summarize the source. This means you’ll need to take the time to read it carefully. You can’t just find a source and add it to the list without reading it. You also need to evaluate the source and decide whether or not it’s credible and whether or not it’s useful. About Being A Hero? Doing so means you’ll choose sources more carefully and actually search for useful information. No more picking the essays hero's journey first few websites that show up on a Google search and edexcel trying to essays on a hero's journey, make them fit. 3. An annotated bibliography saves you time.

If you’re writing a research paper with three sources, it’s pretty easy to remember what you read in each source. If, on the other hand, you’re writing a longer research paper and research using 10 or more sources, it’s not that easy. Imagine you’re on on a hero's journey page 5 of your research essay, and you remember reading the perfect quote about binge drinking in…um…well, you read it in one of edexcel mathematics coursework your sources, somewhere . Essays On A Journey? Unless you have some magic fairy dust to help remember everything you’ve read, you’ll likely spend 25 minutes looking for that perfect quote. Trust me, writing an limitations case annotated bibliography may seem like a major pain now, but once you see how much time it will save you, and once you see a good grade on your paper, you’ll be happy you wrote it. Do your research! You can’t exactly write an annotated bibliography without sources, so start researching! RESEARCH TIP: Save, bookmark, or print more sources than you think you’ll need. Sometimes even the seemingly best sources just don’t quite work for your paper.

Read and on a hero's journey take notes. You don’t have to a dark on the soul essay, spend hours taking notes on every little detail, but you should mark the following, as you’ll need them to write your annotations: The main ideas of the source Questions or comments about the argument’s or author’s credibility Key points or quotes that you might include in your paper Whether or not the essays on a hero's source will be useful in your research paper. Now that you’ve found your sources and taken notes, we can get down to 3rd grade book charlotte's, the business of on a writing. Remember, there will be no waiving of fairy godmother wands to reference page, magically produce a completed annotated bibliography. You will need to write your own.

So let’s get started. How to Write an Annotated Bibliography that Works. Not all annotated bibliographies are written in the same way. On A Journey? Some include primarily summary and literature opens window on the essay informative annotations. Others include a critique of sources. Most annotated bibliographies contain some combination of essays hero's elements and can vary in word count.

Don’t assume you know which type you should be writing. Ask your professor about the exact requirements for soul, your assignment. Follow these 3 steps to learn about the basics of essays on a how to write an annotated bibliography. Step 1: Cite your source in proper APA, MLA, or other required citation style. Each of your entries will begin with a full bibliographic entry. This entry looks just like the entry you’d include on a regular Works Cited or Reference page. Mathematics Coursework? Entries are even alphabetized by author’s last name, just like a Works Cited or Reference page. Essays Hero's? Here’s an example I created to edexcel mathematics coursework, show you what the citation will look like. Robertson, A. (2012).

Why fairy tales are important. Psychology Today. (13) 2, 210-222. MLA format – 7th edition. Roberston, Ann. “Why Fairy Tales are Important.” Psychology Today. 13.2 (2012): 210-222. Print. On A Hero's Journey? MLA format – 8th edition. Roberston, Ann. “Why Fairy Tales Are Important.” Psychology Today, vol.

13, no. 2, 2012, pp. 210-222. Step 2: Summarize the 3rd grade book report charlotte's web source. A summary explains the main ideas of the source. Someone else should be able to read your summary and know exactly what the source is about. This isn’t the time to tell readers whether or not you like the source. Be objective. Just state what the source is essays about. No more, no less. Here’s an example of what a summary of an article might look like.

Robertson’s article argues that fairy tales are important because they teach children moral tales of 3rd grade book web right and wrong and on a hero's journey provide children an web outlet for their emotions. Essays On A Hero's? Fairy tales also allow children to essays on why is wrong, develop their imagination and critical thinking as they journey with characters to magical lands. Step 3: Evaluate the source. Here’s your chance to write a brief paragraph or two to on a, tell readers what you think of the source and how it fits into your own research. I’ve color coded the questions you should ask, so that you can clearly see what’s going on in my example below.

Ask yourself these questions : Is the author credible? What did I like or not like about the source? Are the arguments effective? Does the of single case study author support her arguments? What are the strengths and weaknesses? How might I incorporate this source into my paper? Answering these types of questions will help you formulate an effective critique and evaluation of each source.

Here’s an example of what your evaluation might look like. Dr. Robertson is a well-known children’s psychologist who also has elementary education experience. Her articles are published in a number of peer-reviewed journals, and her work is essays considered credible . Beowulf Being? The article will be an excellent source for on a hero's, my paper because it includes recent studies about children’s appreciation for fairy tales and features a detailed discussion of why fairy tales are beneficial to children . Literature Opens A Dark On The Soul? Robertson even includes interviews with children that I may be able to essays on a hero's journey, use in my introduction . That wasn’t as bad as you thought, was it? Just three quick steps and you have an annotated bibliography! If you need a quick way to remember the 3rd grade book report charlotte's steps in writing an annotated bibliography, just remember CSE : Cite, Summarize, Evaluate. Writing your annotated bibliography in essays on a small steps can make a large task seem far less intimidating. Now that you know how to write each part of an annotated bibliography, the final step is to put it all together and make sure it’s in proper format. Follow these links to see a completed annotated bibliography.

At the end of the day, the student learned how to write an annotated bibliography. She knew she needed to write an appropriate MLA or APA citation followed by a summary and evaluation of the literature opens on the essay source. The student worked diligently to write an annotated bibliography then had a Kibin editor review her work. Both the on a journey fairy godmother and the student were delighted when the student received her final grade. And they all lived happily ever after. Useful Resources to being, Help Write an Annotated Bibliography. Writing an Annotated Bibliography: This source includes a list of verbs to help you write about and summarize sources. Annotated Bibliography: Tips for Writing: This source includes an overview of how to write an annotated bibliography and a template to help you write annotations. Finally, this short video provides a basic overview of an on a annotated bibliography. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades!

Get inspiration from over beowulf essays 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Susan M. Inez is a professor of English and writing goddess based out of the essays Northeast. I am a freshman in college and I found this very helpful. Report Web? Thank you for posting this for us students who need the information! This will also help me on my future Biology Lab Reports #128578; Sweet! We love to hero's journey, hear this. Thanks for your kind comment.

I#8217;d definitely recommend that you check out the resources at the end of the blog post #8212; there#8217;s lots of helpful information there, plus sample annotated bibliographies in MLA and APA styles. Gcse? Let me know if you have a specific question that isn#8217;t answered! It is really helpful for me doing my resarch paper.

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A Hero s Journey Essay - 1067 Words

Homework assignments to essays enhance student engagement in secondary education. Secondary school teachers often complain that their students show a disengaged attitude in class. Students do not prepare for lessons, they show a passive attitude towards classroom activities and they have a limited awareness of their own learning process. Based on a pilot study, four homework assignments were designed, implemented, and evaluated to stimulate students to beowulf essays about being prepare for history lessons and subsequently show a more engaged attitude and involvement in classroom activities. Two groups of, in total 50, 11th grade students of pre-university education participated in one group pre- post-test design. Data on student engagement in class is essays on a hero's gathered by class observation: time on task, their level of activity, and amount and reference page in a research variety of questions students asked.

Students’ motivation and perceived learning outcomes are measured by means of on a, a self-report: Three of the four homework assignments (jigsaw, preparing analytical skills, and the fragmented assessment) showed increase in student engagement compared to the baseline of the first two classes. Implications for practice are discussed. Studies have characterized high school students, in particular, as bored, staring out classroom windows, counting the seconds for the bell to ring, and pervasively disengaged from the learning process (Goodlad 1984 ; Larson and Richards 1991 ). Many teachers think that their students are disengaged in edexcel gcse mathematics coursework, class and show little awareness of essays on a, their own learning process. The mostly heard complaint is that students do not prepare for class as they make only little use of book, instructional materials, extracurricular activities and essays on a hero's journey assignments, and being a hero feedback of teachers to learn outside school. This lack of engagement outside school also leads to essays on a journey a passive attitude in class: Students complete the window essay minimum of exercises that is needed for their exam (Battin-Pearson et al. 2000 ; Jonassen and Blondal 2005 ; Allen et al. On A Hero's Journey! 2007 ) However, certain educational designs might promote excitement and engagement. In this study, we see students’ class preparation outside school as a necessary condition for their engagement in class.

The problem of this study therefore is beowulf about how students can be encouraged to prepare class, not with the primary objective of gaining knowledge, but with the aim to become more engaged and active during the essays on a hero's journey lesson. Student learning, engagement, and homework. Recent thinking on teaching and learning has been influenced by several theories of learning, including behavioral learning theory, cognitive learning theory, and on why outsourcing is wrong social learning theory, rooted in the works of Dewey, Piaget, and Vygotsky. Jonassen et al. Essays On A Hero's Journey! ( 1999 ), in their constructivist approach to learning with technology, described instructional principles or characteristics of learning environments which are based on essays on why, a synthesis of several theories of learning. They argue that meaningful learning only occurs when learners are engaged in knowledge construction, conversation, articulation, collaboration, authentic context, and reflection.

Barak ( 2006 ) derived four similar instructional principles from multiple learning theories. The first principle, learning is on a hero's journey contextual , is based on theories of situated cognition (e.g., Brown et al. 1989 ) contending that knowledge is inseparable from the contexts and activities within which it is acquired. Learning occurs only when students process new information in a meaningful way that makes sense within their own frames of reference. The second principle is learning is an active process . As most people, students learn better through their own experiences, than through passive acceptance of information provided by others or through technical means. Students actively construct knowledge by charlotte's web, integrating new information and experiences into essays hero's journey what they have previously come to understand, revising, and gcse coursework reinterpreting old knowledge in order to on a journey reconcile it with the new.

Consequently, educators should see teaching as means of knowledge construction and discovery, rather than of beowulf essays about being a hero, knowledge transfer of its passive acceptance (Johnson and Aragon 2003 ; Salomon 1998 ). The third principle, learning is a social process , is on a based on the work of Vygotsky ( 1978 ). This principle means that student learning is associated with the process of discourse between the student and other people—peers, teachers, experts, parents, and casual acquaintances. Lave and beowulf being Wenger ( 2002 ) combine the first and third principle as they claim social learning to be a function of the on a activity, context, and culture in which it occurs (i.e., it is situated). Social interaction is a critical component of situated learning—learners become involved in a community of practice which embodies certain beliefs and behaviors to be acquired. The fourth principle of learning means that reflective practice plays a central role in learning . Page! In his landmark work on hero's journey, reflection, Schon described the concept of reflection-in-action as consisting of “on-the-spot surfacing, criticizing, restructuring and testing of in a research, intuitive understanding of experienced phenomena which often takes the form of a reflective conversation with the situation” (Schon 1983 , pp. 241–242). However, all these ideas on meaningful student learning—whether it should be active, creative, reflective, contextual, or social—infer that students are engaged with school and learning.

Student effort, or the extent to which students perform activities in essays, school, is a major indicator of the engagement with school learning (Astin 1984 ; Pascarella 1985 ). Kuh et al. showed that student engagement leads to higher achievements and has a positive effect on long-term learning outcomes as well as the personal development of the student (Carini et al. 2006 ; Kuh 2009 ). Stoeber et al. ( 2011 ) found another indicator of student engagement with learning and school. In their study, they showed that a controlled (not obsessive) passion to study led to higher student engagement. Not only is the relationship between student activity and learning outcomes important; students themselves prefer active and participatory education, more than traditional education (Harris and Haydn 2008 ). Students find activating work methods fun, it motivates them and beowulf about being a hero they have the essays on a feeling that they learn. Many of the activating work methods that have been developed in recent years focus on the activity of students within one or two lessons. The extent to which activating work methods in class actually lead to opens window on the essay activities of journey, students is often impeded by a lack of class preparation of the students. Students who show limited activity in the class will eventually experience less fun in learning activities and become bored and book charlotte's frustrated (Skinner et al.

2008 ). So, one of the ways to stimulate student activity and student motivation is the work they do on essays on a, homework. Homework can be defined as any task assigned by schoolteachers intended for students to carry out during nonschool hours (cf., Cooper 1989 ). Generally, a positive relationship is found between doing homework and school results. In their review of research on effects of essays on why is wrong, homework, Cooper et al. ( 2006 ) demonstrated a positive relationship between homework of students and their school results in terms of on a, both class grades and standardized test scores. This positive relationship was found for edexcel coursework multiple subjects, but for secondary school students only. On A Journey! With respect to the time students spend on study, their homework, the authors concluded that the essays on a hero's journey optimum benefits of literature opens a dark on the soul, homework for secondary school students lie between 1.5 and 2.5 h. Based on multilevel analyses, Trautwein ( 2007 ) also concluded that completing homework has a positive effect on students’ achievements.

The author only found a positive effect of the frequency of working on homework assignments, not of the average amount of time students spent on essays journey, their homework. However, Epstein and Van Voorhis ( 2001 ) concluded that students performed better in school when they spent more time in page in a research, general on their homework. These authors argued that the teacher also contributed by checking the homework assignments. Finally, Paschal et al. ( 2003 ) showed that setting homework had the best effect if the completed homework assignments were credited or provided with feedback. So, student homework can have an influence on on a journey, students’ performance in class. Despite the growing knowledge based on the relationships between homework and achievements, four problems came up with drawing conclusions about the value of homework assignments in secondary education (cf., Cooper et al.

2006 ; Corno 1996 ). Limitations! First, many of the references to the value of homework for achievements provide ambiguous outcomes due to the fact the purposes of homework assignments in these studies vary and hero's journey include both instructional and non-instructional objectives. Second, these references provide little or no information about the opens a dark window specific characteristics that are (assumed to on a be) responsible for the impact of homework assignments. Third, as Cooper et al. ( 2006 ) concluded in their review, most of the literature a dark on the effects of homework on on a, outcomes other than achievement have never been put to empirical test. Fourth, homework with the purpose of limitations of single study research, enhancing class instruction is underrepresented. Most research is about homework with the purpose to practice or review material that has already been presented in class. Mulhenbruck et al. ( 1999 ) found that homework serves different purposes at different grade levels. Elementary school teachers used homework more often to essays on a hero's journey review material already covered in class. Secondary school teachers were more likely to use homework to prepare students for work yet to page in a research paper come and to enrich classroom activities.

These findings are consistent with the essays on a journey notion that teachers believe young students do not yet have the skills to benefit greatly from unstructured home study. Homework assignments that vary, differentiate, offer students a choice, and window have a limited content seem to trigger student engagement (Ames 1992 ). What are the effects of the various homework assignments on students’ time on hero's journey, task and their level of limitations, participation in class? Are these effects different for boys and girls? What are the essays hero's effects of the various homework assignments on the type of student questions in class? What are the effects of the various homework assignments on students’ class motivation and their perceived learning outcomes? To what extent do various teaching formats differ in students’ time on beowulf essays being a hero, task and the level of participation in class? The research design. O1 and O2 pre-test (baseline); O3 , O4 , O5 , and O6 post-test; O7 delayed post-test; X1 , X2 , X3 , and X4 four different homework assignments; L1 – L7 lessons 1–7 (one lesson per week) Students benefit from the possibility to on a hero's journey choose their assignments. If students get autonomy over their own learning process, they will be more inclined to learn.

Students should be aware of the aim of each homework assignment. These aims should be unambiguously formulated in gcse mathematics, terms students understand. Homework assignments should be straightforward. Teachers need to essays on a hero's journey be able to apply the literature opens window essay instructional activity easily and students should be able to hero's journey complete the assignments in time. Homework should be preparatory for the lesson. The acquisition of in-depth knowledge and about complex skills should be part of the lesson with teacher supervision. Homework assignment 1: preparing analytical skills ( lesson 3 ) This homework assignment 1 promoted knowledge acquisition at home in order to prepare them to practice analytical skills in class. The strategy included four phases, two at home and two in essays on a hero's, class. The first two phases (at home) asked students to look carefully at a propaganda poster and to identify all elements. This means answering questions as; ‘what is edexcel happening in the poster’, ‘who are the people in het poster’, and ‘do you recognize any symbols used’. The last two phases (in class) asked students to examine the goal and the technique of the poster in order to answer explanatory and analytical questions.

In this way, students learned to analyze propaganda posters and they hopefully experienced that class preparation—i.e., going through all phases—resulted in a more profound analysis. Homework assignment 2: the fragmented assessment (spread over essays on a journey six lessons) This homework assignment meant that each lesson students completed a part of a test, spread over six lessons. For each lesson, students learned only one sixth of the book report charlotte's materials, and they had the essays on a journey possibility to practice a test question. In class, they had the opportunity to ask questions before completing the part of the reference test about the materials they studied at home. Homework assignment 3: jigsaw assignment ( lesson 4 ) With the jigsaw assignment, students prepared at home different materials on a complex concept. For example, the concept of National Socialism is spread over four questions (What is an ideology, and essays on a hero's what are the characteristics of fascism, racial doctrine and Lebensraum). In class, they discussed each part in order to get an overview of the whole concept. Then, students had to apply their acquired knowledge in another assignment in class which contained source materials and questions. Each student prepared one source and then they had to discuss the additional information and research paper their analysis with each other.

Homework assignment 4: student choice ( lesson 5 ) This homework assignment meant that students were allowed to choose their own assignment. All assignments were grouped on topic and difficulty. Students started at home and completed the assignments in class. On A! Students could choose for example, to analyze propaganda posters or to analyze a part of mathematics coursework, film ‘The great dictator’. On A Hero's! So, students could choose an assignment at their own ability level and matching the learning style they preferred. In this study, two groups of 50 grade 11 students in total (group 1, 22 students; group 2, 29 students) participated.

These students attended pre-university education in one school in a small town in the southeast of the Netherlands. The students were 16 or 17 years old and 35 of reference in a research, them were female. Data was gathered by means of on a hero's, class observations and a self-report questionnaire. Each lesson was recorded by page research paper, two video cameras with a different perspective on the students in class. With the observational data, four variables were measured: students’ time on task in class, their level of essays on a hero's journey, student participation, the questions students asked in class and the teaching formats applied in class. For homework assignment 2 (fragmented assessment) only students’ questions were collected as no variance was expected for the other three variables. A delayed post-test was administered in lesson 7 for group 1 only.

Students’ class motivation and their perceived learning outcomes were measured by means of a questionnaire. The coding units were 3 ? 6 units of paper, 30 s of each lesson. This means that there were eighteen 30-s coding units per journey, lesson. The three periods of 3 min were spread over the lesson, based on different teaching formats used. Students’ time on task was measured on a five-point Likert-type scale, with 1 = completely off-task and 5 = completely on task . Students were on-task when they made notes, participated in the discussion, asked questions, or were listening. Students were off-task when they did not pay any attention to the tasks or the teacher. The time on essays, task was registered for each individual student in on a hero's, class. Book Report Charlotte's! Interobserver agreement was established between two researchers based on 48 coding units, the correlation between both scores was satisfactory ( r = 0.74).

For the level of student participation in essays hero's journey, class, we used the same coding units as with time on task. Student participation in class was measured using a five-point Likert scale, with 1 = very passive and 5 = very active . Students were active when they took notes, asked questions, and discussed; and they were passive when they were listening, kept quiet, or were reading. The interobserver agreement, based on 48 coding units and two researchers, was r = 0.72. For each lesson, all student questions were coded with the question as coding unit. Two main categories of student questions were distinguished: questions that focus on the content and questions aimed at learning a (historical) skill (e.g., How can I see the propaganda technique ‘prestige’ from the opens a dark source?). For the main category content, student questions were clustered into five subcategories (based on the typology of Bloom 1956 ): knowledge questions (When did Hitler come into power?), comprehension questions (How did Hitler come into power?), application questions (How did Hitler make use of the political context?), analysis questions (Can you compare society in Germany in the 1930s with the one in Italy?), and evaluation questions (Could the on a hero's political coup by Hitler have been prevented?). Motivation and perceived learning outcomes. Students’ motivation and their perceived learning outcomes with respect to the four homework assignments were measured in both groups by reference page in a research, means of a questionnaire in lessons 7 and 11, respectively (i.e. the essays on a first lesson after the beowulf being a hero final implementation of the homework assignment). The questionnaire was piloted with grade 10 students. Motivation with respect to their homework in the four interventions was measured by three items.

First, students had to on a hero's report the extent to which they completed their homework (on a five-point Likert-type scale with 1 = in total and 5 = not at essays about a hero, all ). Hero's Journey! Second, two statements were provided: one that homework was nice to do and one that home work was challenging. These items used a five-point Likert-type scale, with 1 = totally disagree and 5 = totally agree . Perceived learning outcomes were measured by four statements (on a five-point Likert-type scale, with 1 = totally disagree and 5 = totally agree), for each of the four interventions (By doing my homework it improved my understanding of the lesson, doing homework was a meaningful activity, I learned a lot of doing my homework, and it would be good to repeat this homework next time). Based on an inspection of the being a hero observation data, five teaching formats were distinguished: (1) self-regulated individual work, (2) self-regulated group work, (3) teacher-task instructions, (4) teacher-led classroom discussion, and (5) teacher explanation of the on a journey subject matter. Each time on task/level of participation unit received a teaching format code (W1, W2, W3, W4, or W5) As the two groups did not differ significantly in reference in a, time on task and essays on a hero's level of participation, we merged the data from both classes. And as the two pre-tests did not significantly differ in time on task and the level of book charlotte's, participation, we used their average scores as pre-test. Paired t tests were used between the pre-test, on the one hand, and each of the post-tests and the delayed post-test, on the other hand, to answer research question 1 (with time-on task and essays hero's level of class participation as dependent variables) and research question 4 (with student motivation and literature window essay perceived learning outcomes as dependent variables). Independent sample t tests were used to answer research question 2 with gender as independent variable and on a journey the difference scores (between pre-test and post-tests) on time on task and the level of class participation as dependent variables.

As we performed a series of t test in these cases, we adapted the original significance level of 5 % based on the Bonferroni correction method (5 % divided by the number of analyses). Information about edexcel gcse coursework, student questions was analyzed at the level of each lesson. Descriptive statistics were used to provide information about the on a hero's frequencies of student questions. Univariate analysis of variance with Scheffe post hoc analyses were used to reference paper answer the research question about essays on a, differences between teaching formats (question 5). Teaching format was the independent variable and time on task and level of research, class participation were the dependent variables. Time on task and level of class participation.

Means and standard deviations (between brackets) for essays on a time on essays about being a hero, task and level of class participation. Preparing analytical skills. Means and essays journey standard deviations (between brackets) for time on task and level of class participation. After all the homework assignments were completed, a post-test and a delayed post-test was carried out. The students differed significantly in time on task and class participation between the pre-test and both post-tests.

Students were more time-on task in lessons 6 and 7 ( t (36) = ?7.35, p 0.001, d = 2.22 and t (26) = ?7.95, p 0.001, d = 2.4), compared to the pre-test. Similar results with respect to class participation which showed that students participated more in lesson 6 ( t (36) = ?6.01, p 0.001, d = 1.81) and in lesson 7 ( t (1.26) = ?7.48, p 0.001, d = 2.26) compared with the pre-test. This describes the effect of the total amount of edexcel mathematics coursework, homework assignments. Differences between boys and girls in time on task and the class participation. There were no significant differences between boys and girls in increase in time on task and in class participation between the pre-test and essays on a journey all post-tests. So, the effects of the homework assignments as mentioned above were not different for 3rd grade book charlotte's boys and hero's girls.

In all lessons girls scored higher than boys on both time on essays being a hero, task and journey class participation. Number of questions asked (in pretest, interventions, and both posttests) Preparing analytical skills. The fragmented assessment. Pretest is an book web average of the two pre-tests. The delayed post-test was only carried out in one group. In all classes taken together, knowledge-oriented questions were asked most frequently (45 times).

Questions in which students analyzed the essays on a hero's journey subject were asked especially in window on the, the preparatory assignment (five times) and the fragmented test (10 times), with a total of essays hero's journey, 22 questions. Three out of four evaluative questions were asked during the fragmented test. Student motivation and literature a dark window soul perceived learning outcomes. Student motivation and perceived learning outcomes. Preparation analytical task. I have done the homework for this assignment.

I found the assignment useful. I could understand the teacher better. I could participate better in essays hero's journey, class. I have learned a lot from this assignment. I liked the assignment. I found the gcse mathematics assignment challenging. I find the assignment repeatable.

Perceived learning outcomes were measured by four indicators: usefulness, improving teacher understanding, improving class understanding, and perceived learning. Hero's! The scores on the fragmented test were significantly higher for about a hero usefulness (compared with jigsaw, t (39) = 4.99, p 0.001 and student choice, t (38) = 3.32, p = 0.002), for understanding the teacher (compared with the jigsaw assignment, t (36) = 3.40, p = 0.002), and for perceived learning (compared with the on a hero's jigsaw assignment, t (38) = 5.07, p 0.001). For perceived learning, we also found significant differences between the literature a dark window on the jigsaw assignment, on the one hand, and preparing analytical tasks ( t (38) = 3.07, p = 0.004) and student choice ( t (35) = ?3.04, p = 0.004), both with lower scores for the jigsaw assignment. No significant differences were found between the four homework assignments with respect to the extent to which students understood what was told in class. Finally, we asked students whether they would like it when the homework assignments were repeated. In two cases, we found a significant difference.

The jigsaw assignment again generally scored lower than preparing analytical tasks ( t (37) = 4.71, p 0. On A Hero's Journey! 001) and student choice ( t (36) = ?3.52, p = 0.001). Teaching formats and time on task and essays about activity. We found a relationship between teaching formats applied in a lesson, on the one hand, and students’ time on task ( F (4, 637) = 16.72, p 0.001) and class participation ( F (4, 637) = 45.43, p 0.001), on the other hand. On A Journey! Post hoc analyses (Scheffe) showed that teacher’s task instructions led to less time on task of on why outsourcing is wrong, students (all differences with p 0.029) and lower class participation of students (all differences with p 0.01). Furthermore, students participated significantly more in class during self-regulated work (whether this was individual or group work) compared to essays on a journey the other teaching formats (all differences with p 0.001). In general, the homework assignments developed to enhance students’ homework activities, did have an effect on students’ time on about being, task in class as well as their class participation. Although students were the least motivated, the jigsaw assignment led to the largest increase in both students’ time on task and essays hero's journey class participation, compared to beowulf being the other homework assignments. The strategy of preparing analytical tasks also increased students’ time on task and their class participation, compared to the baseline as indicated in essays on a journey, the pre-test. Students were more motivated for this strategy than the jigsaw assignment. Although students were more motivated by the strategy student choice compared with the jigsaw assignment, we did not find a significant increase in the level of class participation, compared to the pre-test, and even a significant decrease in students’ time on task.

Subsequently, students reported to be mostly motivated by the fragmented test: they experienced the strategy as meaningful and challenging, and beowulf about being they perceived the essays on a journey largest learning outcomes. Page Paper! However, as the teaching format of working on on a journey, a test is quite one-sided, no information about students’ time on task and class participation was collected. Of Single Case! Finally, both the immediate and hero's the delayed post-tests showed that students attained a higher level of time on task and of class participation. This might indicate that there was a long-term effect of the combination of homework assignments on students’ activity in class. The highest activity level was obtained when students were self-regulating their learning process, individually or in groups, more than during the teacher-led instruction formats. Student choice resulted in the lowest time on task and class participation of students.

Unlike the jigsaw and the preparation of analytical tasks, this assignment was performed completely individually. The other two assignments had a shared goal, in small groups or in class. Edexcel Gcse! The jigsaw with a high degree of interdependence yielded the highest scores on time on task and class participation. Some critical reflections are justified here. First, these interventions were designed and implemented by the first author. However, the homework assignments were verbalized in the digital learning environment before the start of the on a hero's study in limitations of single study research, order to carry out the interventions as they were designed. Second, students were aware that they participated in a research study, which might have caused them to hero's journey behave in a socially desirable manner. However, our pilot study showed that being part of a research study did not change behavior of grade 11 students at all.

To accustom students to the video cameras, we used these cameras in previous lessons as well. Thirdly, our study was limited to only one level (pre-university education) and grade (11). This means that the research paper conclusions about the effects of hero's, homework assignments can probably only be generalized to this specific group of students. The way this kind of homework assignments might work out with younger students and/or students in essays on why is wrong, lower educational levels should be part of further research. In teaching, there are many possibilities to increase knowledge, deepen insights, and widen horizons. All these initiatives require some kind of activity from both teachers and students. Teachers have a duty to inspire and activate their students to attend their classes. Essays On A Journey! For students, class participation is crucial for their own learning process. Students should already be active before the lesson begins, they should finish their homework so they know what class will be about.

This helps them to understand the materials better, ask meaningful questions, and get interested in the subject matter. The current study revealed some characteristics of study research, homework assignments used to prepare class which go beyond the on a journey amount of time students spend on their homework. It appeared that the social context in which the assignment was completed and beowulf essays a hero the perceived meaningfulness of the homework assignment helped to on a journey trigger student participation in class. Both aspects were addressed by Corno ( 1996 ) who discussed the complicated nature of limitations of single study research, homework. Essays Hero's Journey! One of the misconceptions about homework she described is that homework supports what students learn in school.

But she argued that “homework only supports school learning when it’s explicitly used with that purpose in mind. That is, teachers have to essays being give assignments that both reinforce what they are teaching in school and essays journey prompt students to reorganize and persausive essays on why outsourcing extend their learning into new and essays hero's journey richer areas” (Corno 1996 , p. 28). But reality is different. Edexcel Mathematics! The lack of class participation is detrimental to essays students’ learning process. Students tend to be passive in class and teachers get frustrated experiencing that students ‘never do anything’ which in turn results in a lack of motivation to get students involved.

This can turn into a vicious circle from which students and teachers hardly escape. Teacher work with homework assignments that promote both homework and class participation might break this vicious circle. In this study, some of these instruments were examined of which the jigsaw assignment and the preparation of analytical tasks were found to be effective. But we do need more research on how to beowulf about being use homework to enhance class instruction by engaging students in the process of learning and teaching. This article is distributed under the journey terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited. Maartje Buijs . University of Amsterdam, Hermelijnstraat 57, 6531 JW Nijmegen, the edexcel mathematics coursework Netherlands. E-mail: Current themes of essays hero's, research:

Student engagement in secondary education. Wilfried Admiraal . ICLON Leiden University Graduate School of Teaching, Wassenaarseweg 62A, 2333 AL Leiden, The Netherlands. E-mail: Current themes of research: Social-psychological aspects of education. Most relevant publications in the field of Psychology of Education: Admiraal, W., Huizenga, J., Akkerman, S., Dam, G. ten. (2011). The concept of flow in game-based learning. Computers in Human Behavior , 27 , 1185–1194. Akkerman, S., Admiraal, W., Brekelmans, M., Oost, H. (2008).

Auditing quality of social scientific research. Quality Quantity , 42 , 257–274. Admiraal, W., Wubbels, T. (2005). Multiple voices, multiple realities, what truth? Student teachers’ learning to reflect in different paradigms. Teachers and Teaching , 11 , 315–329. Admiraal, W. F., Korthagen, F. A. J., Wubbels, T. (2000). Effects of student teachers’ coping behaviour. British Journal of Educational Psychology , 70 , 33–52. Admiraal, W. F., Wubbels, T., Korthagen, F. Of Single Case Study Research! A. J. (1996).

Student teacher behaviour in response to daily hassles in on a, the classroom. Persausive On Why Outsourcing Is Wrong! Social Psychology of Education , 1 , 25–46. jtj/greinar/Back%20on%20track%20JTJ%20og%20Stella%202005.pdf . Accessed 4 Sept 2008. Maartje Buijs 1 Email author Wilfried Admiraal 2 1. University of Amsterdam Nijmegen the Netherlands 2. Leiden University Leiden The Netherlands. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley.

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A Hero's Journey Essay

An Essay on the Architect of on a hero's journey Modern India. It is mathematics coursework, said that some men are born great, other are made great and there are still others on whom greatness is thrust upon. But truly great men are really born great. This was exactly the case with Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. He was the on a hero's journey, bundle of a number of great qualities. I admire him most due to the following reasons. Image Source:

There was no one in the country that could compete with Nehru in working hard. He worked continuously till the book charlotte's, very moment of his death. Not only for a day or two year in and year out, he followed the same hard routine. It was he who gave the slogan of “Aram Haram Hai” to the nation. Essays Hero's! It is page, due to his enthusiasm and hard work that our country has made so much progress. His noble example always gives me inspiration for hard work. Our young men become old in their prime. But our beloved prime minister, late mister Nehru, made young men feel shy at the age of seventy-four. Illness never comes near him.

He never took a single pill of medicine, till the moment he was suddenly taken ill at Bhubaneswar about essays hero's journey, five months before his death. His face looked red with vigor and vitality. It is said that one of the secrets of his success was his sound health. He practiced some ‘Yoga Asana’ daily. I consider him to be the model of in a a “sound mind in sound body”. Nehru was essentially a man of the masses. The good of the common people was always at his heart. In fact, he had no private life of his own. Whatever he did, it was done for the sake of the people. It was his love for the people which kept him working day and night.

For improving their condition, he started economic planning in the country. He wanted to bring plenty and prosperity to essays on a journey every home. As he loved the essays is wrong, people so dearly, he becomes the idol of the millions. Nehru was a great lover of children. Whenever he went, children assembled to great him.

He played with them. He considered them to be the real wealth of the on a hero's, nation. To him, they were the future builders of the country. Children’s day is still celebrated in essays on why outsourcing is wrong, the country on 14 th November. This is his birth date. Children from different parts of country still assemble in New Delhi to on a hero's journey celebrate the 14 th of November. Children called him “cha-cha Nehru” in on the, love.

The world today is divided into two power blocs. On the one hand, is the Russian bloc, and the other is Anglo American bloc. Both these blocs are at daggers drawn with each other. Essays On A Journey! They are armed to the teeth with the 3rd grade charlotte's, most destructive weapons like the atom and the hydrogen bombs. Though they call themselves the champions of peace, yet in reality they are very thirsty for human blood.

It was Nehru alone who prevented the Third world war from breaking out so far. He gave the magic formula to the world, the application of which alone can bring about world peace. This formula is popularly known as ‘punch shila’. He was the symbol of hero's world peace; He preached the message of peace and non-violence of Buddha and report web Gandhi to the world. Owing to this very reason, the stature of our country has risen very high in the eyes of the foreigners. The credit for journey, all this must go to Nehru.

He deserves all praise. No one can doubt the patriotism of edexcel Jawaharlal. He gave up his all for the service of the country. Thought he could have led a princely life due to the fabulous wealth of his father, yet he preferred to tread to the thorny path of sacrifice. In fact, no sacrifice was too great for him. The following words of this illustrious son of mother India clearly show that he was a patriot of essays on a patriots. At Kalyani congress session he said, ‘I have hardly any ambition left, but there is one ambition left in me and it is this that in mathematics, the years to come, and in the years left to me, I should throw myself with all the strength and energy left in me into the work of building up India.

I want to give it my utmost, till I am exhausted and thrown away on the scrap heap. It is enough for on a, me that I have exhausted my strength and energy in India’s task. I do not care what happens to my reputation after I am gone. But if people choose to beowulf about think of me then, I should like them to say “this was the man who, with all his mind and heart, loved India and the Indian people. And they, in turn, were indulgent to him and gave him their love most abundantly and extravagantly,” These few words of Jawaharlal are bound to journey lead everyone to page research paper admire him most.

Jawaharlal was a socialist through and through. He did not like any sort of journey inequality. He wanted to establish in India a classless and casteless society. That was why he condemned communalism in almost all his speeches. “Produce or perish” was the slogan he gave to the nation. He wanted to increase the production of agriculture and the industries to the utmost, so that the poor may also get some of the good things of life.

The poor people considered him to be their best friend for this reason. It will not be far from gcse, truth, if we say that Jawaharlal was the savior of mankind. Being the champion of peace and the love of mankind, he was loved not only in his country but also throughout the world. No man in the world enjoyed the hero's journey, love of the people of the people in limitations study research, such abundance as Nehru. He was the greatest man of the modern age, and I admire him most.

He is the man I regard as an ideal hero. is journey, home of limitations research thousands of articles published by users like YOU. Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies and essays journey allied information with a single vision to liberate knowledge. Before publishing your Articles on this site, please read the 3rd grade book, following pages:

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Cours et exercices MERISE [Résolu/Fermé] Prepare par : Ahmed OULD TEBAKH, ing. Consultant en informatique. 05 decembre 2006. On considere une relation R construite sur les attributs Proprietaire, Occupant, Adresse, Noapt, Nbpieces, Nbpersonnes, un nuplet (p, o, a, n, nb1, nb2) ayant la signification suivante : la personne o habite avec nb2 personnes l'appartement de numero n ayant nb1 pieces dont le proprietaire est p. Une analyse de cette relation nous fournit un ensemble initial E de dependances fonctionnelles : adresse, noapt -- proprietaire. adresse, noapt -- occupant. adresse, noapt -- nbpieces. 1- Donner l'ensemble des dependances fonctionnelles elementaires engendrees par E.

2- Quelles sont les cles potentielles de R ? 3- R est elle en 3eme forme normale ? On considere le schema relationnel R defini sur les attributs suivants : un nuplet (c, p, h, s, e, n) a pour signification que le cours c est fait par le professeur p a l'heure h dans la salle s par l'etudiant e qui a recu la note n. L'ensemble E des dependances fonctionnelles initiales est le suivant : 1- Donner l'ensemble des dependances fonctionnelles elementaires engendrees par E. 2- Quelle est la cle de la relation R ? Montrer qu'elle est unique. 3- Quelle est la forme normale de la relation R ? Si elle n'est pas en 3FN proposer une decomposition en 3FN. On considere les deux relations suivantes ou les cles sont en caracteres gras : * LESFILMS(TITRE, PAYS, ANNEE, REALISATEUR, DUREE) et ou les attributs ont les significations et les types suivants: -TITRE : titre d'un film (chaine 50 caracteres) -PAYS : pays d'ou un film est originaire (chaine 10 caracteres) -ANNEE : annee de sortie du film (entier 4 chiffres) -REALISATEUR: Nom du realisateur du film (chaine 20 caracteres) - DUREE : duree du film en mn (entier 3 chiffres) -ACTEUR : Nom d'acteur (chaine 20 caracteres) La relation LESFILMS donne pour chaque film identifie par son titre, le pays , l'annee de sortie, realisateur et la duree. La relation LESACTEURS donne pour chaque film l'ensemble des principaux acteurs. A l'aide de l'algebre relationnelle exprimer les requetes suivantes:

Q1: Liste des films francais (titre, annee, realisateur). Q2: Donnez les annees de sortie des films tournes par GABIN. 1- soient les tables suivantes. Artiste(Num art Nom, prenom , date_nais) ?uvre (Num ov, titre) Produire( #Num_art #Num ov) 1. Journey? schematiser le model conceptuel des donnees. 2- faire les requetes suivantes. a-compter le nombre d'artistes ? b- selectionner les noms des artistes qui commence par la lettre i ? c- compter le nombre d'?uvre ? d- selectionner les numeros des artistes qui commence par la lettre i ? e- selectionner les numeros des artistes qui sont produire l'?uvre numero 3 ? f- donner la liste des numeros des artistes qui ont pas produire. Dans le domaine curriculum vitae, on a dark window on the soul dispose des informations ci-apres : 1- nom et prenom de l'individu.

2- date de naissance de l'individu. 3- langues pratiquees par l'individu. 4- designation du diplome. 5- designation des centres d'interet (sport, musique ) a- schematiser le model conceptuel des donnees ? b- donner le model relationnel des donnees ? Pour les etudiants de ISET on on a utilise une base des donnees pour gerer les resultats de fin d’annee. Edexcel Gcse Mathematics? Cette base est composee des relations suivantes : Matiere ( codemat , coefjp ,coef_ecrit, coef_mat ) Etudiant ( numinsc ,nom ,prenom ,date_nais ?tel ) Evaluation ( # code_mat, # num insc , note_exam) 1. Essays? schematiser le model conceptuel des donnees ? 2. Limitations Study Research? refaire le model relationnel des donnees ? 3. On A Journey? creer les tables en mode de creation ? 4. Of Single Study Research? remplissez les tables par des informations arbitraires ? 5. Essays On A? compter le nombre des etudiants qui sont inscrit ? 6. Charlotte's? quel est le nombre des matieres ? 7. On A Journey? quel est le nombre des etudiants ayant une note d'examen superieur ou. 8. Limitations Of Single Case? quels sont les etudiants qui n'ont pas la moyenne dans l'examen ? 9. Journey? selectionner les etudiants qui sont passer l'examen ? 10. 3rd Grade Book Report? donner les noms ,les prenoms des etudiants qui ont la moyenne dans. 11. On A? les matieres qui ne sont pas evaluer ? 12. Opens A Dark Window Soul? selectionner le code du matiere ,sa coefficient de TP, sa coeff. Essays On A Journey? d'ecrit ? 13. Gcse Coursework? refaire question 12 en selectionnant aussi le note de l'examen ? Schema 1 - MODELE CONCEPTUEL DES DONNEES.

2. On A Hero's Journey? A partir de ce que l'on comprend du 1er schema, presentez un MCD corrige. 3. Case? Deduisez de votre MCD un Modele Logique des Donnees normalise (toutes les relations en 3FN) ARTICLE (ref_art, lib_art, pu_art) RELEVE (date_vte, ref_art, no_vendeur, qte) CCIAL (no_vendeur, nom, prenom, ville) SECTEUR (code_secteur, ville_sect, no_vendeur) 1. On A Journey? Ajouter les contraintes d'integrite d'entite : - Verifier les cles primaires (doivent etre uniques et non nulles) 2. Limitations Of Single Research? Ajouter les contraintes d'integrite de domaine : (Voir les rubriques Taille du champ, Masque de saisie, Valide si en utilisant l'aide contextuelle F1) - Le prix unitaire des articles ne peut pas etre inferieur ou egal a zero. - Le nom des commerciaux doit etre au maximum de 25 lettres majuscules, espaces autorises. 3. Hero's Journey? Ajouter les contraintes d'integrite de reference. 4. Opens Window On The Essay? Creer la table SECTEUR.

5. Essays On A Journey? Ecrire les requetes permettant d'obtenir les informations suivantes : 1. Opens A Dark Window On The Essay? Afficher les articles dont le prix est superieur a 500. 2. Essays On A Hero's? Afficher tous les articles dont le prix est compris entre 200 et 500 avec tri decroissant sur prix. 3. Reference Page In A Research? Afficher les articles avec le prix converti en dollars (hyp. On A? : 1 dollar = 1,07 ) 4. Gcse Mathematics Coursework? Afficher les articles dont le libelle contient le mot clavier ou Clavier 5. Essays? Afficher le nombre d'articles disponibles. 6. Beowulf About Being? Afficher le prix de l'article le plus cher, le moins cher et le prix moyen. 7. Essays Hero's Journey? Afficher les ref et lib des articles ayant ete vendus au moins une fois. 8. Reference Paper? Afficher le montant total des ventes realisees par Gates. 9. Essays On A Journey? Afficher la ref et le libelle des articles vendus en mars 2002, tries par libelle.

10. Essays On Why Is Wrong? Afficher pour chaque date, le montant total des ventes journalieres, trie par CA decroissant. 11. On A Journey? Dates ou il y a eu au moins une vente (sans doublons) 12.

Liste (libelle) des articles qui ont ete vendus au moins une fois (sans doublons) 13. Edexcel Mathematics Coursework? Nombre d'articles differents ayant ete vendus (chaque ref trouvee compte pour 1) 14. Essays Hero's Journey? Libelle des articles tries par prix decroissant (uniquement ceux dont la ref. Study Research? est superieure a 1040, en excluant ceux dont le prix est superieur a 1000 ) 15. On A? Articles dont le nom contient « disquette » ainsi que ceux dont le prix est superieur a 20K. 16. In A Paper? Articles dont le prix est compris entre 10K et 15K , tries par prix decroissant. 17. Essays Hero's Journey? Ref. Essays? des articles et quantite totale vendue de chaque article. 18.

Pour chaque date, quantite moyenne journaliere d’articles vendus. 19. Hero's? Nom des vendeurs ayant vendu quelque chose le 13/01/2002. 20. Opens A Dark Window On The Soul? Afficher pour chaque nom de vendeur, le CA total realise en janvier 2002. 21. On A Journey? Libelle et prix des articles moins chers que la « pince a listing » (vous n’etes bien sur pas cense connaitre le prix de la pince) 22. Opens On The Soul? Libelle et quantite vendue de l’article qui detient le record de ventes journalieres. 23.

Liste des vendeurs habitant dans la meme ville que le vendeur n°13. 24. Essays Journey? Ref. On The? et libelle des articles pour lesquels il n’y a pas eu de vente. Exercice 1 : soit le model conceptuel suivant. 2. Essays? les associations entre les entites ? 3. Reference Research Paper? quels sont les types de ces associations ? 4. Essays On A? selectionner les codes, noms, prenoms des auteurs? 5. Is Wrong? selectionner les codes, noms, prenoms, tel des auteurs ? 6. Essays Hero's Journey? selectionner les codes, noms, prenoms, dates des naissances des auteurs qui realisons. 7. Report Charlotte's? selectionner les code, noms, prenoms , dates des naissances des auteurs qui realisons. des exercices qui possede des difficultes ? 8. Hero's? donner les codes d'exercices et sont types et ces nombres qui possede des difficultes ? 9. Beowulf Essays About A Hero? donner les types des difficultes et ces libelles estimer ? 10. Hero's? donner le code d'exercice et son type et sa difficulte qui lui possede ? Exercice 1 : soit le model conceptuel suivant. 2. Limitations Of Single Case Study Research? les associations entre les entites ? 3. Essays On A Hero's? deduire le MRD ? 4. Reference Page Paper? selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs, noms ? 5. Hero's? selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs qui sont fait le match numero 2 ? 6. Beowulf Being? selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs qui sont fait le match numero 1 ? 7. On A Journey? refaire question 6 en affichant le temps ? 8. Paper? selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs, noms, prenoms et ces equipes ? 9. Essays On A? les equipes qui sont joue des matches ? 10. Opens A Dark Soul? selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs, noms, prenom, l'action qu'ils.

11. Essays On A? selectionner les numeros des licence des joueurs, noms, prenom, l'action qu'ils faisant. et dans quelle match ? Epargnant (n°epargnant ,nom,prenom) Ce Schema correspond aux places financieres ou sont cotes les titres (action ,obligations, ..)de l’entreprise. Ces titres sont detenus par des epargnants. Reference Research? Un epargnant peut detenir plusieurs portefeuilles de titres qui peuvent etre geres par divers societes d’intermediation. A – Creer la base de donnees Compte en respectant le MLD ci-dessus. B – Ecrire les requetes SQL suivantes : 1. Essays On A Hero's? La liste des epargnants qui possedent le titre WAFABANK. 2. Reference Paper? Les titres cotes a la fois a la place de casablanca et au caire.

3. On A Journey? Calcul des valeurs des titres detenus par Mr SUBHI. 4. Essays About Being? Les titres qui ont progresse de plus de 20% depuis leur introduction en bourse. 5. Essays Hero's Journey? Suppression des titres du portefeuille n°15 du monsieur hassani. 6. Reference Research Paper? Les actionnaires detenant l’action BMCE et BCM. 7. Essays On A Journey? Les epargnants qui n’ont plus de portefeuille de titre. 8. Page In A Research? Les societes d’intermediation qui ne gerent plus de portefeuilles contenant le titre ONA. Prepare par : Ahmed OULD TEBAKH, ing. Consultant en informatique. 05 decembre 2006. Mots-clef : Merise.

MCD. Essays On A Hero's? entite, association, MLD. Limitations Case Study Research? relation, traduction, MPD. 1 Modele conceptuel de donnees (MCD) 2. 11 Sc hema (mtite-assoriatioi) 2. 1.2 Cas particuliers 4. 13 Roules de normalisation 6. 14 Methodlogie 7. 2 Modele logique de donnees (MLD) 7. 2.1 Systemes logiques 7. 2.2 Scliema relationnel 8. 2.3 Traduction 8.

3 Modele physique de donnees (MPD) 12 4 Retro-conception 12. 5 Compleme nts 13. 5.1 Agregation 13. 5.2 Identifiant relatif 14. 5.3 Sous entite .. Essays On A Hero's Journey? . Essays On Why Is Wrong? .. Essays On A? 16. 5.-3 Sous-associat ion .. About? . On A Hero's? 17.

2 MODELE LOGIQUE DE DONNEES (MLD) 8. 2.2 Schema relationnel. Concentrons-nous sur le MLDR. 3rd Grade Book Charlotte's Web? Lorsque des donnees ont la meme structure (comme par exemple, les bordereaux de livraison), on on a hero's journey peut les organiser en table dans laquelle les colonnes decrivent les champs en commun et les lignes contiennent les valeurs de ces champs pour chaque enregistrement. Les lignes d'une table doivent etre uniques, cela signifie qu'une colonne (au moins) doit servir de cle primaire. 3rd Grade Book Charlotte's? La cle primaire d'une ligne ne doit pas changer au cours du temps et ne peut contenir la valeur NULL, alors que les autres colonnes le peuvent. Par ailleurs, il se peut qu'une colonne Colonnel d'une table ne doive contenir que des valeurs prises par une colonne Colonne2 d'une autre table (par exemple, le numero du client sur une commande doit correspondre a un vrai numero de client). Essays Hero's Journey? La Colonne2 doit etre sans doublons (bien souvent il s'agit d'une cle primaire) et on case research dit que la Colonnel est cle etrangere.

Par convention, on journey souligne les cles primaires et on on the soul fait preceder les cles etrangeres d'un diese # dans la description des colonnes d'une table : clients(numero client, nom client, prenom, adresse client, . Essays Hero's? ) commandes(numero commande, date, #numero client, . Page In A? ) - une meme table peut avoir plusieurs cles etrangeres mais une seule cle primaire (eventuellement. composees de plusieurs colonnes) ; - une cle etrangere peut aussi etre primaire; une cle etrangere peut etre composee (c'est le cas si la cle primaire en liaison est composee). Hero's Journey? La section suivante contient des exemples. On peut represente]- les tables d'une base de donnees relationnelle par un schema relationnel dans lequel les tables sont appelees relations et les liens entre les cles etrangeres et leur cle primaire est symbolise par un connecteur : Pour traduire un MOD en troisieme forme normale en un MLDR. On Why Outsourcing Is Wrong? il suffit d'appliquer cinq regles (a connaitre par coeur). Essays Journey? Mais avant, on edexcel coursework dit qu'une association entre deux entites (eventuellement reflexive) est de type : - 1 : 1 si les deux cardinalites sont 0,1 ou 1,1 ; - 1 : n si une des deux cardinalite est 0,n ou l.n; - n : m (plusieurs a plusieurs) si les deux cardinalites sont 0,n ou l,n. En fait, un schema relationnel ne peut faire la difference entre 0,n et l,n. Hero's? Par contre, il peut la faire outre 0.1 et 1,1 (cf. 3rd Grade Book Report Charlotte's? regles 2 et 3). Regle 1 : toute entite devient une table dans laquelle les attributs deviennent des colonnes. On A Journey? L'identifiant de l'entite constitue alors la cle primaire de la table. Par exemple, l'entite articles de la figure 9 devient la table : articles(numero article, nom article, prix unitaire de vente, . Page In A? ) Regle 2 : dans le cas de deux entites reliees par une association de type 1 : n, on essays hero's ajoute une cle etrangere dans la table cote 0.1 ou 1,1, vers la cle primaire de la table cote 0,n ou l,n. Book Report Charlotte's? Les attributs de l'association glissent vers la table cote 0,1 ou 1,1.

Et si la cardinalite est 1,1 alors la cle etrangere ne peut recevoir la valeur NULL (autrement dit, vide interdit). Par exemple, l'association livrer de la figure 9 est traduite par : fournisseurs(numero fournisseur, nom fournisseur, telephone, . Essays On A Hero's? ) livraisons(numero livraison, date, #numero fournisseur (non vide), nom livreur) ajoute une contrainte d'unicite sur chaque de ces cles etrangeres la colonne correspondante ne peut. prendre que des valeurs distincte- Les attributs de l'association sont alors repartis vers l'une des deux tables. Literature Opens Soul Essay? Et si la cardinalite est 1.1 alors la cle etrangere concernee ne peut recevoir la valeur NULL (autre¬ment dit, vide. Par exemple. On A Hero's Journey? l'association resider de la figure 8 est traduite p. etres humains(numero personnel, nom, prenom, #numero appartement (unique), date d'entree, . Research? ) logement(numero appartement, adresse, #numero personnel (unique), montant du loyer, . Journey? ) En fait, la regle 3 considere que le type 1 : 1 correspond a deux type 1 : n symetriques. Beowulf Being A Hero? Autre technique : ajouter une table intermediaire dont la cle primaire est composee de cles etrangeres vers les cles primaires des tables en association et une contrainte d'unicite sur ces cles etrangeres (c'est-a-dire considerer le type ] : 1 comme un cas particulier du type n : m) : etres humains(numero personnel, nom, prenom, . Essays On A? ) logement(numero appartement, adresse, . Edexcel Gcse Mathematics Coursework? ) resider(#numero personnel (unique), #numero appartement (unique), date d'entree, montant du loyer) 2 MODELE LOGIQ UE DE DONNEES (MLD) 11. Par exemple, l'association concerner (1) de la figure 9 est traduite par : articles(numero article, nom article, prix unitaire de vente, . On A Hero's? ) lignes de commande (tournero commande, #numero article, quantite commandee) commandes(numero commande, date, . Charlotte's Web? ) exemple, l'association vols de la figure 7 devient la table : . On A Journey? s(#numero avion, toumero pilote, toumero aeroport, date et heure, duree, distance)

3 Modele physique de donnees (MPD) Bien que certains outils (PowerAMC notamment) considere que le MPD et le MLD representent la meme chose, c'est faux. Book Report Charlotte's? Le MPD est une implementation particuliere du MLD pour un materiel, un environnement et un logiciel donne. Notamment, le MPD s'interesse au stockage des donnees a travers le type et la taille (en octets ou en bits) des attributs du MCD. Essays Journey? Cela permet, de prevoir la place necessaire a chaque table dans le cas d'un SGBDR. Le MPD tient compte des limites materielles et logicielles afin d'optimiser l'espace consomme et d'optimiser le temps de calcul (qui representent deux optimisations contradictoires). Beowulf Essays About A Hero? Dans le cas d'un SGBDR, le MPD definit les index et peut etre amene a accepter certaines redondances d'information afin d'accelerer les requetes. Par exemple, la table commandes de la figure 14 peut etre supprimees et ses colonnes, notamment date, sont ajoutees a la table lignes de commandes. Essays On A Hero's Journey? On renonce donc a la troisieme forme normale.

Une application pratique de la separation entre le MLDR et le MPD est le portage d'une base de nees d'un SGBD a un autre. Edexcel Coursework? Par exemple, on essays journey peut traduire un MPD Access on limitations study research un MLDR puis traduire MLDR en un MPD Oracle. Dans la majorite des cas, le travail du concepteur de bases de donnees consiste non pas a creer une. mais plutot a corriger ou etendre une base existante. Essays Hero's Journey? Dans ce cas, la donnee est un modele lethode consiste a. 3rd Grade Report Web? le traduire en un modele conceptuel, modifier ce modele et regenerer le modele physique modifie.

Il s'agit de retro-conception ou reverse engineering. bases de donnees relationnelles, il suffit de traduire le modele physique en un MLDR, puis d'appiquer les regles de traduction du paragraphe 2.3 dans le sens inverse. Regle 1 les tables dont la cle primaire est non composee (et non cle etrangere) deviennent des. entites ( les colonnes - non cles etrangeres deviennent dos attributs et la cle primaire devient identifiant). Regle 2 : les tables dont la cle primaire est composee (exclusivement) de cles etrangeres deviennent. des associations n-aires, ou n est le nombre de colonne definissant la cle primaire (les autres colonnes non.

cles etrangeres de viennent attributs). Regle 3 : les colonnes cles etrangeres restantes deviennent des associations binaires de type 1 : n (il reste a re-inventer leur nom). Regle 4 : les cardinalites minimales sont 1 si figure la. Essays Journey? mention (non vide) et a retrouver par le bon sens sinon (0 par defaut). Persausive Essays On Why Outsourcing Is Wrong? Les cardinalites maximales sont 1 ou n selon que la mention (unique) figure ou non. Les extensions presentees dans cette section font partie de la version 2 de Merise (cf. Hero's? [ ]).

Elles. permettent de traiter certaines situations reelles plus simplement. Exemple : dans un entreprise dont les representants vendent des produits dans differentes regions, une des regles de gestion est qu'un produit pour une region donnee, ne peut etre vendu que par un seul representant. Si on edexcel mathematics coursework se contente du schema de la figure 17, alors cette regle n'est pas forcement respectee. Essays Hero's Journey? Il faut. L'agregation constitue alors une entite dont l'identifiant est compose des identifiants de ses propres. representants(numero representant, nom representant, . Literature Opens A Dark Window Essay? ) regions(numero region, nom region, . On A Journey? ) produits(numero produit, nom produit, . Case Study? ) couvrir(#numero region, ftnumero produit. Essays On A? #numero representant (non vide), date et heure) type n : m (cf. Edexcel Gcse Coursework? figure 19). Journey? alors le schema relationnel ferait intervenir une table supplementaire. representants(numero representant, nom representant, . Book Report Charlotte's Web? ) regions(numero region, nom region, . Essays On A Journey? ) produits(numero produit, nom produit, . Essays A Hero? ) couvrir(numero region. Essays? #numero produit) vendre(##numero region. Persausive Outsourcing Is Wrong? ##numero produit, #numero representant, date et heure) une eut: du batiment numerote les factures relatives a un chantier par le numero du. -uivi d'un numero automatique. On A? Les factures du chantier 14 sont 1401, 1402 et 1403 tandis que . A Hero? chantier 15 sont 1501 et 1502.

Exemple : les factures d'une entreprise font l'objet d'un reglement par cheque ou par carte. Journey? Cette entreprise souhaite connaitre pour tous les reglements, leur date, pour les reglements par cheque, le nom de la banque et le numero du cheque et pour les reglements par carte, le numero de la carte, le nom de la banque et la date d'expiration. On a donc une entite generique reglements et deux entites specialisees cheques et cartes. Edexcel Gcse Mathematics? Ces deux sous-entites de l'entite reglements ont des attributs propres mais pas d'identifiants propres. Sur le schema entite-association, on hero's journey represente le lien qui unie une sous-entite a son entite generique par une fleche (cf. Persausive Outsourcing Is Wrong? figure 22 ).

La traduction des sous-entites au niveau logique relationnel fait intervenir une cle primaire commune ussi etrangere : reglements(numero reglement, date, nom banque) cheques(#numero reglement, numero cheque) cartes(#numero reglement, numero carte, date expiration) Remarque au niveau logique objet, on essays on a hero's retrouve la notion d'heritage. Exemple : une entreprise artisanale vend non seulement des produits a prix unitaire fixe, mais aussi des produits sur mesure dont le prix unitaire est calcule a partir de la duree de confection et d'un taux horaire. Dans ce cas. Gcse Mathematics Coursework? non seulement l'entite produits est specialisee en produits standards et produits personnalises, mais en plus, l'association concerner entre les entites commandes et produits est specialisee selon qu'il s'agit d'un produit standard ou personnalise (cf. Essays On A Journey? figure 23 ). On a alors les sov s-associations concerner standard et concerner personnalise dont le lien avec l'association generique concerner est represente par une fleche. Dans le schema relationnel, les sous-associations sont traduites de la meme maniere que l'association generique correspondante, mais avec leurs attributs propres : produits(numero produit, nom produit, . Beowulf Essays Being? ) produits standards(#(l)numero produit, prix unitaire) produits personnalises(#(2)numero produit, taux horaire) coccndes(numero commande, date, . Essays Journey? . Edexcel Gcse? . Essays On A Hero's Journey? ) concerner(#numero commande, #numero produit, quantite) concerner standard(##numero commande, 3#(l)numero produit) concerner personnalise(##numero Edexcel? ##(2)numero produit, duree)

Interets de la decomposition MCD/MLD/MPD : - le MOD permet d'eviter certaines erreurs de conception (en contradiction avec les regles de norma¬ le MCD permet de voir facilement quelles associations de type n : m, non binaires ou reflexives sont en presence (c'est important) ; - le MLD peut etre obtenu automatiquement par des outils de genie logiciel ; - le MCD peut etre traduit en differents MLD coherents (notamment on essays on a peut traduire un MCD en. un MLDR puis en une base de donnees Access tandis qu'en parallele le MCD est traduit en un. ensemble de classes Java (MPD oriente objet) afin de developper une application web sur cette base. Cependant, la methodologie Merise est typiquement francaise. Persausive On Why Outsourcing? En Grande-Bretagne, la methodologie standard s'appelle SSADM (Structured Systems Analysis ans Design Method) et repose sur les memes principes. On A Hero's? Les nord-americains utilisent ce qu'on appelle des diagrammes de flux dont les principes sont repris par la version 2 de Merise. Aujourd'hui, ce sont les methodologies objets et leur unification UML (Unified Modeling Language, autrement dit langage unifie de modelisation objet) qui tendent a remplacer Merise et ses extensions objets. Book Report Charlotte's Web? Le lecteur est donc invite a se documenter sur le cadre UML pour etre a la pointe de l'etat de l'art en methodologie de conception. Table des figures.

2 Associations 2. 1 Identifiants 3. 5 Cardinaiites 4. (i Association reflexive 4. 7 Association ternaire 5. 8 Associations plurielles 5. 9 Normalisation des relations G. 10 Schema relationnel 8. 11 Traduction d'une association de type 1 : n 9. !) Traduction d'une association de type 1:1 10.

13 Traduction alternative d'une association de type 1:1 10. M Traduction d'une association de type n : m 11. 15 Traduction d'une association ternaire 11. 16 Sacrifice de la troisieme forme normale 12. 17 Mauvais MCD 13. 18 Solution avec- agregation 14. 19 Agregation avec une association de type n : m 15. 20 Identifiant par concatenation 15. 21 Representation d'un identifiant relatif 16.

22 Representat ion des sous-entites 16. 23 Representation des sou^-associa?ions 17. mon email est : Pour les reponses aux questions sur MERISE : il y a aussi l'excellente F.A.Q MERISE : je veux savoir est ce que le nombre des flux du MCC doivent etre egaux aux nombres d'operations du MCT? et merci d'avance. pour les ex de merise pour debutant je vous propose ce site: j'espere que je trouve celui qui va m'aider sachant j'ai un examen sur les systemes d'information dans 5 jours. 1/ Construire le MCD a partir des informartions recoltees aupres des utilisateurs et determiner ainsi les entites en jeux, les associations, les cardinalites ie les regles de gestions, les proprietes. 2/ Construire le MCT = cad traduire les consequences d unevenement precis sur le SI. Je comprend ce qu est le MCT . Essays On A Hero's? Ce que je ne comprend c est a quel moment il intervient dans la realisation de mon SI automatise . Edexcel Mathematics? Je sais que le MCD se traduit facilement en MLd mais que vient faire le MCT dasn tt ca? 3/ Le MOT = comment se determine t il et meme question sur son action dans la realisation du SI. le mct va definire la circulation des docs etudies par expl l'evenemant declancheur c'est le depot d'un dossier (pour inscription) op: verification du dossier.

etat(resultat de l'op): dossier accepter ou dossier rejeter. pour le mot vous allez en + vous allez etre obliger de definir le type de l'op (manuel, automatique ou semiautomatique) c'est tous que je me rappel pour l'instant. je suis un etudiant en systeme d'information j'ai besoin queleque. donne sur l'analyse merise. Si c'est possible je veux quelques exercices sur MLT (guidage fonctionnel, NNI, dialogue) et la quantification des MOD de la methode merise version 2. le site que vous cherchez est le je le trouve tres interressant. si vous voulez je cherche un site riche en UML. Min ketata hajer. si c'est possible, je veux quelques exercices sur MLT(guidage fonctionnel, NNI, dialogue) et sur la quantification des MOD de la methode MERISE 2. je vous serai reconnaissant si vous me repondez. prendre comme le cas d'un debutant.

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